Partridge is one of the most beloved trophy hunters.
This small bird, like a domestic hen, weighs only about four grams with a body length of thirty centimeters.
Even the voice of partridge similar to the clucking of domestic hens, and the male makes the familiar “Doodle”. She flies rarely and only in case of danger. Strong legs with well-developed muscles allow the partridge to escape quickly from predators, and dense thickets of shrubs in which nests of this bird, make it invisible for people.
Now partridge began to grow in the home. Its meat is considered a delicacy and worth a lot of money.
Grouse is a close relative of the domestic chicken , and so external similarity with poultry is obvious.
There are several symptoms specific to partridge:
- As the female and the male the color of the feathers are grey, but with some differences. Males have brighter plumage and females during summer near the tail appear red feathers.
- The stomach of birds is white and the head brown with dark spots on the back of the head.
- The female is smaller than male. Sexual characteristics of both sexes are very poorly expressed and distinguish them from each other only in size.
- With age, males appear on the chest of brown blur.
The color of birds changes throughout the year. On the back and wings, you notice a lovely pattern consisting of brown spots and mineral deposits.
Behavior in the nature and nutrition
The daily diet of wild partridges is mainly from plant foods. This is mainly grasses and leaves and shoots of plants. Especially relevant becomes the production of food in the winter, because remnants of the grains in the fields – the only available food for quail.
Now the grey partridges every year more and more difficult to find food in the winter. The field has been treated with chemicals and because of this mass killing insects.
The main food of the birds become grainleft on the fields after harvest. So they all gravitate to communities of people.
The winter cold is difficult to provide grey partridges. They are digging in the snow and at the approach of danger out of it. Exhausted winter bird often becomes the prey of a predator. In nature, the danger of birds not only from the hunters, eat wild chicken away weasels, hawks, foxes and ferrets.
In summer, these birds are happy to eat snails, various insects, slugs and even small turtles. Search for food they are busy in the morning and during the day, usually hiding in bushes. At night these birds are sleeping.
Partridge is a bird who prefers a sedentary life. Change their place of residence they are often forced. It could be a wildfire or a search region with more available food. For partridges, the change of place becomes a real stress. On the new site they become shy and nervous.
In the winter months the birds gather in flocks, and with the onset of spring, on the contrary, disperse in pairs to breed. In the mating season the males put up a fight for the attention of females. Fights, generally accompanied by loud cries, and strikes with claws and beak.
The flight of the partridge is very noisy and low. The frightened flock raises a real ruckus is able to frighten any person. They fly in a straight line, without bends, and sit close. Most often, if they need to move, they just run across from place to place.
These birds love to spend the day digging in the ground near the nest. Their favorite activity is floundering in the dust.
They build nests of twigs and grass, and places choose the most quiet. You can often find gray partridge in the meadows adjacent to the rivers, forest edges and cliffs. She needs greens, so if she settles in the steppe zone, it selects an area with high grasses or number of steppe shrubs.
In the wild they rarely live up to five years. At that time, as poultry can live and ten. Malnutrition and constantly lurking danger from predators significantly shorten the life span.
Already in the year of the bird becomes sexually Mature and may already be nesting. If weather conditions allow the area where she lives, then the breeding can start earlier in March.
As a rule, choose a partner of the female, and in the construction of the nest involves both future parents. The nest is built of twigs and plant stems, and the inside insulated him down.
Grey partridges are extremely alanskie. So, the female can simultaneously defer to twenty eggs. The majority of hatched Chicks healthy and hardy. Nimble kids two days later, excellent and fast moving. Parents try to lead them away from the nests to protect from predators.
The male partridge – the real defenders of the family and great fathers. This is in contrast to many species of birds. In case of an attack on the nest, the male fearlessly defends a female with Chicks, sometimes even dying in an unequal battle. Males are directly involved in feeding and educating kids. In addition, during incubation, the male easily substitute a female.
These are born in late may and in September reach the size of their parents.
What is the male partridges?
Hunters are term – “kuraci”, but actually the males name is just the chickens.
In addition to partridge, there are several species of birds that differ from each other by habitat:
- Chukar, or partridge. She has a very small body size like partridges. Weight is often not less than six hundred grams. As usual, females are smaller than males.
- In Central Asia, inhabits bearded partridge. The area for nesting it chooses a mountain with thick vegetation.
- Tundra partridge looks very elegant and has a diverse coloration of the plumage. Most often, it corresponds to the territory where it lives.
- In the North of Europe and also in America and Asia lives ptarmigan. It is more adapted to the winter cold as in the fall of its plumage increases and decreases in the spring. Color birds are light yellowish.
Hunting was carried out on them always. Previously popular method of fishing was the snare. Hunters was sneaking to the sitting bird and throw the net. At the moment the number of grouse has decreased significantly. The reason is a lack of food because of the enthusiasm with pesticides and chemicals. As well as the habitat of partridges, and other inhabitants of the fields, is constantly declining. Man because of his activities himself, not wanting displaces birds.
Breeding quail at home
The breeding of these birds people take a long time.
The advantage of these birds compared to other domestic birds:
- Quail eggs, which have become a real panacea for many diseases. Unlike the quail eggs from a chicken that they can drink raw.
- Quail tastes much better usual chicken, but the price is higher than his chicken five times or more.
- Breeding partridges can become a profitable business. After all, the egg laying female is up to twenty-five eggs at a time, and survival rate of offspring is quite high.
For growing at home perfect grey quail. Less yet acquire such a rare species as the red grouse. Bird breeding usually buy, but can produce themselves.
The main thing is to ensure the preservation of partridges. To do this, put the enclosure with a high fence. Due to the small size, the number of enemies who wish to profit significantly exceeds the partridge hens. Even an ordinary crow is not averse to capture wild chicken.
Grow them together with chickens, ducks and geese. Get a few pairs at a time, as in nesting, they must themselves be divided into families. It is desirable to have at least four females and as many males. Unlike other birds it is not polygamous, and hence the number of males and females must be the same. Within a year, sexually Mature female can bring at least a dozen eggs, and later their number will increase each time.
Diet at home make up products such as: corn, bone and fish meal, sunflower meal, soybean, barley, wheat and fodder yeast. Be sure to give salt and the green grass. Before the hatching of the eggs of the female give vitamin supplements.
The Chicks in the food mixed the yolk, curd and whey. And in the birds ‘ diet can include white bread and chopped fresh cabbage.
Chicks try to keep in cages, so they will be more secure. Two months later they are released into the poultry yard.
As for diseases, the partridges have excellent immunity, compared to chickens. However, the risk of catching the infection still exists. Treatment quail as with all birds.
Unpretentious quail only require warm bedding in the winter and the constant availability of food. Put on areas of the enclosure low bushes, so the birds could hide in his shadow. With a balanced diet and proper care, you can get a lot of healthy offspring, and thus a good profit.