The construction of the reservoir started in 1970, slightly above the village of Kurilovka, under God’s mountain, the river Sura and the adjacent coast was blocked by a giant dam with a length of about three km. along the banks of a huge valley – the planned flood zone – over the years the construction was at the root of the cut and partially uprooted trees.
Falling in this zone, the village was moved higher.
In 1978 in the life of Penza has taken place – in the full sense of the word – event: a 10 km from the city, it was commissioned in Penza reservoir, soon acquired in the everyday life of the citizens the name “surskoye sea”.
The purpose of the construction of the reservoir was the water supply of the city of Penza and Zarechny and irrigation of 40,000 hectares of surrounding agricultural lands. The mirror of the sea exceeded 100 sq km, the width in the middle part was about three miles, and the area of backwater extends almost 30 km from the dam upstream.
With the onset of winter 1978 -79. crowd Penza anglers flocked to the ice-covered sea. Here in different places well caught perch and different white fish – roach, IDE, bream.
Well remember fishing the right shore of the sea opposite the large village Alferovo. With a companion, we came to Alferenko, put the car in someone’s yard and walked across the ice to the right Bank. Here the ice was sticking noticeable snag, from which it had to move 30 feet towards the left Bank to get to the sacred place It was located on some elevation of the bed profile to a depth of about three meters – a kind of “table” on which he loved to spin and have a good peck at the fish – mostly “nice” perch about 100 grams. At this place we long for “grazing” while there is no fishing on our competitors, and the fishing was quiet. Soon the local fishermen showed us another very inconspicuous place to get to which was only possible on the sites – trees on the right Bank. One time, when there was no snow, a kind of “lighthouse” were sticking out from under the snow empty bottle. There is also very actively caught perch, and caught up to a pound.
A few years sea fishing became quiet, but soon there was a real “Klondike” on the river above the backwater zone. Here, in clean water, rushed huge schools of fish leaving the sea, apparently because of oxygen starvation caused by rotting does not uprooted the roots of trees and remaining ground vegetation.
The author had the opportunity to attend one of these trips. The people were full. Along the coast stretches a long chain of cars on the larger Parking lot.
Caught mostly different white fish grabbed the jig very greedily. A bunch of local fishermen was sitting on the ground, where the depth was not more than half. To me one of the people, overcoming resistance, pulled the IDE not less than a kilogram.
My companion caught almost to the top drawer of substantial size. Good sex I am.
In the following weeks we chose places even higher on the river, where well caught perch and skimmers. Once I was sitting very close to the shore to snag the place where a very smartly went perch. Managed to catch almost the box. It is true, often had to use the unhook.
After a few days when the ice was discovered the network, exhibited by the poachers, had these places to leave and go for a new one.
Next year the sea water is purified from the products of putrefaction, and in the area of Alferini began fishing for bream, took on a mass character. As to the gold mines, hunters to bream “stolbit” a section of ice drilled the holes and regularly between the fishing went to him, dropping the lure. The encroachment on such land could lead to a scandal, sometimes with the massacre.
Once I was able to get in the zone this of fishing. Sight it was stunning-from ice sticking out of the bars, poles and stakes; about “staked out” of the hole stood a wall of snow. In short, the human imagination for legalization of ownership knew no bounds.
One time enjoyed great popularity, the former confluence of the river Ties with the Sura, turned to the spill of gigantic proportions. I remember the happy day when trolling I was able to catch walleye at 2.8 kg, pike 1.3 kg and the bass on the 600 is Having problems with filling my small box.
To fish near the dam closer than 2000 m soon banned. But there were always fishermen who used permissions. One of my friends is a very successful fisherman who regularly visited there and the travel caught up to 12 – 15 (!) good – up to two kg of bream, while his companions were content with one or two. No pre-feeding it is not used.
I remember in years past, when we had to return to Penza at the weekend by plane, make before planting, turn over the sea, you could see out the window the clouds fishermen zapolonili all the ice from shore to shore.