Bream – a typical inhabitant of rivers and lakes. It is found in large quantities and in many reservoirs forms the basis of the aquatic fauna. For the angler, it is always a desirable prey. Although he does not offer much resistance, this is a schooling fish, and usually, if you hit one, there is a chance to catch the second and third. The main thing is to be careful and to get the fish out quickly so that the flock does not get too scared and returns to the baited point. By the way, about bait: it is often more important for catching bream than tackles.
Fishing from the shore is carried out in two ways: bottom and float rods. Bream float fishing is a classic that many consider aerobatics in float fishing. To choose the right place, to be able to lure the fish to complement it, to choose the necessary wiring technique, and all this is in complete silence so as not to frighten a careful fish – such fishing brings good results and a lot of pleasure, but it is difficult enough for beginners. Often they only get bream in the form of a random trophy when fishing for roach or other fish.
Bottom fishing for bream is simpler, but it is still full of nuances. The most modern and sporty type of bottom fishing is a feeder. He seemed to be thinking specifically for him. Feeder feeder is located near the fishing hooks. A flock of wide handsome men, eating food, will surely grab one of them with a nozzle, and the angler will feel elastic fluttering of resisting prey on the rod. With the help of the feeder it is not at all necessary to pull them closer to the shore using special flavors . It is quite long-range, and is able to deliver the nozzle exactly to the place of feeding. And with the help of a marker weight, you can easily find places that, from the point of view of the angler, will be attractive.
Classic donk brings success too. Many donkey fishermen do not give up old gear, preferring them even to the feeder. Bream caught on Donkey-spinning, on the hooks, which they throw into the water with their hands, on the hooks with an elastic band. Sometimes use feeders. The most effective bream feeders large volume for Donkey. They allow you to deliver food to the point of catching at a time, unlike the feeder, where, thanks to accurate casting, it is delivered in several stages. The main advantage of such gear is their simplicity and cheapness. You can make a few hooks and catch on a larger number of hooks. Of course, such fishing cannot be called sport fishing, and the feeder equipment outruns these types of tackle due to the catchiness of bream. But to each his own, some like bottom fishing in this form.
Bait on bream – the basis of success
The modern angler uses ready-made commercial baits to attract fish. A variety of dry feed compounds are produced, which can be quickly prepared right on the beach. Unfortunately, the consumption of their bream fishing is usually great. Yes, and such a feed disperses instantly. If in the place of catching the abundance of small fish, it simply will not allow the bream to approach the bait, destroying it before the approach of the bream pack. Therefore, in the bait be sure to add a large component, as well as the soil for starting the feed. Pellets, porridges, which are added to feed, compound feeds, which by their nature differ little from pellets and are successfully replaced, can act as this.
The ground for catching bream is added a dark color, as it prefers to stick on those parts of the bottom that are colored darker. Excellent garden peat. It is quite light and loose, and even after wetting it is easy to find bait particles in it. Another important feature of it is that it is quite porous and, when immersed in water, begins to release oxygen. It attracts fish, because bubbles emit certain sounds under water. For the same purpose, the bait is usually sifted through a sieve – air particles get stuck between the bait particles, and it emits bubbles at the bottom.
For the bream, the animal component is also important. It is added to the bait in the form of bloodworm, moldy worm or worms. When fishing on the feeder, the use of a large feeder allows you to deliver the bream in live form. It is important that the crank move at the bottom, the maggots dig in prikormochnom soil, and the worms crawled along the bottom. All this gives a soundtrack that bream perceives as a signal to food. He will eagerly eat both worms from the bait, and a hook with a nozzle, becoming a fishing trophy.
When fishing for float fishing, it is very important to keep quiet. But what if the bait at the bottom will be destroyed by fish in half an hour of fishing? Will the fish go away and not return, or will you have to feed the point again, scaring away the one that remained? By no means. Bait balls should be prepared with different consistency. Some of them should disintegrate at the bottom right away and be looser. Others – to keep their shape for a long time, and only after some time fall apart. Soil significantly extends the validity of the bait. He not only creates a nourishing spot for fish on the bottom, but also difficulties in eating the feed, forcing it to rummage in the bottom. The latter sometimes helps to get rid of the roach poklyok. She does not like to dig too much into the silt, but bream, on the contrary, prefers what lies below.
Bream – bottom fish. They are also called “benthofagi”, as they eat what lies directly at the bottom of the reservoir – benthos. Its food usually consists of small larvae, worms, bloodworms, polyps, crustaceans. Sometimes he eats plants, but only for one reason – on their surface there is a large amount of animal feed in the form of zooplankton. This is usually tina, which can be found in any reservoir.
Also bream loves to stay among the grass. Not very thick, which will make it inconvenient for movement. But that she hid it from prying eyes. A bream is a shy fish, and it should be caught near natural shelters. Since spring, he is coming to the thickets of aquatic vegetation, which are beginning to break even under the ice. There he spawns at a depth of about a meter. Fishing is prohibited at this time, but in the old days he was the most successful. Bream came close to the shore, and it was easy to catch him.
After that, when spawning is over, the most favorite time comes for the breaming fisherman. You can catch bream. At first he does not depart from the places where he spawned. He has a lot of caviar, and he is not particularly concerned with raising the offspring – most likely, the fish are under stress after spawning, and they need to accumulate strength. Bream at this time can be caught on the float, feeder or donku. Catching takes place in places with a depth of one to two meters; in large pits it is possible to search for it at this time, but not so effectively. Later, when the water level begins to fall, the bream goes farther to the depth.
Over time, it begins to get colder, the light day is reduced, and aquatic plants die off. Bream completely leaves the coastal zone, trying to get closer to the winter parking. He is caught in the pits, where he is no longer as willing as in the summer, he eats food, but he stands very closely. On the rivers such places are usually located near the channel itself. Often, they cannot be reached from the shore, but they are accessible from the boat.
Where to look for bream on the river? Absolutely worth going around fast rapids. On a strong current, this fish does not like to stand. Usually in these places all sludge, fodder, sandy or rocky bottom is washed out from the bottom. Yes, and this fish is not adapted to keep fast and spend energy. On the contrary, near the wide reach, where there is no fast current, where the current forms a knob, where a passage goes to the shallow water and the food rolls down the slope down the river – there it is worth looking for the bream.
Flocks of bream constantly travel along the stream. They are looking for food on the so-called brooks – these are areas with a flat bottom, which immediately follow the coastal dump. He is attracted here by the abundance of food that slides down the dump and lingers there, as well as the fact that it is convenient to pick him up from the bottom. In addition, there is often a predator on the piles, which by its presence can scare off the bream, even if it does not plan to attack. It is necessary to find such parts of the bottom and fish them first. On the bed bream leaves only after the fall of the water at the end of the summer. During this period, on many rivers only there he can find a suitable depth.
Bream – a fish is quite large in size, although it is far from a record holder by weight. The largest fish reach a weight of six kilograms. Most often, individuals hook from a pound to a kilogram on a hook; this fish is called a podleschik. Bream of three kilograms in most cases is a trophy catch.
The shape of the body of bream – flattened laterally and elongated in length. This helps him to avoid the teeth of the pike, which simply cannot open its mouth in such a way as to grab a wide fish. It grows very quickly, and as a result, having reached a large size, it has practically no natural enemies in the reservoir.
The peculiarity of its nutrition is connected with its body shape. When searching for food, bream is guided by the organs of sight, hearing, sideline, and especially the smell. This fish is very sensitive to odors, which is worth using, adding to the bait aromatics. But you should not go over the top, because a good smell of bream will immediately distinguish between a dirty trick and an unusual smell, and you will lose all poklevok in general. After the bream finds food at the bottom, it takes a vertical position in the water and draws it in with its mouth, working with its gills. After this, the bream straightens and moves to the side.
Pokovka on the float rod allows you to see this feature. When biting bream float never dives sharply down. Even if he pecks at half-waters while catching roach, he always lifts the float and drags him to the side. A large bream, capable of completely tearing the sinkers from the bottom, can generally lay a float on its side. Many other fish with a wide body shape – carp, crucian carp, silver carp behave in the same way.
Such a nature of fishing completely eliminates the bite of a large bream in shallow water. He simply will not be able to take the right position for eating, as he will not have enough depth, and therefore in such places you can find only a small white bream. In addition, you should use long leashes when fishing. Bream, when he picks up the nozzle and feels the weight of the sinker, just spit it out, and you lose the catch. The leash must correspond to the size of the fish caught and the hook must be at a great distance from the sinker, both in bottom fishing and in float fishing. However, it is not worth doing too long, as this will lose the sensitivity of the gear, and in feeder fishing the leash will lie too far from the feeder.
Wintering bream usually takes place in very deep places, from five meters or more. In such a depth eternal twilight reigns, smells in cold water spread badly. Metabolism in fish is slowed down due to low water temperature. However, sometimes bream goes to feed. It can be caught on winter fishing rods, jigs. At winter depths of 15 meters or more, in winter, bream can be caught in the half-aquatic. Actively bite for the most part small bream. Pokyovki serious bream at this time cautious or not at all. To correct the situation sometimes helps getting under the ice of warm water. Then the bream is activated and begins to feed a little more actively.
Equipment for catching bream on feeder and donku
These two methods are most suitable for catching this fish and are most popular among the breeders. For fishing, as already mentioned, it is necessary to apply long leashes. The size of the hook in this case must correspond to the nozzle, and the size of the intended production. It makes no sense to put an overly large hook, since even a large bream can be well caught and finely hooked due to the average thickness of the lip, which easily makes its way.
It is very important when fishing for bream to use bait or feeder. Even if it is impossible to throw in the same point, bait from the feeder gives an abundant smell of water in the water, which will attract the fish much faster and, perhaps, it will coax on the hook. The nozzle itself can not attract so much bream. Moreover, it is a schooling fish, which the more food – the more sense to go there. When fishing with feeder, high-quality starter feed helps, which puts the whole bream flock to the point, and when fishing for donku, I recommend using feeder feeders and making casts as accurately as possible.
Float fishing is carried out at close distance to the shore. With such a catch, you should choose the places where the brow is very close, and the fall is very steep. Often a good place can be found near the artificial embankment, under the steep ramp that is washed by water. On the river there are more promising points for fishing with float than on the lake, since the bottom relief there is more gentle, and there is a large beach near the shore. However, on the reservoirs there are many good places due to the artificial nature of the coast. A floater should pay more attention to small rivers, canals and channels, rather than trying to catch a bream with a bait on a lake or a vast river.
Feeder for catching on the current equip in the usual way. Use the rod from 3 to 4 meters, medium build, high enough dough, so that they can easily throw large, heavy, food-filled feeders. The reel must also meet the conditions of fishing. It is imperative to use two feeders – one zakormochnom, the second working smaller and weight, since the fall of a heavy feeder can scare away the bream. Usually both in the current and in stagnant water they use a braided cord. It gives good sensitivity and allows minimizing the effect of water jets and wind, as well as using lighter troughs.
Donka is often equipped with two hooks. But when catching bream, they use long leashes, and if you put two of them, they will be confused among themselves. Therefore, use the tooling type “rocker”. Snap on two hooks can be easily done by hand. It allows you to put two long leash on the donk, and they will not interfere with each other. The beam must be put on the swivel so that it does not twist the line when pulling out. A good two-hook rocker is lightweight and has almost no effect on the registration of bites. Understand how the rocker behaves, you can only in the process of fishing. It happens that it is easier to use one leash and hook.
Catching bream from a boat: bank tackle
Catching from a boat is usually more convenient than from the shore. You can use shorter rods, and you do not need to spend a lot of time looking for a place – all places in the reservoir where there can be bream are in good access just below the keel.
A can is a tackle for which a small short rod with a coil is used. This is usually an inertial reel or multiplier that allows you to pull out a heavy fish and throw a heavy feeder. The bank itself is a feeding trough, which is mounted on the line as a sliding weight. Initially, it was made from a tin can and stuffed with porridge, now other methods are used for manufacturing, it can even be bought in a store. Behind the feeder there is a section of fishing line with leads and hooks, usually no more than three of them. The line is rather thick, because the weight of the feeder can is rather large, plus the weight of the fish and the weight of the grass stuck to the tackle.
It is carried out from the boat in those places where the bream is supposed to be found. The echo sounder will help with their search, it will also find places where the bottom is not overgrown and you should not worry that the attachment will not be visible in the grass or it will constantly cling to it. During the tackle, you can simply drop down from the boat. In still water, only one hook leash is used, and the tackle is thrown a little further from the boat with a rod or hand. When lowering the bank goes under the boat, and a leash with a hook followed by a distance. As a result, it will not get confused, and you can catch comfortably.
A poklyovka signaling device when fishing on a can is usually a bell or a side nod. The fisherman stuffs a bowl with porridge, usually millet, barley or rice, and then baits his hooks and throws tackle. The alarm is installed, and waiting for a bite. Bream usually makes itself felt by snapping the rod, which is well felt by the hand. There is a bite and vyvazhivanie fish.
Baits and bait
When fishing for bream, vegetable nozzles and bait in the form of a worm, moldy worm or bloodworm are used. Quite often use a sandwich from animal and vegetable packings, or from two different animal origin. This is done from those considerations that the bait easily pulls off a trifle from the hook, or sits on the hook before the bream. To avoid this, a sandwich helps, when the worm is first planted on a hook, and then – maize, a bunch of grains of hercules, barley, macaroni or other food that can not be swallowed by small fish. Even if she ruffles the worm, she can not drag him away, because he is securely blocked by a vegetable attachment.
The main vegetable nozzles for fishing are those that are prepared on the basis of various cereals. First of all, it is semolina, which is used together with peas, preparing the so-called mastyrka, or independently. Then it is worth mentioning the oatmeal and pearl barley. Both of these grains are well kept on the hook, and it is almost impossible to pull them off the little things from it, if you swallow it whole. This makes them good nozzles when. It is worth mentioning such nozzles as potatoes, corn, pasta. They are prepared in various ways.
Corn is best to use one that is sold in banks. This is actually a finished nozzle, which you can immediately catch. Sometimes they use corn flour, from which they make a good nozzle using semolina, it also goes on to prepare a dessert for bream based on mashed potatoes. Macaroni themselves are made from the same raw materials as semolina, and bream perceives them as something nutritious.
– This is a worm, maggot and bloodworm. Use any other possible, but inappropriate. From available to the angler it is the larva of the caddis, the larva of dragonfly, and also some other larvae of aquatic insects that can be collected on the shore. However, for some reason, their attractiveness for bream is lower than that of the same earthworm, and they require special care, should be planted in the right way to look natural.
A worm is a nozzle that will work in most cases. Bream loves him, he often gets into the water after the rains and is a habitual food. Bloodworm is also to his liking, but he is very fond of ruff, roach, perch, and other fish, which may be in the same place as the bream and will not allow him to eat a hook with a moth. Maggots show worse results for the same reason. It resembles the larvae of aquatic insects and has a strong odor that bream finds attractive. However, when fishing for bream, trifle often sits on it than on a worm.
A special kind of worms that help cut off fines is shuras. Shuras live deep underground, and it is often difficult to get them in the summer. They come to the surface only when dew falls, and then at night. These worms have a diameter of up to one centimeter and a length of up to forty. Shurov impose on a tackle of two hooks. Only good bream can swallow them, and they are tasty food for him.