Not everyone likes the big Pets by type of dogs and cats. Some people prefer different hamsters and rodents. So, if you want a miniature, but at the same time, cute animal, then Djungarian hamster is an ideal option.
In addition, it is very playful animals, so drugarice perfect for families with children. The only drawback is that at night, the hamster may be unable to sleep and constantly repurchase in his cage.
This kind of hamsters in the wild may only occur in steppes and semi-deserts. In addition, hamsters-drugarice different from their other counterparts by the fact that they have a dark stripe on the back. After reading this article, of course, you will learn all about Djungarian hamsters, but get enough information about how to maintain them and what to feed.
What you need to know before you take home Jungaria
First, Djungarian hamster not only quickly gets used to the hands, but also quickly and wean. Therefore, animals need to periodically play. It is necessary first of all to my hamster run wild. Otherwise, the animal may become aggressive.
Secondly, this animal is among “family”. Therefore, hamsters do need a couple. Of course, gungari may be one, but a couple more chances that the animal is not feral.
A General description of the species
Djungarian hamster refers to a group of small rodents of the family Khomyakov. This species does not have a specific odor and, in General, is a pretty neat animal.
If to speak about the appearance of this animal, his height is about 5 cm and a weight of only 45 grams. Body length – 10 cm Feet of Jungaria covered with hairs, and on the back with dark stripes. They often have a gray color. Their fur can be visible white blotches. Jungert has a pointed muzzle, small ears. This rodent has a light belly, and the inside of the ears white. In summer, the fur of the hamster becomes a gray color, and in winter it becomes almost white. Answering the question of how many lives Djungarian hamster, I must say that the average lifespan is 3 years.
Recommendations for care and maintenance of Djungarian
Like any other animal hamster-gungari need to get the right care and good nutrition. Consequently, the rodent should always be a clean cage, a large area for living, intermittent physical activity and a balanced diet. The only way you will be able to provide a good life for your pet.
Cage for Djungarian hamster: tips for choosing
- As homes can be used not only cage, but also specially equipped aquarium.
- Should be prepared for hamster small shelter in his cage. It may be some kind of cave or house. These little buildings can be purchased at any pet store.
- Floors it is best to make sawdust. This option is great for all rodents. If not sawdust, then they can be replaced by ordinary paper.
- Mandatory in the cage should be a small play area for the animal. It may be different ladders, running wheel, or bridges.
Choosing a cage for your pet, you should consider the fact that it should be comfortable for the hamster. Optimal size: length – 50 cm width – 30 cm
The importance of sport in the life of a hamster
The animal should move and lead an active lifestyle. For starters, it is best to set running wheel. Ideally, goharik needs to move freely through the maze, slides and climbs. Moreover, you should pay attention to the fact that the cell should always be tooth sharpener. For that different branches or sticks.
What to feed Djungarian hamsters
Balanced diet is very important for proper growth and development of the organism. The hamster needs to get from food all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
Jungaria you can give such fruits and vegetables:
- dried corn;
- legumes – beans and peas.
In addition, rodent occasionally you can pamper different seeds and even boiled chicken or boiled eggs. Do not forget also about feeding special feed. It should be noted that in pet stores you can find special mixes of fruit for hamsters. But drinking water this animal is not very fond of. This can be explained primarily by the fact that in its natural habitat has no direct access to water sources. Despite the fact that the Djungarian hamster is drinking very little, in a cage should always be water.
Reproduction features of Djungarian hamsters
In the first place should pay attention to the fact that drugarice very well reproduce, and their broods are pretty large. So, the females may result from 1 to 11 young hamsters, which it will be fed milk. This period lasts about 19 days.
In captivity, these rodents can breed all year round, but in natural conditions they breed from March to September. A month after the birth of hamsters, they should be seated in different cells, while dividing them by gender. It is considered that since the 4 weeks in hamsters occurs puberty, but early pregnancy females may lead to her death.
The average gestation may last 18 to 22 days. At this time, a pregnant female needs to be in peace and quiet. This is to ensure that in a situation of stress, the female killed and ate their young. In addition, we should not forget that in this period females can be very aggressive towards the male.
It is very important before the birth it is good to disinfect the cage. Born hamsters strictly forbidden to touch and even to touch them. This is because the female can feel a strange smell and eat their offspring.
If we talk about the diet of young animals, should be gradually introduced into the diet of the females with small portions of protein foods. This can be boiled chicken, low-fat cottage cheese or boiled egg yolks.
Djungarian hamsters begin to be sold in pet stores at the age of 3-4 weeks. In this period it is already possible to determine the sex of the animal.
Djungarian hamster: possible diseases
Often Djungarian hamster can get injured during a bad fall. The main symptom of injuries – curved limbs. In addition, fallen from a great height a rodent may get a small shock. If this happens, then the hamster should be taken to the vet, who will examine the injury and depending on its severity, prescribe treatment. To avoid this happening to contain the animal should be in the safest possible conditions.
Such rodents can be exposed to viral infections. The symptoms are indistinguishable from symptoms of the disease in humans. Gungari begins to sniffle and sneeze. For your pet a quick recovery, you need to feed it fresh vegetables and fruit, he must get all the necessary vitamins. Thus, you increase the immunity of your pet.
In hamsters, as in humans, can occur conjunctivitis. If this happens, the eyes of the hamster should be washed with salted water. Cataracts can also overtake Jungaria. This age-related disease that is not treated.
Your pet may suddenly refuse to eat. One of the reasons is problems with teeth. The first thing to check is not broken off if the hamster incisors. Sometimes there are cases that the animal interfere with its long teeth. Then it is better to contact an experienced vet who can gently rasp them.
Sometimes hamsters may experience problems with the skin or hair. This is often diseases such as dermatophytes or eczema. They can occur due to frequent stress or allergies. Proper maintenance plays the key role.
To live in a hamster needs a cage of good material, which does not cause allergies.
It should also be noted that Djungarian can be got lice or mites. If your pet is constantly brushing her hair, it can be a true sign of the presence of insects. Before using any spray or aerosol, please consult a veterinarian.
As a result, it should be noted that only host depends on how many will live his favorite. Balanced nutrition, proper maintenance and daily physical activity ensure a long and happy life for your hamster.