Absolutely everyone being a happy owner of a pet for the cat family, sooner or later faces the problem of the strange behavior of their pet. At such moments people tend to get lost and start to regret that the animal can’t talk. How it would be easier, if your pet came and talked about what was troubling him, isn’t it? But alas, don’t have that, and you have to try to understand what’s wrong with this favourite ball… In this article we will talk about the major cat diseases.
Describe diseases of cats, their symptoms and treatment. Armed with this information, you will feel much more confident in case your pet will begin to behave “somehow”.
To begin, select the top signs that nubbin is going “wrong”:
- — poor appetite, refusal of food;
- — sudden weight gain or sudden loss thereof;
- — discharge from the nose and/or eyes;
- — aggression;
- — lethargy;
- — the increase or decrease in body temperature;
- — vomiting, diarrhea;
- — difficulty urinating or complete termination;
- — blood in the secretions;
- — redness, peeling of the skin;
- — the appearance of bald patches.
If you find the cat one or more of the following signs is reason to immediately see a specialist. Many diseases of cats cause a serious threat to the life of your pet!
- IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW! The normal body temperature of a cat is 37.5–39 C. young cats she is approaching the upper limit, while senior — to-bottom. The frequency of breaths the kitten is about 60 breaths per minute, with the young cats — from 22 to 24 breaths/min, older — 17 to 23 breaths/min pulse — 100-130 beats per minute.
Now let’s talk actually about the diseases of cats, symptoms and treatment. Describe the most common and dangerous diseases.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF CATS
Infectious diseases are classified as: bacterial, viral and fungal infections.
Among bacterial infections, the most common are salmonellosis and
Salmonellosis is caused by bacteria of the type Salmonella. This is a very serious disease dangerous to cats and to humans. The pathogen is not afraid nor cold, nor heat, is the virus persists for many months.
SYMPTOMS: the younger the cat, the more disease develops, whereas in adults occurs chronically, i.e., almost imperceptibly. In young cats the manifestation of the disease occurs within 1-3 days. The first sign is a sharp rise in temperature to 41 C. followed by a refusal to eat, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting. In the Calle can be present the blood. And they may experience seizures. Eyes and nose — purulent discharge. Possible cough. When acute course and is not provided in time assistance — cats often die.
TREATMENT OF SALMONELLOSIS. It is urgent to contact your veterinarian — a diagnosis can only put it, after the laboratory tests. A sick cat should be isolated in a separate room, to pay great attention to hygiene, avoid contact with other animals or children.
Infectious anaemia are of particular microorganisms belonging to the group of Bartonella. It is believed that they are widely distributed in animals but are mostly in “sleep” state and is transmitted through bites, scratches, etc. That the disease began to decline immunity cats with other diseases, pregnancy, etc.
SYMPTOMS: weakness, lethargy, weight loss, sometimes there is a yellowness of the mucous membranes and swelling in the lower parts of the body. To establish the diagnosis is necessary treatment to the vet — the disease is also detected by laboratory tests.
Infections caused by fungi — candidiasis, gistoplazmoz, cryptococcosis.
Of Contracting fungal diseases of the cat after any contact with spores of the fungus through the wound, along with the food when you inhale.
SYMPTOMS of INFECTION the type of CANDIDA are: vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite. Often found lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and conjunctivitis. The diagnosis is based on clinical examination and following laboratory studies.
Viral infectious diseases — infectious panleukopenia, rabies, calicivirus.
Infectious feline panleukopenia or feline plague is one of the most dangerous diseases of viral origin, mortality exceeds 90%. Agents — small DNA-containing parvoviruses, contained in the saliva of infected animals, secretions from the nose, in urine and feces. Viruses are very persistent, resistant to treatment, are also spread by water, food via utensils. Ill cats acquire lifelong immunity, but it is a very long time to be the virus carriers.
The SYMPTOMS of INFECTIOUS PANLEUKOPENIA: recognize this dangerous disease is quite difficult. since it affects almost all the organs. With lightning-fast form cat dies very quickly, with any symptoms not at all. In the acute form the symptoms are: lethargy. Loss of appetite, increased body temperature up to 41 C, vomiting, there may also be diarrhea or constipation. If the disease lasts more than 9 days — animal usually survives.
Treatment:TREATMENT is definitely an urgent appeal to the specialist. The first 2-3 days usually lead vitafel, fosprenil 0.2–0.4 mg/kg 3-4 times a day. On the course of treatment prescribed by the physician, depending on the state of the animal.
Rabies is caused by a virus from the family of micro viruses.
The SYMPTOMS of RABIES in CATS: there are several forms of the disease, when violent form — lethargy, poor appetite, a cat is trying to hide away from people fearfulness; in the paralytic form, the cat becomes very affectionate, but gradually growing concern, there is the sagging lower jaw, profuse salivation; in the atypical form — vomiting, exhaustion, bloody diarrhea. Unfortunately, to date, treatment for rabies exists, the animal must be euthanized, and the owner take a course of vaccinations against rabies.
Calicivirus — dangerous and severe disease affecting the Airways and the digestive system.
SYMPTOMS of CALICIVIROSIS in CATS: the first sign is a sharp rise in temperature to 40 C. the Mucous membrane of the mouth is covered with sores, and sometimes sores appear on the nose, loss of appetite, depression, salivation. The disease develops acutely, due to this, the symptoms appear immediately. Delaying treatment can not be — it will result in the death of a pet.
TREATMENT of CALICIVIROSIS in CATS: the Lesions in the oral cavity should be treated with a cotton swab dipped in the treatment solution (e.g. “Maximin”). It also instilled into the eyes and nose. You need to feed liquid food — you have to pour it by force, because the cat is likely to refuse to eat, due to the loss of smell. Now created a highly effective drug to combat this disease — “Fosprenil” — you need to get injections according to doctor’s prescription. Times a day to give medication “Lazawal” — against viruses and bacteria.
SKIN DISEASES AND DISEASES OF THE HAIR
Most diseases of cats associated with skin and hair caused by parasites — fleas, ticks, lice, Vlady.
SYMPTOMS: nervousness, constant scratching, excessive licking, biting. In the case of ear mites — dark brown RAID into ears. Fungal diseases, such as ringworm reddish bald spots, grayish scabs. Allergy — itching, redness, skin peeling.
TREATMENT OF FLEAS IN CATS. First thing you need to buy the animal using a special shampoo. Sometimes the procedure must be repeated. Then you need to handle pet dongdaemoon tool today such a great variety — a variety of sprays, oils, ointments, etc.
TREATMENT OF EAR MITES. The first thing is to clean the affected parasites patch of skin secretions and crusts — make it easy with a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide. The second stage drip ear medication (usually prescribed “bars”, “Amarain plus”, “Ciples”) and gently massage the ear near the base. Treatment shall appoint a veterinarian.
THE TREATMENT OF RINGWORM. You first need to see a specialist — no matter how simple seemed the disease, it can lead to blindness and even to the painful death of the animal. The treatment itself takes place using a special antifungal medications. The hair around the affected area should be cut off/shaved and in the affected areas, RUB prescribed remedy. Treatment of ringworm is a long process, and usually takes at least 30 days.
KIDNEY STONES CATS
Another dangerous disease that threaten life for the pet. It is also called urolithiasis. In this disease the organs of the urogenital system are formed stones or sand.
SYMPTOMS of kidney STONES CATS: depends on the form of the disease — can be absolutely invisible up to a certain point; in the other case, the first and the main symptom is bleeding in the urine pet urine is very difficult — an animal, how would straining, the cat becomes restless.
TREATMENT OF UROLITHIASIS. The diagnosis is only after laboratory studies and ultrasound. First, be sure to wash out the bladder through a catheter — the cat is under anesthesia. Followed by recovery period — dropper, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy. Animal necessarily translate on a special diet, give him a diuretic teas and regular tests.
We have compiled a list of the most common and dangerous cat diseases. Of course, there is much more. Remember, noticing the strange behavior of your pet, do not hesitate, seek help from a qualified! Health to you and your furries.