In québec, fishing is carried out mostly on public lands. However, there are a number of separate areas that have different characteristics in their use. The basic rules of the Quebec sport fishing apply there, but you also need to consider the numerous exceptions and additions for specific locations.
In a special way are also governed by the place of fishing for wild Atlantic salmon, but more on that in a separate article.
Pourvoirie (FR.- pourvoirie, eng.- outfitter) is a private company which offers various payment services and the right to use its infrastructure, created for recreational purposes: hunting, fishing, trapping. Pourvoirie provide services for accommodation, renting equipment, means of transportation, provide services of experienced guides. Also, the term “porvari,” refers to the territory that is used by this company. The analogue in the Russian language — the fishing and hunting base.
There are two types of pourboire: with exclusive rights or without them. The first is usually used by wildlife in the territories, its characteristics are similar to reserves and zones of controlled use. The second typically use public or private land. All network porvari has more than 600 companies, 30% of which have exclusive rights. Here you can explore the map, pervari with exclusive rights.
In some period of fishing, limit catch of salmon may differ from the rules of the fishing area in which they are located. In addition, the size limit of walleye and lake trout may not apply to all water bodies on site specific pourboire. Exclusive rights can be some of pourboire for fishing in small lakes (with an area of 20 hectares). Some pourvoirie allow you to catch rainbow trout and brook trout throughout the year. So before you travel somewhere pourvoirie need to clarify these nuances, i.e., whether it has any exclusive rights or on the territory of pourboire subject to the General rules of the fishing area.
In 1948. was created the Federation of pourvoirie québec (FPQ — La Fédération des pourvoiries du Québec), which is in accordance with the “regulations on tourist establishments” currently has more than 5 000 housing units. Depending on the compliance of the services provided, porvari klassificeret from 0 to 5 stars.
Currently, there are following types of tourist accommodation in pourboire:
2. Pavilion (FR.- pavillon, eng.- guest lodge): Wthe building with several rooms which can be separate kitchen and common room facilities. The pavilion is usually located next to the restaurant.
3. Family hotel (FR.-auberge, eng.- lodge): a building with two or more rooms, payment of which necessarily included and meals.
4. Residence (FR.- résidence, eng.- private residence): a building in which live the owners or employees, and where there are restaurant services.
6. Camp (FR.- camp, eng.- camp): a building may have a kitchen, otherwise a restaurant is nearby.
7. The boat hotel, or flotel’ (FR.- bateau-maison, eng.- houseboat): floating house, chalets or camp conditions.
8. Trailers (FR.- roulotte, eng.- caravan): stationary or stationary trailer with kitchen.
9. Sites for tents and temporary shelters (FR.- carré de tente et abri temporaire, eng.- framed tent square and temporary shelter): shelter made of fabric or solid materials.
The last five types also referred to low-budget camping or “hôtellerie de plein air”.
It should also be said that the activities of pourboire is regulated by “Law on the conservation and development of wildlife” (Loi sur la conservation et la mise en valeur de la faune, Section V. 1 — Pourvoirie. Art. 78.1).
2. The Region North Of Quebec
Some aspects of fishing in this region I described in the article “taiga fishing on indigenous lands in the region North of Quebec”. Importantly, for fishing in zones 17, 22, 23 and 24, you must comply with the law regulating fishing and hunting in the North of Quebec (Loi sur les droits de chasse et de pêche dans les territoires de la Baie-James et du Nouveau-Québec).
To fish on the lands of categories I and II, it is necessary to obtain special permits and follow the rules established by the authorities of indigenous peoples (Cree, Inuit, naskapi; FR.- cries, inuites, naskapies).
For catching of lake char prey to lake trout in the 23 area in the period from 8 to 30 September, you must use only valid, porvari. In zones 17, 22-24 allowed the use of only one fishing rods (spinning, fly fishing), but a bow, crossbow or harpoon is prohibited. In addition in zones 22-24 some species of fish, for example whitefish, reserved for the indigenous population.
3. Fishing ponds
Fishing ponds (FR.- étang de pêche, eng.- fish pond) — pond area of 20 hectares, containing only selected fish, closed from all sides so that the fish could not get in other reservoirs, and is specifically used for fishing. In these ponds, you can fish without a license throughout the year, without formal restrictions on fishing.
The owner of the pond organises fishing trips, usually providing your equipment and fishing rods, are often not allowed to fish with other gear in addition to their. Also do not typically allow the fish to release into the pond, i.e. You have to pick up all the fish You caught. The owners set prices in accordance with their own business model: a specific price for one fish or, for example, 1 dollar per 1 inch of fish. So before fishing it is necessary to know the value of fish and to limit their catch in this regard.
Often there are places to relax, picnic, fish can be directly to the cook immediately. On the I wrote in the article “Trout in the Park Écopêche“. Such places are good for families and education of children fishing, because they do not have to wait long to catch fish.
The owners of these ponds must have a license from the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food (ministère de l’agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’alimentation du Québec) to be eligible to sell to their customers caught them fish.
Fish farm (FR.- établissement piscicole, eng.- fish farm) is also often open at and fishing ponds. Fish farming (FR.- pisciculture, eng.- fish farming) is very popular in Quebec, especially for breeding trout and char.
For example, here is Étang de pêche Pisciculture Ludré. Others in addition to fishing ponds and offer different recreational services. For example, Martin-le-Pêcheur.
Below You can find fishing ponds around Montreal:
Aquabiotech, 936 Rte 141, Coaticook, J1A 2S5, 819-849-4440
Pisciculture Saint-Denis, 595 Rue Croteau, Saint-Denis-de-Brompton J0B 2P0, 819-846-4060
Les amis d’o, 236 Ch Fradet, Saint-Donat, J0T 2C0 , 819-424-5055
Pisciculture Tardif & Fils, 550 Rang Petit Beloeil, Saint-Côme, J0K 2B0, 450-883-1748
Aquaculture Blainville, 414, Côte Saint-Louis Est, Blainville, J7C 0V4, 450-435-2633
Le Martin pêcheur, 265 Avenue Canadienne, Sainte-Adèle, J8B 2J4, 450-229-7020
And here You can find a large list of fishing ponds and fish farms in different agricultural areas of Quebec. But the list is old, guarantee that all of them are, I can not give. At the bottom of the document, you can choose the area and already on the list to look for the pond.
4. Private land
Private land (FR.- propriété privée, eng.- private property) is an area which requires permission from the owner. After that, You can feel his guest. Despite the fact that this is private property, in these places the rules of sport fishing Quebec.
In some regions owners have reached an agreement with the Ministry of nature to the inspector catching those fishermen, who fish on their lands without permission (Bas-Saint-Laurent de l’estrie, de la Chaudière Appalaches, Centre-du-du-Québec, de la Montérégie et de la Capitale-Nationale). The same applies to organizations and associations that help the fishermen to access fishing on private land.
5. Public area wildlife
Public area wildlife (FR.- AFC, aire faunique communautaire, eng.- communal wildlife area) is a public body of water (lake or river), which for fishing are leased exclusive rights for purposes different from the activities of pourvoirie. These rights include a non-profit organization which is then responsible for the development of fisheries in the respective waters.
Public wilderness was established in accordance with articles 85, 86 and 86.1 of the “Law concerning the conservation and development of wildlife” (Loi sur la conservation et la mise en valeur de la faune). The management of these areas transferred to non-profit organizations that undertake special measures for the preservation and development of the biosphere.
The purpose of creating such zones is to attract local residents to improve recreational fishing, the conservation of the popular fish species, maintain a high quality operation of reservoirs. It also allows you to preserve and maintain the wildlife areas available for public recreational use.
To date, the Ministry of forests, wildlife and parks (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs) has signed 4 agreements on exclusive rights for fishing in the following areas:
To fish in Public wilderness areas must obtain a permit from the managers of their organizations. This can be done through their websites or place in respective porvari, or campgrounds.
6. National parks and wildlife reserves
Before you consider these areas of Quebec, should, in General, to highlight some of the differences in terminology and perception of the world. Despite the fact that some of the terms sound the same, yet they have different meaning.
In North America it is very popular careful attitude to the wild nature, visiting beautiful landscapes, created a network of different parks etc. In French, it can be summarized by the term “plein air”, and English “outdoors”. French “en plein air”, i.e. in the open air, entered the Russian language more as a “plein air” — the term for painting in the natural light. English “outdoors” means “outside, in the fresh air.” And though in Russian there is a concept of “fresh air”, most of it relates to walks, games, but not to formal organizations.
The analogue of these concepts I would consider “ecotourism” or “active rest”. According to the world wildlife Fund: “ecotourism is tourism involving travel to places with relatively untouched nature, in order to obtain understanding of the natural and cultural and ethnographic features of the area, which does not violate the integrity of ecosystems and creates such economic conditions under which the conservation of nature and natural resources is beneficial to the local population.”
Ecological tourism (ecotourism, green tourism) is a form of sustainable tourism, focusing on visits to relatively undisturbed by anthropogenic influences natural areas. It is the idea of harmony between recreation and ecology.
The term “national Park” we used to understand the territory where the protection of the environment human activities are limited. In Quebec, the “national Park” (FR.- parcs nationaux, eng.- national parks) is protected areas established by the provincial government of Quebec for the protection of natural areas or sites with exceptional characteristics, making them available to the public for educational purposes or leisure.
Currently, there are 29 national parks in Quebec, which cover an area of 37 444,91 sq. km. or about 2.2% of the province. In Quebec, both provincial and Federal Park called the “national Park”, i.e. “parc national”, only they have different governing bodies.
The word “reservation” (lat.- reservatio — saving) in the Russian language has several meanings: the preservation of something, leaving a reserve; and the territory set aside for the settlement of the remnants of the indigenous population. We will use this word in the first sense, as the notion of “reserve” excludes active use of it by man, especially hunting and fishing.
Wildlife reserves (FR.- réserves fauniques, eng.- wildlife reserves) is a hunting and fishing territory under the administration of the province. The purpose of these areas is the preservation, development and exploitation of wildlife, as well as practice outdoor activities. The total area of a network of 17 reserves is approximately 67 000 sq. km, 4 more reservations cover more than 500 km of salmon rivers. Such reservations may include, in accordance with certain rules and private possession.
The principle of equitable access (equal opportunity for all), priority is given to residents of Quebec when the demand exceeds the supply. The activities of these territories is regulated by “Law on the conservation and development of wildlife” (Loi sur la conservation et la mise en valeur de la faune).
March 20, 1985. the organization was established “Société des établissements de plein air du Québec” (Sépaq), i.e., “Society institutions active rest”. This is a public provincial organization that manages and owns 24 national parks, 13 wildlife reserves, part of the island, Anticosti (île d Anticosti) and 8 tourist agencies of Quebec. Its head office is in Quebec city.
To fish in a national Park or wildlife reserves, it is necessary to reserve your visit. It is also necessary, depending on the circumstances, get access right or permission to fish. Pay attention to dates, times and places specified in the permit.
After fishing you need to tell us about your fishing in a place specified for this purpose, putting their daily catches. To carry fishing gear in these areas, you should always have the right to access or fishing permits. In addition, the angler must submit a whole salmon, which he caught, for measurement and registration.
To reserve a one-day or multi-day fishing directly on the Sépaq website. And keep in mind that if there is no specific limit to the place You are going to visit, there are General rules of fishing zones.
7. Wildlife refuge
Refuge of the wild nature (FR.- refuge faunique, eng.- wildlife sanctuary) are formed in accordance with article 122 of the “Law on the conservation and development of wildlife” (Loi sur la conservation et la mise en valeur de la faune). This can be used by both public and private land, or both together.
Refuge of the wild nature creates to preserve various species of wildlife and their habitat, and to create special conditions for recreational activities. They met the special constraints that allow to preserve and develop wildlife and rare species or species that are threatened or vulnerable due to human activities.
Each shelter wildlife government established its own restrictive rules. Currently in Quebec there are nine. For example, Le refuge faunique de la Rivière-des-Mille-Îles or Parc de la Rivière-des-Mille-Îles in Laval not only helps to enjoy the wildlife, but also conducts various training activities fishing, which is very interesting for children, and also provides boat rental, canoe, etc.
Some private lands may also be called a “refuge faunique”, but they do not make any special boundaries, and this area is not subject to special rules. Currently, there are only two such shelters. One of them is the Refuge faunique Marguerite-D’youville on Ile Saint-Bernard (île Saint-Bernard) in Chateauguay.
Fishing in such places is strictly regulated by rules of access and presence on the territory of asylum.
Reserves (FR.- réserve naturelle, réserve écologique or réserve faunique, eng.- nature reserve or ecological reserves) is protected areas for wildlife conservation, research and education. This is the territory remaining in its natural state: swamp, bog, forest, pond, etc. Access to such areas is very limited, fishing in them is prohibited.
9. Sector Tsitsani-Romaine
A separate territory Sector Tsitsani-Romaine (Secteur Tshitassinu–La Romaine). Due to the fact that Hydro-québec decided to construct 4 power plants on the river Romaine (FR.- rivière Romaine, eng.- Romaine rive) it was agreed the preservation of certain lands. It was created Tsitsin Society (La Société Tshitassinu), which brought together Inuit employees Hydro-Quebec and residents of Minganie region.
In this area the rules of the zone sud 19, part B. in addition to that, you need to obtain the right of admission and the register of catches in one of the special kiosks. These documents are free. Also at the end of the day or at the end of the fishing will need to fill out a Declaration about fishing (Déclaration des’activités de pêche), in which it is necessary to list the date, location of fishing, number of fish caught and its weight.
All of the above allows you to save this sector for future generations.
10. Zone of controlled exploitation
Zone of controlled exploitation (FR.- zones d’exploitation contrôlée (ZEC), eng.- controlled harvesting zone) is a territory for hunting, fishing and recreation that can be found in Quebec. They are usually located on public land, but manage some non-profit organizations. They are responsible for the development, operation and wildlife conservation, self-financing, as well as easy access to territories for its members.
To fish in this area, you have to register and comply with the date, time and place mentioned in the registration document. This document must carry and provide upon request to the employee for the protection of wildlife, his assistant or Manager area. You can also place this document on the dashboard of your car, to read outside. At the end of the fishing, leaving the area, the registration document must be returned, and all fish caught is declared.
Just at the moment in Quebec there are 85 zones controlled operation: 63 for hunting and fishing, 21 for salmon fishing and 1 for hunting game birds. In addition to hunting and fishing some areas provide other recreational services.
On the website Zecs Québec you can find one of the 63 areas for fishing and hunting, of all of the details on a particular area, find the url and rates. These areas occupy more than 48,000 square km In contrast to other areas of wildlife, there is no need to pre-plan their stay or to book a place. Enough to come to the information Desk specific zone, to register, pay for membership and miscellaneous fees, and then immediately to go fishing or hunting. If at the end of the fishing Bureau will be closed, you definitely need to put a Declaration of catches in a special box. Next visit will be faster as You will already have designed membership.
When a person is in a national Park, wildlife reserves, in the public area of wild nature, in a zone controlled operation or any other water body, it may not be in possession of a number of fish more than the limit on catch to locations where it is found.