Lynx was produced in Russia, and at the moment a new one can be bought, but only from private traders. It is recommended to learn more about it before buying, in particular, about how to properly operate it.
Lynx is a model range of snowmobiles that has been produced by the Bashkir motor-building organization in the city of Ufa since 1991. A few years ago, the production of the snowmobile was discontinued, thereby curtailing the production of the Lynx snowmobiles.
The device can cover long distances on snowy roads. It tows sledges with loads of up to 250 kilograms, and it can be used for recreation or food production at temperatures up to -40 degrees.
Before starting, you need to check the operation of the device, namely the gas and brake control levers, then put the machine on the parking brake.
The cord of the device to quickly stop the power unit must be attached to clothing. After starting the engine, detach the parking brake lock.
- It is forbidden to overload the device, because this leads to the exit from the normal state of the variator belt, tracks and suspension elements, chassis and motor.
- It is impossible to operate the power unit at high speeds without loads that can occur when the belt breaks, towing in deep snow.
- It is required to prepare the fuel mixture in a separate vessel in the heat in compliance with safety requirements.
- It is important to run the snowmobile at least 300 km at a speed of no higher than 45 km / h, without additional cargo (passenger). It is recommended that during the break-in sometimes accelerate vehicles to 60 km / h.
- It is sometimes important to double-check the quality of the candles so that there is no burning of the electrodes and maintaining a gap between them.
Preparation for working condition
After unpacking the transport, you must perform the following steps:
- install skids;
- attach a protective visor to the hood;
- rotate the steering wheel.
To attach the skis to the racks, you need to put a support under the front half of the snowmobile, which will reliably support the device at a height suitable for bringing under the ski racks.
Bring the battery into working condition, taking into account the information from the instruction manual. Replace the battery and connect the appropriate cable lugs to the terminals.
Storage of the battery: turn off and remove the power source, and before installing in storage, charge, check the electrolyte level and its density.
Fuel for the engine includes gasoline and oil in the proportion shown by the manual.
Prepare the mixture in a clean container in the sequence:
- Pour half of the gasoline and oil volume (exact proportions according to the model and instructions), and then mix.
- Add the remaining gasoline and mix again.
- Using a funnel with a filter element, transfer the mixture with fuel from the vessel to the tank.
It is important to prevent water from entering the tank. Fuel should be filtered through a suede filter. At the end of the filtration process, suede is shaken off and dried. At the end of the procedure, a cap is screwed onto the neck of the tank.
First, check the operation of the throttle control lever and crank the engine by gently pulling the starter handle a couple of times with the ignition off. After that, put the cap on for a quick stop on the sphere, and pull out the button in working condition, turn the key to the right until it locks. The cord must be connected to the clothes with a carabiner.
To facilitate starting at temperatures below -25 degrees, you need to turn the fuel corrector knob up, and after warming up the engine, return it to its original state. When starting the motor, the headlamp must be turned off.
Turning on the engine at a temperature of -30 or below, you need to do this:
- turn out candles;
- calcine on a sheet of metal with a blowtorch;
- pour cylinders of 10 ml of purified gasoline;
- install the candles and turn on the engine.
When starting with a manual starter, you need to gently pull the handle until resistance is felt, and then pull sharply, return the handle to its original state, holding it with your hand. If the start does not occur, then pour gasoline into the carburetor and repeat.
It includes the following models:
- Sport 121.
|Model||Advantages and disadvantages|
|119||Among the positive qualities can be noted a comfortable position of the steering wheel: it does not touch the knees even when performing maneuvers and entering dangerous turns.|
Among the negative qualities of this modification, the following is noted: a small engine resource and a decent fuel consumption.
|Model||Advantages and disadvantages|
|440||Among the positive qualities of the Lynx 400 are the following: unpretentiousness, high speed, low consumption, the presence of a windshield, a powerful power unit, low cost relative to similar models, heated handles, a capacitive trunk at the back, and the presence of instruments: speedometer and tachometer.|
Among the negative qualities of Lynx 440: candle wear, a problem in the operation of valves and carburetors.
|Model||Advantages and disadvantages|
|500||Pros : availability of heated steering; robust construction; the availability of all spare parts in the public domain on the market; high build level; low consumption of oil and fuel fluid; high maneuverability and cross-country ability.|
Negative qualities: problems with the transmission chain.
|Model||Advantages and disadvantages|
|121||The Sport 121 caterpillar has high lateral stability , its shape provides the perfect combination of optimal speed qualities, improved handling and safety.|
Cons: the suspension and the engine fail, the radiator belt and tracks quickly wear out.
Model Lynx 119 belongs to the class of tourist vehicles. It is distinguished by a powerful engine and a high level of design reliability, maneuverability.
The device is equipped with a push-pull power unit with an forced-type air cooling system. The engine of this transport is made taking into account the environmental standard of Euro-3 fuel. The maximum speed is 90 km / h. The dashboard reflects only two parameters: speedometer; gas level sensor.
The caterpillar mechanism of the machine is made of rubberized material and equipped with rods, which will help increase the period of its use.
The 4-stroke power unit is cooled by penetrating snow into the intake device. If you drive for a long time in an area with a small amount of snow, engine overheating may occur.
The snowmobile is equipped with a gearbox with 6 gears, a powerful two-stroke engine is installed. The vehicle is capable of towing a tow hitch, the mass of which does not exceed 250 kg.
A motor from a Japanese manufacturer is installed here, the engine is made in accordance with the international environmental standard Euro-3. The tracked device is made of rubber and fabric and is equipped with a reinforced rod.
The starting system is powered by an electric starter, which helps to start the unit even at low temperatures.
This snowmobile has been released in several versions.
We suggest you familiarize yourself with them:
- 500+. This version is presented in the form of a tourist car, but not working. It uses a caterpillar track, the width of which is 500 mm – this ensures good cross-country ability on different surfaces. In the basic configuration for this modification there is an electric starter.
- 500M This unit is the basic version with a modernized front part, instead of the old carburetor, a carburetor with the 1st camera made in Japan of the Mikuni type was mounted. The basic configuration for this modification includes an electric starter.
- 500MP. This modification has an improved hood and a single-chamber carburetor. In this version, a gear type gearbox was mounted. Externally, the device is completely identical with the previous modification. The basic equipment for the 500MP modification includes an electric starter.
The sports version is shortened. Due to this, the device added to maneuverability.
The tracks of the Lynx Sport 121 snowmobile are created with an improved power core – this gives certain guarantees of the high reliability of the developed design.
Lynx specifications (averaged data)
Despite many shortcomings, there are good indicators.
The average technical characteristics of the Lynx snowmobiles:
- passenger capacity;
- dimensions: 3200 mm, 1240 mm, 3200 mm;
- caterpillar: from 380 to 500 mm;
- weight up to 280 kilograms;
- tank of 18 liters.
- running parameters: rail and spring suspension, lever and spring ski suspension, HUS. Holder with front drive sprockets, screw tensioning mechanism for HUS, ski support and rotary type.
- type: two-stroke, two-cylinder for models 113 and 119, 4-stroke for 500 and 440;
- fuel – A92 gasoline (carburetor device);
- the volume of the power unit is from 431 to 440 cubic meters. cm.;
- power from 38 to 42 liters. from.;
- cooling: air, forced;
- fuel consumption: 20 liters per 100 km;
- speed from 60 to 90 km per hour.
The Sport 121 model has a high glass with a fringing that protects the driver from the incoming air flow, and there is also an electric heated handle. The device is equipped with a tachometer and a large trunk. The machine can tow a sled weighing up to 250 kg. The caterpillar made of rubberized material has reinforced rods.
The transmission, depending on the specific model, can be an automatic device, stepless and V-belt. Special equipment reverse gearbox. Depending on the version, the transmission of torque to the main shaft can be of the following types: chain or gear.
Disadvantages of a Snowmobile Lynx
Before buying, it is recommended to find out about the main disadvantages:
- chain gearbox;
- large turning radius;
- stiff suspension;
- fuel system.
Lynx owners, in particular the 500 model, have problems with the transmission chain. It must be regulated very often: first after passing 25 km, and then 50 km, when running, then after 150 and every 300 km. After purchase, for 2 years of operation, the chain in the gearbox, the bolt on the ignition system may break.
Despite the good technical characteristics, the engines fail. The reason for this is wear.
B ashche all owners face such breakdowns:
- increased fuel consumption;
- increased oil consumption;
- reduction in engine power.
Another cause of problems is carburetors, after the manufacturer switched to Japanese, most of the malfunctions disappeared on their own.
The snowmobile begins to stall when there is no spark, with correctly working candles, the coil may be the cause of the malfunction. The owner will be able to replace these items.
Fuel system: malfunctions
Improper fuel supply and increased or low gasoline consumption are signs of a malfunction of the gas pump; to clean them, you need to clean the part well.
The positive quality of domestic snowmobiles is a quick and inexpensive repair, which does not cause problems. Original parts for an all-terrain vehicle can be bought at many automobile stores, while some of them are similar to motorcycle parts.
What is the most successful Lynx snowmobile model
Modification 119 is the most popular, having passed all the tests and has proven itself on the positive side. The owners noted the good side of the wide caterpillar, demonstrating good off-road capabilities, which has become useful to hunters, border guards, geologists.
Model 119 passed all the necessary tests. Lynx 119 is suitable for difficult operating conditions, has good cross in deep snow, is maneuverable and dynamic.
Model 119 Snowmobile – a deep modernization of 113, which was developed on the basis of the foreign Arctic Cat. Manufacturers admitted that the copy was unsuccessful due to the fact that the motor did not hold a high load in harsh conditions. As a result, the question arose of producing updates to 113 models.
In car 119 there are major changes relative to the previous model. Updated transport has become like a tourist, which means a high level of endurance and high quality. Engineers decided to reduce the working volume of ICE to reduce gasoline consumption, power and windows were increased.
How to Improve the Lynx Snowmobile
Often, a cooling system needs to be modernized. If the fulfillment of all requirements for changing the oil, adjusting various systems does not give a result, it is recommended to refine the engine cooling system yourself. The easiest way out in this situation is to insulate the exhaust system with insulation. The meaning of this is that the air does not heat up through the manifold, in addition, this method reduces noise. The silencers of foreign-made apparatuses are initially packed, consisting of materials with a high degree of noise absorption. The right decision is to make a separate inlet to the air intake or heat shield to protect against the negative effects of the muffler.
Now it is necessary to improve engine cooling and lower the temperature of the cylinders, in general, install a screen between the output type manifold and the engine cylinders. The objective of such a device is to cut off the air in the cylinders and to protect against additional heating. If there is no such solution, it is recommended to use this method: make a plate and install it, regardless of the brand of the snowmobile. The design effect is noticeable even without the use of electronic temperature sensors of the power unit. The thermal stress of the cylinders is especially reduced.
The latest refinement of the cooling system is to increase the speed of the impeller of the device that moves the gas. It is necessary to change the dimensions of the pulley and at the same time use the abnormal dimension of the fan belt, for this improvement you need to contact a specialist and be able to choose a fan belt.
Prices on the official website
Depending on the modification, this criterion may be different.
Therefore, it is recommended to finally make your choice in favor of a certain model, taking into account the prices of modifications:
- 500+ – 100 000;
- 440 – 82 000;
- 119 – 100 000;
- 121 – 83 000.
You can buy a Lynx snowmobile only from private owners, there is no official website, but you can find a new model from owners who have not used or almost never used the device.