Universally known to all lovers of fishing bream – bottom-dwelling (sedentary) fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. It is very widely distributed in many rivers and lakes in Central and southern parts of Russia, in Western Siberia, in Transbaikalia, in the Central Asian republics, Ukraine and Belarus. Loves running, not cold water with a slow current. Not very fan of fast cold river with a rocky bottom topography.
Bream belong to the category of fish that is usually kept in one favorite place. If it is not flush noise, it lasts a long time in this place and it never leaves. Chooses deep mud pits, creeks with clay depressions and ditches. The bream excellent sense of smell, it finds food at night. Constantly kept in the deeper layers, and only when the mayfly flies, bream flocks rises up and is very noisy splashing.
The appearance of bream well remembered. The body is high, laterally strongly compressed (like a piece of a wide Board); its head is small, mouth is relatively small, but the lips have the ability to move (in a tube). This gives him an opportunity to get food from the bottom layer of silt. Back in bream (neck) sharply raised up. This is especially noticeable in large individuals (fishermen often these bream called “lopatniki”). The upper part of the caudal fin is much shorter than the lower. Adults have a weight of 800-900 grams to 4 kilograms. The body length of bream is rarely more than 45 inches. (Although, at the mouth of the don, the Oka and the Volga, near Ulyanovsk and Samara, you can find bream up to 75-80 cm in length and weighing about 7-8 kg.).
Juvenile bream (less than 700 grams) are called skimmers. They usually have a silvery-white color. But adults breams gradually darken and become dark brown color with Golden yellow tint.
Bream is extremely cautious and shy. He absolutely does not tolerate background noise. He slowly and quietly digging in the bottom mud, looking for his favorite food: insect larvae, worms, bloodworms, various molluscs and small crustaceans. Love bream on soft algae and slugs which adhere to the leaves of aquatic plants. Very good bream is millet porridge, mastyrka with a faint odor of flavoring (usually anise or sunflower oil), manure worms, balls of semolina and black “Borodino” bread.
Bream. How to catch bream. Tackle for bream.
Bream can be caught a variety of techniques (open water, with ice, at night and daytime with shore and boat, etc.). So and tackle for catching this fish is varied but the most common are: fishing with bottom fishing (with the feeder), on a float and jig. Usually fishermen often use a bottom bait with a feeder, which is a spring of soft wire, is wound with such a step that when casting gear, food from the spring after the impact of the water spilled, the feeding place of the cast. Feeder charge usually millet porridge with the addition of semolina and a few drops of flavoring. It is very well attracts bream. At the end of the rod should be put sensitive nod (many do it out of flat springs inserted in army hats). Coil is better to use instantaneous with the stock fishing line 75-80 meters. The main condition – the color of the line should match the overall color of the seabed in the fishery. Bream are very cautious when approaching the nozzle. Habitat and feeding flocks of bream is always possible to determine the chain of bubbles rising to the surface. It is a sure sign that the fish is in this place.