Smarita — Smaris smaris (Linne), sea bass; pickarel (eng.); maridi (Bulgarian. and ROM.); smaris, (gr.); picarel (FR.).
This little fish squad okuneobraznyh in the Crimea also called sea bass. And the truth is, it is in General very similar to his brother. Smarita has a retractable mouth with numerous small teeth. Between rays of dorsal and anal fins, webbed, blue specks. On each side of the body above the base of the pectoral fin is located on the dark spot. Strays in the pack largest individuals. White perch, the so-called “chaplik” or “red”, with brownish stripes across the body, reaches a length of 10-12 cm Blue rockfish, received the common name “black” because of the blue similar stripes, grows up to 15-17 cm Strip from a drowning fish are rapidly disappearing.
Lives in Black sea, the Kerch Strait and the South-Western part of the Azov sea. Spawning in may-June, portions. It feeds on small invertebrates, algae and fishes
Body elongate, its height is approximately equal to the length of the head. Dorsal fin single, its height usually more than half of body height. The teeth on the sky there. Mouth can greatly extend forward as a tube. Lateral line 71-82. Gill rakers on first arch 25-30. Vertebrae 22-24.
Related forms. Live in the Mediterranean and in the Eastern part of the Atlantic ocean.
Distribution. The Atlantic ocean. The Mediterranean and the Black sea. Comes in the South-Western part of the Azov sea.
Smarita — a purely marine fish, however, comes (single) in the lower reaches of rivers (Tsemes and other rivers of the Caucasus) within the influence of marine waters.
Males and females are very different in size, colour, size of eyes, length of the fins and other features.
Spawn. In the Black sea occurs in may and June, in the Mediterranean sea in April-may, near the coast. The body of the male acquires during the spawning season bright coloring, in the form of blue bands.
The fertility of maridi from 6 to 63 thousand eggs.
Development. Mature ovarian eggs have a diameter up to 0.7 mm. Eggs demersal, deposited at the algae on the bottom. Larvae length of 3.5-5.8 mm meet in July; in August the larvae reach the 21-24 mm in September 34-52 mm.
Growth. Smaidi the males reach a length of 19.4 cm and a weight of 82 g, females -15,7 cm and 45
The industrial catch is dominated by males aged 3 to 7 years, length 11-16 cm and a weight of 10-40 g, and females aged 2 to 4 years, with a length of 8-12 cm and a weight of 5-20 g.
Males become sexually Mature in their fourth year, with a length of 12 cm (unit already in the second year, at a length of 7.4 cm), females — third year, at a length of 9 cm.
Smarita consumes a variety of foods: algae (Rhabdonema adriatica, Enteromorpha, etc.), crustaceans (mainly Acartia clausi, Oithona nana, Leander, Gammaridae, Mysidae, Idothea, Balanus), worms-polychaetes, fish (anchovy, sand eel) and demersal eggs gobies and other fish.
The most intensively feeds smarita autumn and winter, in may-July the feeding intensity is lowered.
Enemies. Winter smaidu in significant amounts eats Beluga.
Smarita in large quantities suitable to the shores of the Caucasus in the spring and fall. The spring approach starts from the moment the water temperature of 9-10° and continues as long as the water is heated up to 20°. Then smarita departs from the coast at depth.
Autumn smarita suitable at a water temperature of 12-16° and migrate when the temperature drops, SSE 9-10°. Spring spawning, the approach usually begins with the first decade of April and lasts until mid-June, autumn occurs from September to December.
Off the coast of Crimea smarita held often in the summer. Off the coast of Romania the basic approach, apparently, happens in August.
FISH FOR MARIDI
The value of small. Special fishing setName guns no is produced as a by-catch. Has value as an object of sport fishing. Just caught maridi in the Black sea is about 2-3 thousand quintals, of which 0,1-0,95 thousand quintals produced in Russia (1920-1939). the coast of the Caucasus and Crimea.
Technique and the course of the fishery. Catches (as bycatch), the mentors (typically 5-8 kg, but sometimes up to 100 C at a time), as well as scrapers, Venter, deptname etc. Very well caught at the bait with a small hook, nastlannym a small piece of meat shrimp or Gar — three or four hours of fishing is produced up to 45-50 kg of maridi.
The main fishing is in the spring (may-June), over depths up to 15 m, on a smaller scale in the fall.
Use. A significant part of the catch is used for the manufacture of canned (in oil and in tomato sauce). Part is sold in the local markets in fresh form. A small portion salted.
Small chaplik is a relatively sedentary fish, which are fished in the coastal area from spring to autumn. Biting it gently, often osipava the nozzle. His need to catch the half cleaned raw shrimp, a piece of sea worm, using the light tackle. Where there jutted into the sea breakwaters or piers, it is better to catch a fishing rod designed for long casting. This is good to use match rods. You can catch the telescopic “stick”, but the latter should be well balanced with a light spinning reel and have the choke ring. Usually for long casting suitable “telescopes” no longer than 5 m On the coil must have at least 70 m monofilament line with a diameter of 0.18–0.23 mm, leash – 0,14–0,17 mm. Float kamagrajelly, with a test from 5 to 10 g. As far fishing is usually carried out at depths exceeding 5 m, it is necessary to use a sliding float mount. The lower fulcrum when mascalzoni down (during dredging gear out of the water) float butet to serve small 1-2 gram olive, mounted on the fishing line immediately above the 20-30-cm leash. This additional olive is necessary for pulling the fishing line and, accordingly, delivery of the bait in the bottom water layers, as well as additional shipping float. Hook for small caplike No. 4, 5-6, with a long forearm. His color does not matter. To a piece of sea worm, the fish do not hit on the line, the spatula or the ring of the hook need to put a limiter – cut red cambrica, whose color attracts fish.
Larger chaplik and bruise make seasonal migrations, coming to the coast, usually only in spring and autumn (mass approach first in September-October and the second in late April-early may). Both greedily grabbed the bait.
Great bite of large czaplicka happens to dawn at depths of 8-15 m. Better if such areas are distant from the shore to 800 m. Usually a gaggle of snappers olubowale hole on level ground and rests on it. Finding a place can be, in simple terms, ablowitza. When fishing on a light layer, which hooks baited with shrimp or cutting of the fresh fish, usually pulled several perch.
Such pits are swarms of summer residents like maridi sometimes for a long time, so you need to pinpoint the targets location. When searching for flights czaplicka should also focus on underwater banks. If there are some nearby hills, then the best place is often between those banks which are closest to each other.
If you are searching for shoals of herring and horse mackerel anglers try to go to sea with a group of boats and fish together, Okuneva fishing often happens on the contrary: the finder of the pack would not let close to other. Bass has held fairly locally for a long time while in the chosen stretch of sea, and since the catch is usually laid, there is a risk that gathered near the boat mix up their gear and anchors.
Rate tiers for catching of maridi from five to seven hooks. At the ends of the stakes set wartlike preventing twisting of the fishing line. Sinker streamlined shape weighing 100-150 g. the Thickness of the main fishing line and the bet is 0.33–0.35 mm, leash – 0.15–0.2 mm. the Last 5-7 cm long, they tie at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. Hooks with a long forearm №№ 5-7. When fishing on the layer use the rod fast and ultra-fast system, with a length of 2-3 m. the inertial Reel baitcasting or large, type “Neva”. The stock of the main line – up to 70-80 meters
In September-October is a productive fishing major caplike the piers and breakwaters. In one season I had the opportunity in Sochi to get on this fishing. Pecked chaplik on the pier from dawn and until, until they began to walk “Missiles”. For a couple of hours had managed to catch a bucket of well-fed perch. And it was interesting to watch how the waves rises a string of rods as the movement of the pack along the pier: that the bite weakened visible, perch departed on the depth — waiting for the in your direction will begin to move a new wave of this kind of waves…
As for catching the water is good to use a lightweight telescopic pole. Optimal length of 6-8 m. Long rods allow you to fish at depths of 5-7 m with a fixed mount float, which greatly simplifies the equipment and increases its sensitivity. For fishing rod with a blank snap-in is not necessary to have the coil. Sufficient to secure the fishing line on the end ring. Since smarita – fish of smaller sizes, limit absorber is not needed. If this rod is used with several short snap leashes above the limit sinkers, the need to limit the shock occurs because when you approach a good pack all hooks as previo, are studded with fish.
For odnorazovoe a dull snap use the float test 2-5 g, depending on depth of fishing and size of the waves. As shipping is better to use five or six pellets, placing them at 15-20 cm from each other and setting with decreasing mass in the direction of the hook. Hook size No. 5-7, depending on the size of maridi and size of the nozzle.
For deaf mnogokrjuchkovye float tooling designed for fishing with pier, a float is used with the test from 5 to 12 g. end the sinker is attached to the main fishing line (diameter of 0.25–0.27 mm) through the swivel. Leashes no longer than 3-5 cm join the main fishing line fishing knot so that the end with the hook pointing up. Hook the leash attached before the latter is secured to the main fishing line. The distance between the leads should be 25-30 cm Mnogokrjuchkovye tackle should not have more than five leashes, otherwise fishing is complicated due to entanglement of gear, also have to put the bait.
Fishing near piers and breakwaters is carried out both at half depth and the bottom. In the absence of biting you need to change places to “find” the pack.
Sometimes, smarita comes in small shoals in bays and ports. Here, and in other relatively shallow areas, you can catch the fish using a bait of minced seafood. Any low-value marine fish with the meat of mussels and rapanov scroll through a meat grinder. Then mix the minced meat with fine sea sand. In the process of catching the first bites of maridi begin to moderate amounts to throw the bait. Following this methodology, you will soon gather near a large number of this fish.
Sometimes you catch Maridu and bottom rods. By the most efficient fishing will be in English easy bottom fishing – picker-quivertip. This rigging has absorbed all the best from of float and bottom fishing rods. The rod, equipped with throughput rings and a lightweight spinning reel that has a replaceable vershinki different elasticity, which are installed depending on the fishing conditions (depth, excitement, wind, etc.). The main line is quite thin, for catching of maridi enough of 0.14 mm, 0.12 mm. leashes Snap-in is typical as a conventional donkey: I put two or three short leash every 25 cm above the fairly light weights (25-35 g), which is attached to the end of the line through the clasp that prevents twisting.
A Piker with a thin snap-in, it is difficult to make long casts, so this tackle is better to fish where the angler will be near maximum depths. In calm weather it is possible to catch the picker with one or two moored boats. Under other weather conditions the optimum place for fishing far in the sea projecting piers and breakwaters, which are abundant near the seaside towns. In addition, the various shoals of fish, often going close to the rocks, where they often are met submarine ridges, Islands, and sudden changes in depths.
If fishing takes place on rocky or overgrown with algae bottom, where often there are hooks, bulk fishing line we have to put thicker, up to 0.3 mm, and therefore slightly increase the thickness of the leash and the weight of the sinkers. Durable tooling needed for the mobile Piker-quivertip, designed for casting of 50-70 m in Order to avoid breakage of the tackle when casting, just above the leash is tied strong leader length up to 5 m. It can be inset from the thin braided fishing line or thicker monofilament line.
The connection of the leader to snap and the main line should be smooth, to avoid strong braking while passing through the rings, so the joints made in the manner of a fly, with an additional compensating winding. Long-range picker, you can quickly sh in the large stretches of water. As the swarms of samariy when approaching banks still prefer to stick to the depth, the casting should be done on a site where there is at least 5-8 m. For catching on the picker need to choose the bottom, free from large accumulations of algae and heaps of stones, otherwise avoid snags and breakage of tackle. As in the mountainous Crimea and the black sea coast of Caucasus, numerous pebble beaches are rather narrow strip shoals (usually from 20 to 50 m), which, as a rule, there is a sharp decrease in depth, they are quite suitable for catching long-range picker. It is desirable to make plays on the edge, along which the fall often feeds on the weed. Of course, you always need to focus on special areas of the eyebrows. It may be protrusions, depressions and the like elevation changes