Bleak is a small, widespread in our waters fish. The reason for the strange name is sticky fish scales.
Bleak in European countries was larger than the other species. With The Exception Of Southern Europe. Bleak does not tolerate harsh climate. Therefore, it is not found in the Siberian and Turkmenian waters.
Still don’t know how this asshole has crossed the Ural mountains and have mastered the waters of the slopes of the Urals.
We have a bleak included in the fish fauna of almost all types of reservoirs. Especially this fish a lot in lakes and flowing ponds.
In winter, this small fish adheres to the deepest places with slow flow. In urban waters the flocks of fish often are in the sewers.
Large flocks are uncommon for bleak, as they attract predators.
Bleak as the food product is characterized by wonderful taste. Produced from delicious sprats.
The average length of an adult is equal to 20-25 cm, weight 50-60 g.
Body color bleak silver. The hue of the dorsal and caudal fins darkish, and rest – dark — reddish. Fish protects small and easy-to-clean scales.
The bleak prefers 80-cm depth.
In good weather can often be seen jumping out of the water a trifle, because of its diet consists partly of various midges flying above the water surface of the reservoir. It is noteworthy that the perch is very voracious. And this despite its size!
Bleak eats flies, mosquitoes, eggs, vegetation… In the stomachs of harvested bleak sometimes there are even fragments of various leaves, twigs of shrubs and trees.
It is noteworthy that bleak and active at night, as after sunset, a lot of mosquitoes. Here’s another interesting feature bleak. As you know, before the downpour, many fishes are hiding that is not peculiar to the bleak – continues to hunt for insects. This is probably due to the fact that because of the wind and the rain the water falls are many insects included in the diet of bleak.
The following feature bleak – intensive reproduction. Lay off the caviar is small, but its a lot.
Sexual maturity of this fish reaches to age two. The spawning lasts from the company’s final decade of March until mid-June.
The optimum temperature for spawning is 10-15 deg. Bleak narastaet more intense during clear weather. The first puzzled spawning adult fish, and then fish the younger age categories. The incubation period for calves lasts about 14 days.
Typically, the bleak live to 7-8 years of age.
Bleak as the object of Amateur fishery
As a rule, the fishermen believe that this small fish is not worthy of the title “the object of anglers”. Many did not hesitate to leave the place, which makes itself felt bleak. At the same time fishing for bleak is a very interesting hobby that requires the angler not only knowledge of the habits of the fish, but also a certain dexterity and skill.
Interesting proposal: if you and your friends feel about the fishermen who catch fish and immediately release it, that is just for fun, why don’t you form a team, and next weekend I go to the nearest pond with bleak not to make a competition. Believe me, this is a very interesting and exciting event. In addition, you can come up with a system of rewards anglers who caught more fish. To come up with a prize for the nomination “a specimen”.
Bleak is good because it is easy to find. Fish place can be identified by the circles on the water.
To start better with the Yam and turns. The quieter the flow, the more likely in places bleak. In the fall we can focus on predators, as their behavior at this time of year often indicate that the Parking lot is bleak. Another advantage of bleak – if it is in some place, it will be here the whole year.
One of the keys to an enviable catch – well chosen place. For productive fishing you will need bait, which is preferred bleak.
The basic requirements for catchability tackle:
2. The small diameter.
4. Thin tip.
5. Length summer of the fishing rod is 2-3. 5 m, and the fall is 4-5 M.
6. The rod without crossing the rings and coils, as in the intense bite they will quickly tire the hand.
7. Small, slender, 1-3-gram float.
8. Fishing line diameter of 0.1 mm. High and 0.12 mm.
9. Small and thin hook with a long forearm.
The priority of bait – maggots, bloodworm or so-called sandwich. Some experienced fishermen use dough. And fishing, they just take the flour and semolina. To the flour add a little river water, a little monkey. All of this is made until a viscous homogeneous mass, then the dough is filled with 20-millimeter syringe. Viscous sticky hands on the dough is extruded from the syringe and screwed on the hook. Instead of a syringe, you can use any thread, which is wound dough, and then on the hook. This bait, if you use proper gear, slowly lowered to the specified depth.
It is desirable that the bait was sinking as slowly as possible. In this respect, the dough is best suited for this role. Prevajanje – a rare necessity. If you do decide to use bait, it is better to use river sand. Bleak – a very curious fish, and a cloud of dregs couldn’t be better to attract it to the bait.