The most important thing to know when fishing in the cold autumn season is that you need to catch with the use of bottom gear at a greater depth than in summer. In October, bream leaves the coast, which is no longer so rich in food.
With the onset of frosts, the water in the shallow water becomes colder than at depth, the plants die off. All this is aggravated by the fact that the water level in rivers and lakes is usually lowered, the coastal areas, which used to be a favorite place to look for food for bream, are exposed.
This can not be said about the reservoir. In most cases, on the Volga, Don, Dnieper and other large reservoirs of our rivers the water level remains about the same, so the bream, although moving from shallow depths, can still be found on coastal areas with sufficient depth where the water does not cool down overnight bottom. For example, places for fishing on the Volga in the late autumn will differ little from summer in those places where it is regulated – that is, almost everywhere downstream.
When fishing from the shore, it is worthwhile to completely abandon the float rod and small rivers. Of course, it leads to good results in early summer, when the bream goes into small rivers and even streams. Fishing for bream float is an exciting activity that requires both skill and patience. However, small rivers grow shallow above all. Although the autumn flood does occur, it is clearly not enough to raise the water to a level so that the bream can feel comfortable.
Sometimes it can be found in deep pools, where the depth has not changed much. There he is waiting for good water to go downstream. Usually these are small flocks, and it is difficult to hope for a serious catch in such a place – it may not be there. It is best to completely switch to bottom fishing in large reservoirs, where there are bream wintering pits. The fish keeps near them, less and less often leaving there before the onset of cold weather and the formation of ice.
Types of bottom gear for bream in autumn
First of all, it should be noted two tackle for fishing from the shore: this is a classic feeder and donka-spinning. Seagull, donka with a rubber band does not provide sufficient range for fishing. In addition, if before the angler could put the gum swimming or on an inflatable mattress at the desired distance, now for this you will need a full-fledged boat. And if there is a boat, then there are other ways of fishing, more attractive than a rubber band. However, of all the rules there are exceptions, and it is possible that the catch and the gum somewhere will bring the best results.
Between the donka-spinning without any feeder and the late fall with a good feeder, the difference is now reduced. In the summer, the feeder was much more catchy due to the use of a feeder. And if you put such on a donk from a spinning with a fishing line instead of a cord, then you have to do too coarse tackle to provide the same casting distance, since the weight of the feeder, especially during the course, must be much more to maintain the rigging. In the autumn, the effectiveness of the bait falls.
The fact is that the bream begins to adhere to a certain daily rhythm. At night, in the fall, catching it is almost useless. He stands on or near his pit, eating very little. A bite can have a random place, usually when fishing for a bunch of worms. When dawn, the fish becomes more active. Usually in October, if the weather is cold, the biting starts at nine or ten. If sunny days are long, then earlier. In this bream follows a certain route. If it is a river, then the fish goes along the stream, if the lake is usually a circular route, from the pit closer to the shore, along it and back.
Quite often poklevki occur periodically. This does not mean that the bream is walking in circles. This means that one flock first comes up, then another, then a third. The same flock rarely follows its own trail twice, and, having a little satisfied its hunger, it rolls back to the pit, where it does not feed so much. Sometimes small bream can still make several exits, usually three or four per day, because hunger still makes you move. But larger individuals in a flock usually adhere to the mode of one or two outputs per day.
The bait allows you to briefly hold the bream, but not to attract and not to keep the pack for the whole time of fishing. It is very important knowledge of the reservoir, the experience of an angler. Using a few cheap gear in the form of donkey-spinning, let it be coarse, let it show poklevka worse, the angler increases his chances of getting on the “fish trail”. Here is the case when not quality, but quantity can decide.
A bell – a traditional signaling device for classic bottom fishing – will help you navigate between several rods. Some argue that the bell is outdated and will not allow to determine the position of the fishing rod, which the fish bite. This is not true. A person has two ears and is able to accurately determine the direction of the sound, if there are no problems with hearing.
Therefore, fishing with a bell, even if it is carried out at night, will allow you to find the bait well and catch the fish. There is no need to use bulky electronic signaling devices, multi-colored fireflies, for which constant visual control or other tricks are needed – the good old bell or bell will replace all this.
Lovers of feeder fishing can continue to catch this gear in the fall. In October, the feeder also bite, but with less intensity. You can reduce the starter feed, the size of the feeder, since they are not as effective as in summer. All this will lead to the relief of gear, an increase in the range and accuracy of casting with a small feeder compared to a bulky large one. In some cases, you can even abandon it.
The most reasonable is to use combined fishing if caught on an unfamiliar body of water for the first time. First, according to the recommendations of local fishermen, you should choose a fishing place. Then place on it a few bottom fishing rods, not exceeding the number of hooks on them allowed for amateur fishing. It is desirable to capture different distances, areas and depths, but not to catch on the ground smaller than two or three meters.
Then approximately determine which poklevka fishing rods were and which ones did not. Donkey can be positioned after this more concentrated. After localized places of bites, time bites, you can switch to feeder fishing the next day. It will allow you to make an accurate cast in a certain place and increase the chances of catching fish, since the implementation of the poklevok will be much better than to donkeys.
One way of float fishing for bream still takes place even in the cold October season – this is match float fishing. Such fishing uses a float fishing rod 3.9-4.2 meters long, equipped with a good reel and guide rings and implies a long-distance casting of a float with a reel. This fishing is practiced in places with no current or with a weak current. In places where there is a strong current, an inertial reel is usually installed on such a fishing pole and they begin to catch like on a conventional wiring rod, but for this there are other tackles.
Match bream fishing is popular on reservoirs in good weather without fog, waves and strong wind, when the float on the water is far visible. It is considered traditional to float the waggler, which is rigidly fixed on the fishing line, but you can only catch it at a three-meter depth, not more. In deep areas, a glider float is used, which has most of the outer side inside the float, or a slider, the tackle with which has the main outer side outside the float. According to the author, the use of sliders in the autumn leschovoy fishing is not justified, as they are intended for depths of more than 8 meters, where the feeder shows greater efficiency.
But to catch with the waggler and glider can and should be, especially if the weather allows. Usually it is warm money in the middle of October. It is worth noting a feature of bream load of the match rod. Used ogruzka with two podpaskami that allow you to determine the desired depth in the casting area, and keep the float in place even with a slight wind. The first is placed about half a meter from the hook, considering the leash. The second is placed above the first at a distance of about 60-70 cm.
When the depth at the fishing spot is determined, the tackle is adjusted so that the first sub-bottom box is at the bottom, and the second one hangs in the water column. This can be determined as follows: when casting, the float first sinks a little deeper, and then rises when the first sub-trough falls to the bottom. If the depth is determined incorrectly, then the first sub-saddle will either hang, and the float will remain in the same position, or both will lie on the bottom, and the float will come out of the water more than necessary.
When biting, the bream picks up the nozzle, then usually lifts the first sub-pitch box from the bottom. This is recorded by the movement of the float, he makes a “nod.” Then the float leads, at this time you need to podsekat. The implementation of poklevok on match fishing rod is higher than in bottom fishing, fishing on feeder. It gives those inexpressible feelings of fish on the hook, when there is no heavy sinker, and also allows you to get more emotion from fishing, which only float fishing gives.
When match fishing in the fall, it is important to use a float without feathers. Allegedly, with the plumage the float flies more precisely, but with this one can argue. The accuracy of the throw can be adjusted later when the float is pulled up onto the fishing line marker, when the rod is jerked to the side, if it is not flying too well. But the strong autumn wind will carry plumage. This will increase the weight of the lower subpackage. It should be more to keep the gear on the bottom. And in the end there will be more failures, idle pokёvok, tackle will be a little more confused and become more rough.
The bait in the autumn match fishing is applied in a smaller amount than when fishing in the summer for the reasons sounded above. It is more important to throw in the place of the “fish trail.” Usually they try to fish areas near a large deep hole, where the fish spends the night and goes to eat to a lesser depth with the arrival of daylight. As a result, you can easily and quickly find places where the poklevka will follow at regular intervals.
When fishing from a boat, a fisherman has many advantages over fishing from the shore. The main advantage is fishing on any part of the reservoir, from any point on the water surface. The second advantage is the echo sounder. In the late autumn, the echo sounder fishing technique may be the only one that will bring at least one bite.
It is with the help of the echo sounder you can determine the position of the wintering pits, where the bream stands, and the movement of fish flocks under the boat. This saves time, especially in an unfamiliar body of water. Even when fishing involves the use of a significant amount of bait, for example, when fishing for bream on a ring, it will be ineffective if the bait is located far from the place where there is fish. She will not go far from her favorite routes in the fall! We must remember this.
Using a boat eliminates the need to make long casts. You can use gear with short rods, without shock leaders or other devices that allow you to throw far. With the shortening of the fishing distance, the tempo increases. A fisherman with a boat is able to catch more fish from a flock that has come up, since he will spend less fishing line than a fisherman who makes a long cast from the shore. You can throw more accurately, it is better to fall, to spend less power.
At the same time, fishing from a boat is not without flaws. One of the most important – on a boat in the autumn is very cold. On the shore there is always the opportunity to make a fire, stretch your legs. In the boat, especially close, the angler is long in one position. Legs freeze, back. On the boat you need to dress well, and the total fishing time will be limited. It is advisable to use winter catalytic heaters, only for them it is necessary to have a special box in a rubber boat so that they do not spoil it.
The second drawback of the boat is that it is especially dangerous to catch it in the fall, since if it turns over far from the coast or begins to deflate, the angler has many chances to be at the bottom. Therefore – be sure to use a life jacket on a fishing trip in the fall! He will save if the angler is in the water, allows him to swim to the shore, even with legs and feet in cold boots. An orange vest is perfectly visible against the background of autumn water, it will be easier to come to the rescue. In most cases, the vest saves not only from drowning, but also from cooling. The collar of the vest plays the role of a scarf, which is impermeable to the autumn wind.
By the way of fishing from a boat – you can use the same as in the summer, but more carefully look for fish on the echo sounder. Catch and devils, and on-board fishing rods with a lying or hanging sinker, and the ring and the bank. By the way, according to the author, catching bream for a devil is more effective in the fall than ever before. It is possible to use not only him, but also a heavy mormyshka with one big hook, on which a worm with a tail is planted. Fishing is active, and with the use of sonar combined very well. The bream quickly finds a bait that makes amplitude movements than the one that lies motionless on the bottom. In October, under water is very dark, and finding the bait with the help of sight is more difficult.
Nozzle and fishing features
In the fall, all fish become more carnivorous. This is due to the fact that more and more large insects, larvae and worms appear in her diet. And less and less – roots, plant shoots, zooplankton. Therefore, it is best to use animal bait when fishing for bream. It is safe to say that the fish will peck at the worm, moldy worm, but whether the bream will catch on the manne he loves in the summer is questionable.
Nevertheless, in a number of places the fish continues to take well on vegetable nozzles. It can be the same semolina, mastyrka, pasta, oatmeal, barley and other bait. The peculiarity of animal baits is that it is easier for fish to find them by stirring at the bottom. Vegetable nozzles are practically immobile, and in the pitch bottom mist and turbidity they are harder to find, as the smell spreads in the cold October water worse.
If there is an opportunity to catch with the movement of the nozzle, for example, wiring with a stand from the boat, on the boat from the boat – you need to use it and catch it that way. The mobile nozzle in an autumn time has big advantage in comparison with motionless.
Another feature of fishing is the reduction of fishing time due to the shorter daylight hours. Usually the urban fisherman arrives at the place and spends there up to ten hours. At the weekend, many go overnight. In autumn, the daylight hours are much shorter, the weather may deteriorate, and a cold wind will blow. It may rain with snow. As a result, you should always be prepared to pack up and go home without waiting for the beginning of the bite. Spending the night in a tent on the beach is not for the same reasons – it’s cold, you have to spend a lot of time installing and assembling the tent. Therefore, the angler must be prudent and not despair if you had to go home without a fish. In the end, autumn fishing is more a lottery, but also the lot of the most avid fishermen.