Acne is perhaps the most mysterious inhabitant of our waters. It inhabits the rivers of Europe (Baltic, Mediterranean and black sea basins). More prevalent in the waters of Northern and North-Western Russia, the Baltic States and Belarus, much less in the southern rivers of Russia and Ukraine. In appearance, the eel is very similar to a snake.
Its kind he has contributed to around your way of many legends and fables. Puzzles scientists acne made so many before and so far no one has ever seen the process of spawning females. Only in 20-e years of the last century managed to establish the location of spawning eels of all kinds.
This is the Sargasso sea in the Central Atlantic. Scientists were amazed and the depth of throwing – about 400 meters. Fry the eel is picked up by the powerful current of the Gulf stream and coming to the mouths of the rivers of Europe. Having an innate ability to go to fresh water upstream little Prata (by the way, have transparent vitreous body) rise up-stream, reaching a small river tributaries and other water bodies.
Adult acne has the body of 150-170 cm, weight 4-6 kg, the scales at a small, barely noticeable, color of the back brown or dark green, flanks yellowish, and the belly is grayish-white. Eel is very slippery because of the abundance of mucus on the skin. Fatty and tender meat of the eel very much appreciated.
There are two forms of the European eel: sharp head and shirokogorloy. Scientists have found that it depends on the quality of the forage base for eels. If its habitat abound with fine feed (larvae, molluscs, crustaceans, etc.), the acne grows sharp head, and if he feeds mainly on fish, that shirokogorova.
Acne. Where to look.
Eel alive and increasing its weight in the various reservoirs. It is in the winter, when the water temperature drops below 10-12 degrees, deeply buries itself in mud (sometimes up to 1-1. 5 meters) and falls asleep.
The ability of eels to overcome difficult obstacles on the way to the rivers and lakes, where he put on weight and during the return migration when he (after 5 or 25 years) sliding into the sea and sent to spawn. In order to overcome 4000-6000 kilometers to the Sargasso sea, it needs to have enough fat. Therefore, all the eels spawning, have a silver color body. This color characterizes the presence in the body of the eel fat (sometimes with the share of about 40%).
Acne. Behavior. How to catch. What to catch. Than to catch.
Eel is a predatory fish. Buried in the bottom silt, it is waiting for prey and does rush to grab their small, sharp teeth fish. It’s mostly small species of roach, perch, ruffe and bleak. He does not shrink from a variety of crustaceans, mollusks and larvae of aquatic insects. Acne greedily enough available prey. In the course of weight gain and growth of your body can eat sleeping fish, pieces of rotten meat, slaughterhouse waste, etc.
Using the greed for food, the fishermen, knowing that eel is a nocturnal predator, charge of bottom-fishing, seines and spinning zakidushki pieces of meat, entrails of animals, bunches of hearts (rain, manure and podlistnikov) and install them on all night in the habitats of acne. And that, as a rule, deep holes and ditches, with abundant near-bottom layer of the silt, deep water, deep bays and backwaters on rivers.
More likely to catch eel exists in areas adjacent to hydraulic structures: dams, levees, floodgates, etc. Acne can in a damp, cool times to live without water for up to 36 hours. This is facilitated by its small gills covered with mucus and is able to withstand prolonged dehydration. In an effort to overcome the obstacle in front of him, the eel is able to crawl across a wet meadow or dry marsh about 2 miles. These are the inhabitants of the Baltic States and Belarus.
They know these transshipment routes and catch eels, called “bare hands”. Although clean bare hands the eel to keep. To do this with damp hands, should be sprinkled with sand or they have to wear special rubber gloves with a rough surface. But this kind of fishing from the category of curiosities and exotics. Real fishing for eel is still fishing in his native water element.