Zherlitsa – tackle, which is designed for catching live bait by means of water, without hooking and the presence of the angler on the spot. Zherlitsa is homemade and purchased. Since its construction is quite simple, anglers often make them themselves.
Pike shertits: work features
Pike is the most common trophy for fishing for swords in both summer and winter. Often, neither spinning, nor the track, nor the winter luster are able to bring the results that brings livejack fishing to this simple tackle. This happens for the following reasons:
- Zhivets – natural food pike. The behavior of a live fish provokes a pike to attack much better than playing bait or other bait.
- Poklevka occurs in the absence of the angler on the spot. Consequently, fewer deterring factors: noise, shade rods on the water, bunnies on the water from points
- Pike is not a schooling fish. Catching spinning, trolling can be successful when it is possible to find a flock of fish in such a way and catch it for a long time. Zherlitsa, standing in a certain place, with the same probability can cause biting, as well as the catch of the water area spinning.
- Hunting of pike occurs almost always in sturdy places, among driftwood, water thickets. Often, catching anything else here, except for live-gear, is impossible.
- In the summer, this fish hunts along the coastal strip, near the algae border, which makes the installation of stinkers from the shore a very effective way of summer fishing.
- The nature of the triggering of a hoax, when a predator after a bite is able to wind off a little fishing line and move away, allows you to catch a pike well. She usually catches the live beetle across, then moves away a little, turns it in her mouth and swallows it from the head. With this method, you can not make an instant hook-up, and the Macer is often self-clipping hungry fish, giving little gatherings.
The nature of pike hunting is such that it is usually found in thickets of aquatic plants, snags, on the boundary of a thermocline, in the shade of bushes, lying on a dark bottom – everywhere where it is difficult to see it in the water from afar, where visibility is reduced due to the nature of the sun rays. These are usually places where many small fish can be found nearby. The pike is waiting in ambush and waiting for some fish to be close enough or moving very slowly so as not to arouse suspicion.
Once in the zone of a throw to the prey, the pike turns in this direction with the whole body and adjusts the distance, looking at the fish with both eyes. After this, there is a short powerful throw. It is so fast that even a high-speed underwater camera is often not able to shoot it well. Throw distance – no more than two or three meters. After that, the pike returns to its original position, where it swallows prey.
The zherlitsa on a pike assumes a design which has some stock of a scaffold for a free descent. Usually no more than three meters. This stock allows you to catch a predator without the participation of the angler and does not require instant hooking. Pike has the ability to swallow a fish without feeling the resistance of the stretched fishing line, otherwise it can spit it out.
At the same time, giving too much stock should not be. The fact is that a fish, having pricked itself on hooks, can run away under a snag, confuse fishing line on bottom grass, rhizomes of bushes, rebar of old piles, etc. This can lead to loss of prey. In addition, swallowing the hooks in the stomach, such a fish can not get off the hook, even if entangled and die, as a result, the reservoir will be polluted and the fish will begin to hurt. It is worth at least approximately estimating the distance to the nearest serious snags and giving such a reserve that the pike cannot tangle the line there.
Traditionally, pike was caught from time immemorial on the summer stubby-postavushu. She was a flyer like the one from which we made slingshots at school. A line is wound onto a flyer of the eight, and in one of its ends an incision is made with a knife. The fishing line is inserted into it in such a way that the live bait could not pull it out, but the pike could. On the “handle” flyers tie a piece of string. To them it is attached to the base of the zherlitsa – a peg, pole, reed, hanging bushes or other objects near water, of natural or artificial origin. The main thing is that it should not be tied tightly, but hung on the free section of this string above the water.
At the time of the bite, the pike grabs bait and begins to pull the line. She jumps out of the tuber under the force and rolls off the flyer. Winding the figure eight prevents the line from tangling, which often happens when instead of it put inertia-free reel such as bottles, tubes. The line can just fall off with such a time and a beard is formed. Subsequently, the pike stops and swallows the bait, falling on the hook. The signal to the angler is the sound of the line unwinding, but more often the fish is self-clipping, and it is only necessary to check the sticks from time to time, remove pike and change live fish.
You can find a lot of options for this zherlitsy. Anglers make them from pipe sections, plastic cups and small plastic bottles instead of slingshots. Of course, it is easier for a city dweller to find them than to look for a smooth slingshot on the beach and come to the pond with the prepared gear in advance, rather than spend time fishing to equip the poles. In addition, most of these devices can be fixed motionless, to only ensure the gathering of the fishing line. Often they do this: they put a wooden stake into the water with a Ø50 mm PVC tube for plumbing screwed to it, a small plastic bottle through a cork, etc. At the time of the bite, the fish itself pulls the line from the tuber and unwinds it from the improvised reel of the spontaneous type. Catch on postavushki summer and until late autumn.
Sometimes there are options when the zheritsa does not have a reel at all. Usually it is supplied with a sinker when the live bait is held at the bottom. The slack of the line here is initially set as a slack before the sinker. The predator grabs live bait, tears cargo away from the bottom and chooses slack. Sometimes the sag is done before the tuck and is freely on the water, but in this case it can catch on something. Still, a flyer or some kind of device safer. And the live bait, which lies at the bottom, is usually scared, lies on the ground, does not move and less often causes a bite, than one that is set in half water or above the bottom and does not know where to hide from the predator.
For pike fishing, such tackle works in the same way as summer. Zhivets is on the hook or tackle, which is designed for serif fish, fishing line is in the tuft, from which he is unable to pull it, and the pike – yes. On the zherlitsa there is a free supply of fishing line about one and a half to two meters, usually on a reel, so that the pike, taking live bait, would have the opportunity to move away and swallow it without resistance.
Also, a special signaling flag is often placed on the winter pole. It is usually mounted on a clock spring about half a meter long. Often, he also performs the role of tucking, pressing the reel and not letting the live bait to wind the line. When biting the spring is released, the flag pops up and can be seen far on the white ice. Fisherman runs up, cuts fish and pulls out on the ice through the hole.
Such requirement as frost resistance is presented to the design of winter victims. For example, it is performed on a wide stand-plate. With its help, the predator is placed over the hole, closing it, and the top is covered with snow. As a result, under it the line does not freeze in the ice, and the venturite can remain in one place for a long time even in severe frost. The box, coil and other parts should be made simply and reliably, maybe even coarsely so that even if there is some ice on them, there are gaps for their normal operation. The fishing line is also taken not the thinnest, so that it can be released with a jerk, if it is slightly frozen. Yes, and thick fishing line usually freezes more slowly to the edge than the thin, which immediately clings to the cold ice edge in the bitter cold.
The described option is usually bought in the store. Such zherlitsa on a stand-plate is inexpensive and allows you to fish quite effectively. But there are other options for winter victims that allow you to fish for live bait. They can be made by yourself. For example – a simple mouthpiece from a piece of plastic pipe with a crosspiece, an underwater mouthpiece.
Sherlitsa from a piece of plastic pipe
For a zherlitsa from a piece of plastic pipe, a piece of such a pipe 50-70 cm long is necessary. Holes are made in it through which a wire is passed near one of the ends of such a zherlitsa. Use two pieces of wire according to the type of reinforcement, not thinner than 3-4 mm. The result is a pipe, at one end of which two pieces of wire are thrown cross-wise. The other end rests loosely on the ice. It turns out that the pipe lies in front of the hole, leaning next to it on the cross, and the other end behind the ice.
Following the crosspiece, the fishing line is wound onto the free end of the pipe. This end is an analogue of roguli in the summer zherlice. The line is fixed in the zatch, made with a knife on the edge of the pipe, or is not fixed at all, as zhivets in normal condition is not able to pull it. When biting, the fish grabs bait, pulls the fishing line, turns the zherlitsu upside down and pulls it into the hole. To fall under the ice does not give the cross from the wire, which rises across it. There is a free supply of fishing line on the pipe, which allows the fish to move away and swallow live bait. The fisherman sees a zerlitsu upturned upwards from a distance, runs to it and hooks up a fish. Often the pipe itself is painted in bright colors for better visibility so that it can be seen against the background of white snow.
The main drawback of such a stupid person is the complete insecurity of the fishing line from freezing. It will be impossible to catch it in the frost, the fishing line will be in a crust on the surface of the hole in 20-30 minutes and the work of the gear will be broken. There are also difficulties with the regulation of soft work. A pike in the winter can have soft poklevki, when it carefully takes the fish and almost never leaves the spot. In this case, the effort to turn the zherlitsu will not be enough.
The second version of the manufacture
The second stand-up version of a homemade zherlitsa is a method when it is made according to the summer type, on the basis of a flyer or other replacement device, and is attached to the support on the string. The flyer in this case is under water, and the end of the string is attached to a stick that lies across the hole. Even if the line is frozen, it can be easily cut out of the ice, without particularly damaging it. With a thin line this will not work. The disadvantage of this zherlitsy – the complete absence of a bite alarm device, it is flipping. The notch of the fish is happening by the weed, because of this, with careful caution, there will be a lot of empty hooks from which the live bait has been eaten, and the fish has left, or where it is dented, fell asleep, and the fish spat it out, feeling the hooks. But it can be made from a very very small cutting pipe, from a hose, and such homemade products take up little space in the bag.
Another important quality zherlitsy – is that it can be easily found on the ice. It happens that it is already dark outside, a blizzard has risen. Fishing with a flashlight will be difficult to find a stick across the hole when they are both covered with snow. At the same time, it will be much easier to find a folded box that protrudes over the ice, or a slingshot with a slingshot.
There are other live-stock winter gear that is not always meant for pike fishing. For example – the admission. They are made in the form of short lengths of fishing line with two or three hooks on leads and are intended for catching fish from the bottom. Live bait or another nozzle is mounted on hooks on a predator. Predator – burbot, perch, perch. They take the nozzle directly from the bottom much more often, the pike prefers live bait in half a year. The classic clearance is a pole stuck in the hole to the bottom, the fishing line with hooks and nozzles is tied to the lower edge of which.
Usually burbot is self-clinging, because it never moves far to the side to swallow the nozzle, like a pike, and swallows it on the spot, also pike perch and perch. It is easy to find such a hotspot on burbot even after a snowfall – the stake will remain hanging around and you can see it well. There is no problem with a crust of ice. The hole can be initially filled up with a thick layer of snow, and if it completely freezes, you can stir the crust with a stake or cut it out of the ice, without fear of chopping it with your foot. Leaves are left overnight and checked in the morning, with a ruff used to trap them all day, as a nozzle. The one that does not go to live bait – goes to the ear.
Both summer, and zherlitsa for ice fishing, need equipment. Be sure to put a leash for zherlitsy pike, as it is able to eat even a thick fishing line. Use tungsten and wire. It is also necessary to fit the equipment with at least one swivel. It is much easier to get fish in the hole with it, the fishing line will not be twisted when playing and will be less confused. Zhivets sits on one or two hooks. It must be placed on the lip, as the pike swallows it from the head. The second one, if any, is stuck in the base of the anal fin, without damaging the internal organs. All sorts of ways, when the leash is threaded through the gills of live bait, lead to the fact that he will be very quick to take off. The gills are a very important vital organ of the fish.
It should also warn about the use of traps for pike, other vysolovov who do not use hooks. All of them are illegal and poaching methods of fishing. The number of poklevok on them is the same as on the hook, but the crippled fish that did not fall into the hands of the angler, with them many times more. Almost certainly the pike that descended from the trap dies. And she can get off the usual stinker and get caught again a couple of hours later.
Production and refinement of the zherlitsa with a flag
The best option zherlitsy – on a broad basis with a flag. He is proven, reliable. You can make it yourself, let it not seem too complicated. All parts are made of plastic. It is not necessary to do anything from a tree, it is soaked from water and frosting, as a result, the vent stone becomes heavy. The ice in the bag after fishing with it will begin to melt, and the angler’s clothes will be all in the water.
For the base, a sufficiently thick plastic is taken – a round or square piece. Well fit the base of a broken electric kettle, other electrical parts. All of them should not fall into the hole, that is, to be more than her. The stand for the coil is attached to the base and a flag. It is convenient to make a rack from a piece of a thin plastic pipe of 16 mm polypropylene.
It can be made removable; for this, a hole is made in the base; At the base, a slot is made through which you can wind up the line so that it is lowered exactly in the middle of the hole. So pike will be difficult to turn the zherlitsu.
The coil is attached to the rack. This can be either a small wiring coil or a reel from any line on the bracket. It is important that she had a fairly easy course and sufficient gaps between the axis. It is advisable to very well lubricate this place with grease so that it does not allow water to enter under the axis. The water will not freeze, the coil will not jam and everything will work well.
The flag is attached in such a way that it presses the coil and does not allow the live bait to wind the line. For the base of the flag is taken long twisted or flat clock spring. You can use the old broken building tape, there is also a good plate, however, it quickly rusts and can break when used. It is very important that the zherlitsa itself has a dark color. It will be clearly visible on the bright ice and snow, it will be easy to find. Flags should be bright. The best of all on white snow is maroon and cherry flags; orange and bright red are worse, especially in a blizzard.
Finalization of purchased models
Much more often the angler has to deal with the refinement of the purchase of stubs. These are used more often than homemade. They are not expensive, they work better than most self-made ones. And if you estimate that you have to buy material for self-made ones, the choice is obvious, purchased for an angler who just wants a working gear and not a gear made by these hands will be the best choice.
But not always they can be used immediately. Often remains a marriage after plastic molding, burr. All this needs to be cleaned with a sandpaper or file so that the fishing line would never cling. The coil often has an unreliable fastening. Sometimes it is necessary to replace the axle, to install the lock nut, so that nothing will unscrew itself. Finding a lost nut in a thick snowdrift is almost impossible. Flags often try to glue so that they do not fall off the spring. Usually they are simply stitched, sometimes poorly, and when they bite, they can fly off freely when jerking. Glued with epoxy or cold-resistant glue.
It is desirable to lubricate the axis of the coil with a large amount of grease. It will not only improve the smoothness of the course, but also protects the gap between the axis from the ingress of water there. But it is necessary to be careful, grease corrodes some old fishing line, such as kapron. Everything is better to do in moderation and try not to make it so that it is on the entire surface of the reel, including the groove for the fishing line. Sometimes it is required to fasten the handle to the coil for its rotation. But you can do much better – drill a hole in the rim in it so that you can rotate it with your index finger. The same hole is convenient to use in order to hook on it a hook from zherlitsy.
There are some other improvements to the purchase of stubby – correcting the curve of the rack above the gas, fixing the spring of the flag in the base-insert with glue, lengthening or shortening the flag, etc. The main thing is to make a little effort to make the gear work perfectly, and then fishing will be fun even at low cost.