Four species of bears are found in Indian subcontinent, named as Sloth Bear, Moon Bear, Brown Bear and Sun Bear, out the four Sloth Bear is the most common in India and Sun Bear is very rare, found in the tropical rainforest of Northeastern India.
Himalayan Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus laniger)
Himalayan black bear lives in the Himalayas of the Indian subcontinent at altitudes of 10,000 feet. The bear species is very aggressive toward humans and its range overlaps with sloth bears and brown bears in India.
Himalayan Brown Bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus)
Himalayan brown bear is the largest land mammal of the Himalayan region and hibernate during the winter like moon bear. They are listed as critically endangered and only found in the Himalayas of north India.
Asian Black Bear (Ursus Tibetanus)
Asian black bear mostly found in the upper ranges of the Himalayas in the Indian subcontinent and classified as vulnerable.
Eurasian Brown Bear (Ursus arctos arctos)
Eurasian brown bear is only found at some isolated highly threatened parts of northwest India and very rarely seen in Hemis National Park.
National Parks in India to Spot Himalayan Black Bear and Brown Bear
Himalayan Black Bear and Himalayan Black Bear are native to Asia and lives in the great ranges of Himalayas in India. Here is the list of famous national parks of North India to spot Himalayan Black Bear and Himalayan Brown Bear.
Khangchendzonga National Park – Himalayan Black Bear
Khangchendzonga National Park or Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim contains many mammal species such as Sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, red panda and Tibetan wild ass.
Nanda Devi National Park – Himalayan Black Bear
Nanda Devi National Park is part of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and is home to a wide variety of fauna including Himalayan black bear and Himalayan brown bear.
Great Himalayan National Park – Himalayan Brown Bear
Great Himalayan National Park of Himachal Pradesh is the best wildlife park in North India to spot rare Himalayan wild animals such as blue sheep, Himalayan brown bear and exotic snow leopard.
Gangotri National Park – Himalayan Brown Bear
Gangotri National Park is one of the largest national park in North India and provides majestic beauty of the great Himalayas, home to the snow leopard, black bear as well as Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos).
Valley of Flowers National Park – Asian Black Bear
Valley of Flowers National Park meadows and endemic alpine flowers offers shelters to rare and endangered animals including the brown bear, snow leopard and Asiatic black bear.
Hemis National Park – Eurasian Brown Bear
Hemis National Park is the largest protected area in India and home to highest density of snow leopard in the Himalayas as well as home to very rare and endangered Eurasian brown bear, Tibetan wolf and Red fox.
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary – Black and Brown Bear
The lesser known National Park and Sanctuary of Uttarakhand lies high at the Garhwal Himalayas and home to very rare and unique Himalayan wild animals such as Snow Leopard, bearded vulture,Asian black bear, the Himalayan brown bear.