In nature many beautiful creatures with amazing appearance. Animals and birds attract the eyes of men, he wants to touch of this splendor. Undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful birds is the peacock.
But few people know that this proud bird with elegant plumage has much in common with ordinary domestic chicken. So what kind of bird is the peacock and where do they live?
The person with the appearance of a peacock are interested in several questions: “what do you call a female peacock?”, “Looks like a peacock”? “Where are the peacocks?”. These amazing birds are usually attributed to the family of pheasant, peacocks belong to the order galliformes. In addition to the appearance of the ordinary peacock is considered the largest of all of their relatives.
First and foremost, the person in the eye catches the brightness of the plumage of this bird. Neck beautiful birds of Paradise long and exquisitely graceful, the head small in size, with the original crest. Males have a tuft of blue tint, the color of the rest of the plumage, and females have a tuft of brown color.
The bird itself is large, the growth reaches about 125 cm, the weight is in the range of 4.2 kg tail Length average, about 45 cm the Female of a peacock, as a rule, less than the male, variety and color of plumage: females have a brown plumage color. Males have brighter plumage, often green, blue, black shades.
Despite external beauty, the voice of birds is extremely unpleasant. She lets out a sharp guttural sounds that are unpleasant to the human ear.
The tail of this breed is decorated with ornament resembling an “eye”. Moreover, fan-shaped, tail beautiful nature has given exclusively to males, females in this respect no luck. The tail of the females does not play such bright colors like the males, it is more discreet, decorated in dark brown colours. The tail feathers are actually different lengths, and grow, superimposed on each other. This fact is the secret to a lush peacock’s tail.
The types of peacocks
Birds of Paradise on the structure of the body and other physiological signs are indistinguishable from each other. They are divided into types, due to the different color tail.
There are the following shades of feathers:
- variegated dark;
Just nature there are three species of this genus, which, in turn, have subtypes.
The main types include:
- The common or Indian peacock.
Ordinary breed, in turn, is divided into white and black wing. White is considered the most common variation of the common peacock. It is a large bird with white plumage and blue eyes.
Black-winged representative of this family is considered to be a variation of the common peacock has the plumage black with bluish tint. The female is paler than male, on the back they have brown and yellow spots.
The Indian peacock is the only one in its kind, the subspecies has not.
Green member of the family is considered a kind of representatives of the Asian species, it is somewhat larger than the common peafowl, the plumage is brighter, has a metallic luster. Limbs long, the crest and neck are also longer than normal, but the voice more melodic and more enjoyable. Weight is around 5 kg.
Java green, Indo-Chinese and Burmese peacocks are considered to be a subspecies of green. The name comes from its habitats. They are large birds, the plumage of which is dominated by green shades. Feathers, especially on the tail, have a metallic luster.
Congolese peacock called African. This bird is larger than all the growth reaches about 70-75 cm Females and males are barely visible. The plumage is dominated by blue, purple, green shades. Monogamous by nature.
The main places of residence of these amazing creatures is considered to be India and Sri Lanka. It is easy to guess that this is where he first found the Indian representative of the breed. Representatives of this species live in almost all the Zoological gardens and zoos of the world.
Some members of these species live in Malaysia, on the island of Java. From the archives it is known that peacocks were loved by the Royal family, their specially bred in palaces as the decoration of the Royal court.
The man had domesticated peacock. Fans of exotic breed beautiful bird in their backyards, mostly for the beauty of the tail.
For birds of this breed it is very important have a Bush. In natural habitat the bird chooses the area with gastrostomy shrubs, they preferred to stay for the night, to rest and hide from enemies.
Bird of Paradise loves the waters around them are many insects on which it feeds. In addition to such important factors as diet, especially in hot weather, the breed is bathed in the water he is hiding from the heat.
Birds of this breed used to live in small groups, in families, there is no strict separation of gender. They are friendly, easy to get along with other dogs, try to avoid conflicts and fights. Active in the daytime, night rest in a safe place. Bird light sleeper, do not lose vigilance even during sleep. If the bird is in danger, she prefers to escape into open conflict does not enter.
The power of peacocks
These birds feed mainly on plant food. In the wild they eat fruit, roots, do not disdain to eat rodents and even small snakes. The food they are looking for only on the ground, on the trees they mainly rest and sleep.
The power of peacocks at home
In domestic breeding of these species of birds the breeder will have to establish, as close as the conditions of detention of this bird to natural.
In home breeder need to make a daily diet, which needs to enter the necessary vitamins and minerals. The basis of nutrition is considered to be grains, they feed the birds every day.
Plus you can feed the bird feeding vegetable residues from the table to add some fun to your daily diet:
- dried bread;
- boiled potatoes;
- meat dressing (stuffing every 2 weeks);
- insect larvae;
It should be rememberedthat such delights are freely available in almost all specialized stores for animals.