Warbler-blackcap – this bird is small in size. Her singing, probably, everyone has heard of, but to see her can not please everyone. These birds live in Europe, and they can also be found in Asia Minor and North Africa.
They inhabit forests and even city parks, making small flights and jumping from branch to branch. You can meet these birds and the conditions of home detention in the cells.
The size of these birds a little less sparrows. Their weight is around 30 grams, and body length is about 15 inches. Their life expectancy up to seven years.
Description of the appearance of blackheads Warbler:
- Rounded crown.
- The beak is of medium size.
- The tail is of medium length.
- Wings rather short, their scope is within 20 centimeters.
For warblers-blackcaps characteristic dark olive back and yellow belly and undertail. Males differ from females in their colour. In adults the top of the dark olive and the bottom is of a grayish hue. Also grey can be seen on the beak and feet of blackcaps. The throat and undertail are white males of color.
Blackheads warblers are the winners of the melodic voice. They can safely compete with such songbirds as warblers and thrushes. The doctor can perform complex melodies almost without pauses. Their singing can be called joyful. Listening to it, charged with optimism and positivity. The male attracts a female by singing quiet with loud whistling.
Lifestyle and breeding warblers-Chernogolovka
Meet the blackcaps in gardens and parks and in forests. In early autumn these birds migrate to wintering in warmer climes.
A few weeks after arrival from wintering they begin to build nests. Blackheads Warbler place them quite low (a meter or two off the ground), in the crowns of trees or shrubs. Initially, the male starts building several nests and then the female chooses the most suitable.
The birds nest from late spring to mid summer.
Chernogolovka can make several batches per season. They can be up to five eggs, quite a variety of shades.
They can be:
- with brown tint;
And eggs are located blotches of various shapes and sizes.
A pair of blackcaps (a male and a female) incubate together for two weeks. Feed newborns, they work together well. This process lasts about three weeks. Chicks are born without feathers.
What to eat warblers-Chernogolovka
Chernogolovka are insectivorous birds. They hunt with the help of his thin beak.
Their summer diet includes:
In autumn, they complement their diet with berries, which are harvested also in its beak.
The capture of blackcaps and content in the home.
Blackhead catch birds just after their arrival from wintering. Basically, the trapping is performed by means of clockwork birds. However, it is possible to use weighted networks.
After the blackcap bird managed to catch, you should bind her wings. Then it should be placed in a small cage on all sides must be covered with light cloth.
The blackcaps should be given special attention, as it is quite whimsical creation.
The first week of life in a cage are very important. During this time the blackhead of poultry should be used to close space and to a new way of eating.
In the cage should always have a small container with clean water. Food can the first time, pour directly on the floor.
Feeding warblers-Chernogolovka at home
The metabolism of Pallas’s warblers at a high level. So even four hours without food can kill them.
For the first time, except the Nightingale mixtures, Chernogolovka must give and live food (cockroaches, mealworms). To transfer the bird into another room then when she learns how to eat properly in captivity.
Overfeed warblers contained in the cell is impossible. This can lead to obesity. The bird will lose the ability not only to fully fly, but the fly even on the perch.
The arrangement of the cells for Chernogolovka
The cage for these birds must be small, but in any case not tight. In very spacious cages Chernogolovka long remain wild, and close to losing his plumage.
The length of the cage should be about half a meter, and the width and height of about thirty inches. It is best to make a home for birds from wood. This material is considered more secure for keeping birds. The wooden bars of the cage can be covered with varnish.
It is important to tighten the top of the cell matter, as the bird may suddenly fly up and injure the cell.
Illumination for the blackcaps in captivity
Chernogolovka is very sensitive birds, so special attention should be paid to lighting. This is especially true of the winter period. When lighting is poor the birds can be observed hormonal disorders.
Duration of daylight in summer time should be about 16 hours and in winter about 11 hours.
Failure to comply with the rules of detention, Chernogolovka often die during the first molt. If you create favorable conditions for the birds, they can live in captivity for about ten years.