Burbim spawns in January, about the second half. It spawns in groups of two fish, male and female, in fairly deep-water places.
The bottom for his spawning grounds, he chooses preferably sandy or pebble, very hard, rarely when it can be found on clay, practically does not go to silted areas, always prefers running water with standing water. In the northern regions and in Siberia, its spawning is transferred to the beginning of February.
In February, it feeds on small fish, aquatic insects, worms. Fish and fry form the basis of its diet, as there are not so many insects in the water. Does not stop eating either in spawning or after it. The burbot has practically no period when, after spawning, it “departs”, stops feeding and moving, lacks strength. On the contrary, this slippery type retains its nutritional activity even when it spawns.
In the olden days, poaching methods for burbot fishing were common , such as pitted fish. This was due to the fact that for spawning, for some reason, he prefers light stones. At the bottom, the immersed bagrilka in the form of a white plate with hooks was lowered, the fish went to it and sat on the belly. The modern fisherman must avoid such methods, especially since now the punishment for them has become much more severe, and rightly so.
Where ruff — there and burb
It is quite difficult to explain the burbot to this small and harmful fish. They probably have similar habits and habitats, and they remain active even in cold water. Ruff is also considered to be the best stock for burbot, and not only for him. Since he bites almost always during the day, and the burbot is caught at night, you should study the ruff’s habitat during the day and catch the boulder at night, but already the burbot.
Ruff can also be caught on a rocky or sandy bottom, but sometimes it is found on clay. The fish quite actively lures the bait, often at the end of winter, in February they even peck at vegetable baits, for example, on dough when fishing for roach. Yet the best bait on the ruff is the bloodworm.
Usually the depth where the ruff is located does not exceed three to four meters. Burbot should also not be sought at too great depths, with the exception of some water bodies. On the Ob, the Northern Dvina, for example, burbot is sometimes caught at a depth of up to ten meters. However, the best places to catch him are still — a sandy or pebbly spit in the midst of great depths, where he prefers to hold, as well as ruff.
Biting and propping
This fish is very similar to habits and bites, with the difference that pike perch is a schooling fish, and bout is a loner. Both of them grab the bait, which moves in the water column, often burbot, like the pike perch, presses the nozzle with its chin and gets caught by the beard, even more often than the latter, both prefer the daytime hunt, but are often caught at dusk or at dawn. On a dark day with rainfall burbot as well as pike perch, you can catch well during the day.
The baking of the burbot is quite heavy. He grabs the bait, focusing on the senses, the sideline, touching it with his lower mustache, and also attracted by the smell. Very partial to the smell of fish mucus, fish blood. That is why it is better to catch it on a natural bait than on an artificial one. Probably, ruff is also attractive for him because of some special smell, which is unpleasant for competing fish, roach and white billowers, and for burbot is a signal to the presence of food.
When hooking creates the impression of a hook. During vyvazhivaniya he throughout behaves quite persistently. Especially hard to get him into the hole. Burbot has a strong long body, it will always rest its tail against the edges of the ice. It is imperative to use a 130 or 150 mm drill for his fishing . Weaving will create big problems when fishing for live bait and when fishing for minnow. After the hundredth hole, it will be very difficult to get a burbot weighing more than 700-800 grams, and even without a gaff.
The latter, by the way, is a must-have accessory for the angler when fishing. It is not necessary to have a zevnik for burbot. It has not too big teeth, which are a floater in several rows. With their help, he very tenaciously holds the bait, even slippery and nimble, but it is difficult for him to bite through human skin. When hunting, he grabs prey «as it is necessary», often presses it, then takes it in his mouth and immediately starts to chew. Swallows already chewed fish, usually from the head.
Choosing a place
As already mentioned, for fishing they choose places with a sandy or pebbly bottom clear of silt. Burbot prefers white pebbles, apparently, this is due to the fact that it is usually limestone and releases some calcium, magnesium, and their salts compounds into water in large quantities. For the same reason, it is very partial to the concrete structures under water.
The shell is also baked tasty food. Shells breed in February-March, burbot, like other aquatic creatures, gladly refresh themselves with buds of seashells. After mating, they hatch between the parent shell shells, practically do not have their armor, which they increase later. The shell is also a very good place to catch burbot.
Spawning deprives burbot a lot of strength. He tries to occupy places that are not far from spawning grounds, and in winter he keeps around them. Usually, for spawning, it requires the presence of some underwater objects about which you can rub. Burbot is more often settled fish, and if somewhere it was successfully caught in October, then most likely in January and February it will also peck well in the same place. Nevertheless, he still makes some movements, most often before spawning in search of a pair, male or female, if they were not found in their permanent habitat.
In summer, burbot usually hibernates. To do this, he necessarily needs shelter in the form of underwater snags, stones, under which you can make a hole. For him, the presence of a current is highly desirable, and even a strong one is more of a plus rather than a minus. The depth for his fishing is usually chosen from one to four to five meters, at a lesser or greater depth it can be caught only under certain conditions.
On small rivers, the situation is somewhat different . There are not so many fish here, but much more feed in the form of worms that enter the water from the shores. Even in winter, they sometimes crawl out from under their deep holes and climb over. Burbot feeds here, moving up and downstream, looking for food under the snags. You can catch it on almost any day, however, it is preferable to choose places near steep springs, where a lot of soil is washed off with water. Zhivets for him there will be tasty food, but to get it here in the winter can be difficult.
Given the sedentary nature of his life, if somewhere there is a place suitable for spawning next to snags, where there are large stones or concrete structures, under which in summer you can dig into hibernation, where the river has a hard bottom or bottom covered with a shell — this will be the best place for catching burbot. The depth of fishing — from one to four meters, is caught exclusively from the bottom.
Fishing for burbot in February
is a common lure for most. She will be the best choice for those who have never caught burbot, but know how to use this gear.
Bait for fishing burbot
For fishing, traditionally used is a rather heavy oval jigger, which is a simple little body without any bends. Hook soldered with long overhang. It is customary to hook the ruff head or tail, the worm, the strip of meat of the same burbot on the hook. Tees and hanging hooks are rarely used, since it is impossible to catch them with a “knock”, they will scratch along the bottom, it does not like burbot. You can make such a spoon only from a hook with a long forearm, separate from the ear.
On the course, it gives a steady, practically nailing game, deviating slightly due to the flow and then returning, slightly playing along. Some blades, despite the absence of bends and symmetry of the calf, have a much greater catchability than others. This is due to the shape of their calf.
Body spinners are made from tin. This metal even under water has a dull white color, which will be attractive for burbim. It should not be soldered to neiselber, especially if you plan to leave it smooth. Bright metal plates scare away fish, it is important to keep the color matte, smooth and bright. In addition, tin has a more suitable density and contributes to a good game than lead or lead heavy solder.
In my opinion, the bottom bait should be good. This bait was described by Dmitry Scherbakov in one of his videos. Often, trolling is accompanied by a characteristic thud that attracts burbot. You can also try to catch on the so-called «phantom», other bait, which are a kind of bottom spinner, but easier to manufacture. The bait should have a whitish matte color.
Tackles for fishing burbot
For fishing, any rod from 50-60 cm long can be used. When playing a lure, it happens that a fish takes only a knock on the bottom, or a knock on the ice from below, or on a toss from the bottom, or on a game with the rod lowered or standing horizontally, or standing down at a certain angle, or trembling. All this needs to be calculated, to determine your style of play. As a rule, one rod is suitable for one spoon, as usually its game will be unique and made independently. Therefore, it is important to have a choice of at least five rods.
The fishing line is taken average, 0.2-0.25 mm. Burb has a stubborn resistance, and you need to withstand it well. For the flow and the right game, spinners pick up the fishing line individually, as a rule, the stronger the flow — the thinner the fishing line. Also the thickness of the fishing line depends on the additive on the hook, the larger, the thinner the fishing line. And also from the depth of fishing — the deeper, the more chances for a bite with a thin fishing line and less — with a thick one.
they take it less often, they usually catch it in the dark, where the cord is often confused, as it is softer than fishing line. But to choose a black fishing line is a great idea. Usually this is produced for feeder or carp fishing. Black fishing line will be clearly visible on white snow and ice, less likely that it will get confused.
Of course, all rods must have a comfortable handle and be equipped with a coil. It is best to use a good winter multiplier, with which it is easy to pull out the fish, and quickly reel-unwind the line.
The technique of catching burbot in February
Usually, fishing comes down to an active search for fish, the constant harvesting of holes already drilled. Burbot is not a particularly schooling fish, and catching two dozen from one hole is rare. However, removing three or four pieces is common. The fact is that there is such a thing as fish exit, as when fishing for pike. It happens that approximately at one place burbot begins a hunt, which lasts about 15 minutes. Therefore, if there were poklevki — it is worth digging this place and then return to it after some time. Sit on the hole, where there is no bite, with the lure more than five minutes should not be. For those who do not like to go from place to place, there is another tackle — knock.
Fishing for burbot in February
Stukalka — old and original tackle for fishing burbot. She is a kind of a jig head, only of a larger size, sometimes with a flat bottom, so that it is more convenient for her to knock on the bottom. On the hook, attach the nozzle — dead fish, fish tail, a bunch of worms, fat. In some places, on Msta, on Mologa, lard is the best bait on the burbine when it comes to fishing.
The nozzle must be fresh; you shouldn’t catch any fish for every rotten food. Contrary to popular belief, any fish avoids spoiled food, including burbot, and even rotan.
Usually, burbot is suitable for sound, when from the place of its day parking it moves to places of night feeding and back. Biting usually happens behind the beard, rarely does it take the nozzle into the mouth.
Tackle for fishing on the stukalku burbot
Traditionally, tackle for fishing on a stucco is a common stick with a reel and a reed for a fishing line at the end, about 50 cm long. Modern anglers can use a rod with a reel. It is necessary to use a hard udilnik, since the stucco itself has considerable weight, and the game must be tough and rhythmic. Most often they catch not one but two knocks, tugging them alternately with their left and right hands. The rest of the fishing gear is very similar to the one used to catch sitting on a spoon, only more rigid.
The weight should be at least 30-40 grams, more often put 50 grams. It is attached to the fishing line with a diameter of 0.2-0.25 mm, it is convenient to use the fastener through the clasp and swivel so that in case of which it can be quickly changed. Since fishing for burbot takes place in the current, most often the weight of the glass depends on the strength of the current. The most commonly used bullets in the form of a bullet, when below it is flat, and the top of it is oval. A large hook with a long forearm is soldered to the side, and there is an eyelet in the center of the body.
Bait for catching burbot on stukalku
As bait is usually used fish, whole, tail or head. It is not necessary to use live, and a dead fish will do. The hook is passed through the mouth and out through the back, putting it on the stocking. Often, burbot likes to peck on lard, and the one that “flows”, that is, taken closer to the meat and more tender. You can catch a bunch of worms, but at the same time they still have to be alive. Very good attachment — raw beef liver, and so that it bleeds in the water. Any attachments such as chicken skin, giblets are rarely used, apparently, burbim does not really like their “chicken” smell. It is advisable not to experiment with the nozzles, but use the already proven ones.
Technique of catching burbot on stukalku
Burbot, although it is a settled fish, makes some movements during the day. The fisherman sets up a tent in the evening at the supposed location of such movements, storing wood for the night. On a small river, you can put up a tent almost in any place where there is a good bottom. A burbot here walks along and past the stucco is unlikely to pass, since the width of the river is small.
For fishing it is necessary to choose places with a fairly hard bottom. They knock on the sandy bottom a bit more often, on rocky — less often. The technique of catching is quite simple. The small cap is put on the bottom, the line is set so that its length is just enough to the bottom in stretch. Perform periodic throws with the rod upwards with a return so that the tackle hits the bottom.
First, make a few quick shots, then begin to knock rhythmically and slowly. Burbot hears blows from afar, comes up and pecks at the nozzle, which he hears by smell and sees. Usually a lot of holes do not need to be drilled, as the chance for a bite does not change. A knock attracts fish from a distance, like a bait.
Fishing for burbot in February
Catching bastards in February will be the best way. The fact is that nights are usually very cold and I don’t want to spend them on the ice. If all the same it happens to spend the night, then it is better to spend this time in a warm tent with a heater. Zherlitsa allows you to fish in the absence of the angler, who is charged with the task of catching live bait and choose a place for tackle.
|component gear||required characteristics|
|fishing line||diameter not less than 0.4 mm, each hole must be at least 15 m|
|leash||the best option would be metal|
|hook||use single or double live bait options|
|sinker||the weight depends on the depths being harvested, 10-15 g will be quite enough|
|live bait||best to use a small ruff|
Tackles for fishing burbot
The old way of catching this fish is catching on pits. The inlet is a large pole that is stuck through the hole in the bottom. In the lower part a leash was attached to it, on which a hook with live fish was put. He was put on the night, and then went to check in the morning. The sixth is convenient because they can even without ice break a crust of ice and pull the fish up, not really worrying about how well it enters the hole. In addition, the pole sticking out over the ice could be seen from a distance and find it, even if there was a snowstorm at night.
Modern fishermen use the same tackle for pike fishing as for pike. Zherlitsy usually take with a coil and a flag. It is desirable to spot the burbot, as he may, feeling the line or hook, spit out the fish. However, taking into account the nocturnal nature of fishing, as well as the fact that the toes are placed at a considerable distance, you have to rely on the self-cutting of the fish.
As a result, only about every third or fourth burbot is detected. If you still want more active fishing and greater efficiency, you can try to equip the toes with an electronic signaling device. It does not make sense to use fireflies, as the time of their work in hard frost will be only 3-4 hours, and not all night, and if there is a snowstorm or a snowstorm, they will not be visible behind them.
A good option — homemade zherlitsy. They have a simple design. A stick is put across the hole to which a reel is attached to the wire from a piece of plastic pipe with wound fishing line. The wire is needed in order to be able to clear the hole from the ice, without fear of cutting it, and so that you can use ice or an ax without fear.
Bait for fishing for burbot
As a bait, not too large ruff is best. Other fish can also peck at it — pike perch, pike. Ruff usually harvested in the evening, came to fishing during the day. This is a good way to explore the reservoir, its bottom and depth. Where the ruff was during the day — at night you can meet and burbot. Ruff is well preserved in canals, buckets, which need from time to time to clean the ice from the top of the ice and add water instead.
The main requirement is not very large size of live bait. Usually burb is interested in a small fish with a length of no more than 10-12 cm. It is easy to catch one if there is a fishing rod with a mormyshka. If there is no ruff, bleak, carp, and dace will work well. Bleak in winter is caught at a fairly large depth, dace — almost under the shore. You should only avoid the fish with a wide body — carp, bushes. Their burbot is not too fond of.
Technique for catching burbot on zherlitsy
It is very simple and uncomplicated. Zherlitsy place in the evening with the light on the places of the alleged location of the predator, and check in the morning, at 10-11 hours, not earlier. Morning poklevki burbot or poklyovki at dusk is not uncommon, and removing the ventral too early, before dawn, you lose a chance to bite.
It is necessary to do not too much vacation fishing line, enough 2 meters. Burbot does not go very far after the poklevka, but if he drags the tackle into snags or winds over stones, then it will be impossible to pull him out. The live bait is released so that it is near the bottom, in some cases the burbot takes only the live bait on the bottom. Then the zherlitsy must be equipped with a sliding weigher, which lies directly on the bottom, and the live bait goes and can rise as low as it is and lie on the bottom.
In the case when it is possible, a leash of soft material is put in front of the bait. It is very important to put a swivel or even a pair. In this case, the burbot will not be able to twist the fishing line, including when driving out. Live bait on a weak current is put on its back, on a strong one or when it is placed lying on the bottom — behind a sponge. Use double or triple hooks or special living twins with hooks of different sizes.
When fishing, it is necessary to note all the stubs on, so that later it was easier to find them. Flags from them are best taken at all if you plan to sit in a tent all night. It will save from the fact that the stupid person at night or in the morning someone will check for you. Periodically, approximately every two hours, it is recommended to check the stubs, replace the crumpled baits and remove the caught burbot. However, the laziest usually do it in the morning.
The fisherman at the same time uses a mixed tactic for different tackles. Usually, the day before this is spent on catching live bait, in the evening put sticks, and at night they catch themselves on a stick.