Bream is a fish from the carp family , genus Abramis. The only representative of this kind. In the international classification is also known as the Danube, or Oriental bream. In the west, this fish is not so widely known, although it has a large habitat.
Bream is often confused with other similar species of fish — bluefinch, white spotted and white-eyed. These four species of fish belong to different genera and genetically have little in common.
However, in their habits and methods of fishing, they are very similar, and therefore you can talk about fishing for bream, and this will all be applicable to catching these species of fish.
Bream is a fish that inhabits almost all water bodies of Russia and the CIS countries. Fishing for bream is common and is traditional for both the floaters and the bottom handlers. Bottom gear, including feeder, best suited for fishing.
How to distinguish the bream from this four? There are several features that you can do:
- The amount of mucus. In bream, especially in large, the body is covered with a huge amount of mucus.
- The shape of the mouth. The only fish whose mouth is raised up, like bleak, is bluebone. The rest of the fish he lowered down, and especially strongly — at the bream.
- The fins. The easiest and most reliable way to distinguish bream from busters is the color of fins. The first has all the fins black. Gustera pectoral and ventral fins are colored orange. It may not appear throughout the fin, and the reddish color will be only at the base.
- Bream from white-eyed (sapy) can be distinguished by the shape of the head and eyes. The last one has very big eyes, bulging, white, torn up. Apparently, this was the basis for the name of this fish.
It is curious that these four fish have a different name in many languages, but not all. For example, in German cyan — Sieb, and a gustera — Gusher. In English, all four fish are called in one word — bream. Apparently, this is due to their lesser distribution on the foggy island and the exclusively practical approach of the British to fishing.
The bream has a wide flat body shape that saves large individuals from pike teeth, along with a lot of mucus. Only a large enough pike is capable of unraveling the mouth to such size as to capture a bream per half a kilo. As you know, she rushes across the prey, and here bream for her is the most inconvenient object.
Bream is a typical benthophage, that is, a fish that eats food from the bottom. A blunt nose and mouth lowered allow it to find food in the sludge, burrowing into it. When searching for food, this fish takes upright position.The lips of the bream are not too thick, are able to stretch into a small tube. The mouth is soft; it is not necessary to use hard cutting. Even a large bream may well sit on the hooked hook 14 numbers. However, it is usually used 10-12 hooks for fishing.
Has a schooling habitat. Flocks can reach up to two hundred individuals, and even large bream stick together. This saves them from danger, which is easier to notice if you go in a large group. This fish is smart enough. When catching bream releases into the water substances that signal danger, as well as blood. This scares the other bream, so when fishing for a short distance, it is advisable not to lower the tank into the water, but to put the fish in a boat or bag.
Fish has a very fast growth rate, which makes it a valuable industrial object. For three years, it grows to the mature state and is able to spawn, has a size of about three hundred grams. Such bream called podleschikami. Bream is called individuals at least eight hundred grams by weight. The largest bream had a weight of just over six kilograms, 82 centimeters long and 23 years old. In most water bodies, large bream is called fish of more than two kilograms in weight, catching a three-kilo handsome is a trophy.
Spawning of bream occurs rather late. Fish go to spawn on overgrown grass areas of the coastal zone, at a shallow depth, into bays without current, mouths of streams and small rivers. Spawning occurs no earlier than May and lasts until June. In the beginning, smaller ones spawn, later — large ones. In the old days, when a bream was spawning, they canceled church bells along the rivers in order not to frighten this fish.
The largest bream spawns later than all. This is the so-called Trinity bream, which spawns around around the time of the holy feast of the holy Trinity. By the way, in the old days, too, there were bans on fishing during spawning, which were regulated by local princes, and they were quite tough, it was bream as the main trophy when fishing with nets, an affordable and valuable food product.
The fish has a schooling habitat and movement around the reservoir. On the river, it goes up or downstream, depending on the time of year and day, its nature of movement may differ. A flock of bream follows places with an oozy bottom rich in aquatic insects, a hydra polyp, moss, and crustaceans. In some cases, bream eat aquatic vegetation, but not because of the vegetation itself, but because of the large amount of plankton that is on the surface of the plants. This is usually tina. Bream digestion is not adapted to plant foods, and usually it goes undigested.
During the passage of bream at a shallow depth, it is possible to observe the release of bubbles of marsh gas from fish digging at the bottom, which move along the movement of the flock. A large flock cleans the completely bottom areas and therefore constantly moves, leaving behind clean roads. Usually bream comes to the former places of its roads not earlier than in three days, when the bottom fauna has time to recover. If at some point there was a mad bite, then repetition can be expected after about this period. For those who go fishing every day, it makes sense to search for bream trails so that, going from one to another, constantly be with the catch.
Bream — not only day fish. He has good enough eyesight to distinguish objects even at a depth of four meters.But it also has other senses, smell, touch, side line organs, taste. Scent and taste are especially well developed in him, so when catching it, it is important to create a good zone with odor and taste that he likes. They catch him at night, especially in the north during periods when they are fairly light. But the main period, when it feeds, falls on the morning and evening dawns.
The fish conducts constant movements along the water body in the warm season from the very end of spawning, constantly looking for areas with food. Fishing for bream in the summer is fascinating and catching.
However, closer to winter, the water becomes colder, and its metabolism slows down. Bream moves to deep pits, where it stands until the spring, almost without feeding. These are usually pits with a clay bottom. To revive his bite can only a stream of warm water, which fell under the ice for some reason. Often in warm winters, one can observe the bream of a bream on the river after a nasty winter rain, which brings warm water streams near ice in the village or city. In the spring, before the start of the spawning ban, you can catch a good bream for feeder in such places.
In the winter, the fishing of bream in old times was carried out both with the help of nets and with a gadget. Bagrenia is a prohibited fishing method that uses the ability of a bream to stand in very dense flocks in any one place. The bream almost does not feed at this time of year, especially the large one, and is in a state close to anabiosis. But a small bream, which has not yet reached puberty, can peck on the boat and the float rod. Usually his capture occurs when catching busters, which actively feed in the winter.
Fishing on the catch
Zakidushka — bottom tackle, in which the throwing of cargo and hooks with bait is carried out by hand without the use of rods. At the same time they use different devices for the cargo, acting on the principle of slings, allowing to make a cast over long distances from the coast. As a rule, it is possible to throw a load no more than 40 meters. This is usually enough to reach the bream paths and other habitats of this fish in a pond or a medium-sized river. She is quite cautious, and catching her on the float from the shore is unsuccessful, especially in the noisy modern conditions, so catching on the bait is an old but effective way.
The construction of this tackle itself is quite simple: there is a sinker at the end of the line, the main line goes higher — a monofile about 0.3 mm thick. It has up to three leashes at a distance of one meter from each other with hooks attached. When casting the load is taken in hand, a piece of rope is attached to it for ease of casting. The line is neatly folded on the shore so that it is not confused, if necessary — is wound on a reel-self-dumping, a plastic bottle, a tin can or other object simulating the spool of the inertia-free coil. Plot with hooks should still lie on the beach, so their number is small, since it is difficult to lay out many hooks in length.
Seekers rarely set one by one. Usually they make a cast at different places, especially on an unfamiliar body of water, and place them at a distance of at least ten meters from each other. Thus, the fisherman occupies an area on the shore about ten meters in length, placing five or six zakidushek. In order to be able to determine the bite and do the hooking, it is necessary to equip the hooks with bells with such fishing.
After casting, the line is tightened, so that the registration of the bite is of high quality. The tip is fixed on the shore with a small peg or pin. Then on the line set the bell. bream hooks are usually supplied with flyers. It is a stick about one and a half meters long with a slider on the end, stuck into the shore at an angle. The flyer is placed after attaching the line to the peg and slightly raises it above the water. The bell is attached below it, tied to it. With the help of a flyer it is convenient to do hooking, it also keeps the line of fishing line above the water, reducing the number of fishing line in the water and preventing the load from being carried along.
Fishing on the catch is too passive. The fish often deeply swallows the hook, and catching and releasing it is not a question at all. With a large number of pokevok, the catch is not able to provide a high rate of catching, a lot of time is spent reloading gear. However, this fishing allows you to catch a large area at a time in a selected area, find out if there is any fish here, and if you find a bow, localize the feeding place of the bream, go to the bream roads. In addition, tackle for catching on zakidushki extremely simple and inexpensive.
Back Cover with Eraser
This tackle is an improved catch, which has proven its effectiveness in catching bream. It is a bite, to which a piece of rubber 3 to 15 meters long is attached in front of the cargo. Behind it is attached the main fishing line with hooks. When catching cargo is located at a great distance from the shore. In the case of a bite, the angler pulls out the line with hooks and removes the fish, while the gum is tightened. Then tackle dragged back stretched rubber band back.
Usually, when fishing, cargo is brought to the depth with the help of a boat, an inflatable mattress or simply by swimming. The load itself is quite heavy, and just do not throw it. The use of light weight prevents the force of the rubber band, which is quite capable of pulling it off the bottom while pulling out the fish. However, if you act carefully, and the gum will have a small thickness, you can catch with a small load, which is thrown by hands from the rope.
The main advantages of gum:
- You can use a large number of leashes with hooks that are put after throwing tackle — usually put up to ten pieces. The leashes are attached to the loops pre-made on the main line, or an interchangeable insert with leashes is made. This allows you to better localize the bream poklyovki along the entire length of the main line, which will help when fishing on a not very wide river, covering the entire dump down to the very bed.
- In comparison with the catch, the rate of catching increases — less time is spent on reloading.
- Such a cautious fish, like bream, is frightened by the weight falling into the water. There is no. This makes it possible to catch trophy fish more often and not to arouse suspicion among the pack of bream coming longer. Especially important when fishing at shallow depths, where there is usually a lot of food and bream there is a frequent guest.
At the same time, there are many drawbacks to fishing with an elastic band compared to a conventional quake:
- The distance of catching is reduced by the length of the gum. This and the fact that the goods are delivered by boat, as this way it can be taken a greater distance than thrown by hand.
- Care must be taken when catching, as the gum when released can cause a hook on the clothes and even hurt their hands. On the fishing line they usually make a lot of loops, which serve both for fastening the leads, and for fastening the fishing line on the bank of the peg during the hook setting.
- The rate of catching the gum, though great, but can not be compared with the rate of catching tackle with a reel.
Fishing on a donk with a rod and reel
Enough traditional tackle for catching bream in the CIS. Such tackle appeared thanks to the Soviet fishing industry, which produced enough good inertial reels and high-power rods for spinning, which were suitable for throwing heavy bottom weights. The equipment of the donkey itself is the same as the hooks — the load is put on the end of the fishing line, the pair of leads with hooks are tied above. Sometimes they use sliding mounting, special wire mounting, feeder mounting. The line is used only monofilament, with a thickness of 0.3 mm. The weight of the load is usually from 50 to 100 grams, sometimes you can see large sinkers.
Rods use a length of not more than 2.5 meters, usually about one and a half, quite tough for the test. They used to put aluminum spinning, now they are increasingly using Chinese fiberglass «crocodiles». The coil is usually inertial, but you can see without a moment. An inertial reel for such fishing is more suitable, since the weight of the cargo is large, and cheap lag-free loads will instantly fail, given the overall low cost of all the gear.
Casting is done with the rod. The load flies to the place designated by the angler, and the reel is retarded with a finger of the hand if necessary. It is possible to fix the casting distance, however, in this case the rod with the coil will be additionally loaded. After casting, the rod is placed either almost vertically in the current, or so that its tip is almost above the water in still water. They put them on stands, traditionally they fix a bell on a clothespin, which is tied to a stand and flies when hooked. If necessary, use other signaling devices.
The tactics of catching bream on such donkeys may be the same as on the hooks — five or six rods are placed along the coast, trying to determine the place of the bouts. Then, if necessary, rods are placed more closely.When the bite in the chosen place weakens, then again they set it wider. There will be more effective undercutting here, but still the alarm device is rather primitive, and the tackle is rather rough, and the fish will often swallow the hook and self-cut.
Separately worth mentioning catch with Kormak. This is a large volume feeders, which are thrown with the help of such a donkey. The weight of the feeder with food can reach a pound! This amount of bait allows you to attract the school bream, which lingers near it for a long time, and the likelihood of a bite on the hook increases. A large amount of bait creates a stronger smell that can attract a flock from afar. This method competes in efficiency with catching on the feeder, since biting at the baited point of a large fish is usually single, and the pack following it for a long time moves to another place. The main disadvantage is the need to throw a very large load.
Bream caught on the bottom gear and from the boat. This is usually applied where it does not come close to the shore, or when the coastal zone is overgrown. At the same time, the boat must be put on a stretch with two anchors, as it is hard to carry out accurate casts of the bottom gear when the feed is loose in the wind or current.
The boat is great for fishing with bait. With its help, you can deliver a large feeder to the right place, equipped with a visible float, and then make casts to the feeder. It is well suited for catching in stagnant water. In the current, fishing from a boat is usually carried out on a ring.
It is practiced on the course, sometimes quite strong, and places with a depth of two meters. The boat is anchored. A heavy filled manger falls to the bottom, which is tied to a string and placed vertically or at an angle under the boat. At an angle, the feeder is placed at shallow depths, since if it stands right under the boat, the bream will never approach it because of the suspicious shadow from a large floating object, but the angle is usually not more than 45 degrees for ease of working with gear. Feeding trough should go a little downstream from the boat.
On the line there is a sliding fastener to snap to the hooks. This is usually a ring that slides freely up and down. There are two loops on the ring — one serves for fastening the fishing line, for which the angler holds, for the other they attach a snap with leads and hooks. Usually fishing line with leads has a length of about two to three meters, the stronger the flow, the more you can make the length. Leads put no more than three. Most of the poklevok falls on the farthest hook, although it will be farthest from the feeder. Why is this so? Probably because of the natural caution of the bream, which stands as far as possible from the boat, even in the presence of feed.
Now they use advanced equipment for fishing with a type of «egg» or «cherry», which represents two lead balls on a spring mount. The fisherman holds in his hand an onboard rod, on which stands a simple reel of fishing line.On the fishing line is fixed cargo «cherries», which are put on the twine of the feeder, and below the load there are leashes with hooks. At the time of the hook-up, the load jumps out of the string and the fish never tangles the tackle on it.
Ring fishing involves constant manipulation and is more active than on a regular donk, even with a feeding trough. When fishing, you need to constantly tighten the ring and lower it down, pull at the trough of the feeder so that feed spills out of it. The nozzle should not lie on the bottom for a long time, the fish will take it faster if it periodically falls free. Therefore, about once a minute or two, the ring should be raised higher and lowered along the line. Fishing can be very mined, provided that the place for it is chosen correctly. This method has been used for catching bream in Russia since time immemorial, as even archaeological finds indicate.
Bream for a feeder is the most coveted trophy on most lakes and rivers in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. This fish is quite common, is found in large numbers, schooling. Dumping a large bream is a great pleasure, and catching fish, as a rule, goes in series at the approach of the pack. Therefore, it makes sense to set up the feeder specifically for catching bream when going fishing at the weekend.
It should immediately stipulate that the bream will require a large amount of bait. We need a large starter feed, and the constant maintenance of a large number of bait during casting a snap. A bream flock is gluttonous enough, and only a serious “feast” can hold it in one place, causing serial bites. Therefore, success will contribute to where there will be a lot of food that the bream will like.
Argued that the bream kept in deep holes far from the shore. This is usually not the case. Bream keeps on oozy areas, where many insect larvae. The richest such sites are located at a shallow depth, and even occur near the coast. However, due to the natural shyness of the bream, it rarely comes close to the shore, and rarely keeps on the shallows. Often it can be found in shallow areas at a distance of twenty to thirty meters from the coast on the river and at a greater distance on the lake.
This distance is suitable for both feeder fishing, and for a picker, however, the latter will have to throw their fodder with their hands, since it is not suitable for large bream. However, this may be a plus, as it is possible to shower a large amount of bait with your hands or from a slingshot a short distance faster than with a feeding trough. In the same place where the bream keeps far enough, it is better to use the classic feeder.
Shell — another element of the bottom, which is able to attract bream. Usually the pack loves to rub against the shells to free the stomach. A voracious bream has a fairly fast metabolism, and shells are also found on the oozy sites where the bream loves to feed. The rocky bottom attracts him less because there is less food for the bream.And if a shell is created on the shell, the bream will certainly react to it and to the nozzle.
In still water, bream catching feeder harder than in the current. This is due to the fact that the lakes, where the bream lives, are usually large. He likes to walk in such areas that will be very uncomfortable for fishing — overgrown with reeds estuaries, small islands away from the coast, bushy semi-submerged banks and swamps. In addition, spawning of bream usually occurs in the river, and during the post-spawning active bite it walks along it until mid-July, even the lake. Usually, any lake has a flowing or flowing river, and it is better to look for bream near it. It is necessary to recognize that it is more convenient to catch bream on the lake with an echo sounder and a boat, as the fish travels over a large area. But the shoals of lake bream are significantly larger than the river bream, and there it is possible to catch more.
When fishing it is necessary to take into account that this fish has a considerable size and a flat shape. When she takes the nozzle, it takes almost an upright position. Therefore, the leash should be of such length that the bream could easily take the hook, and then take the nozzle from the bottom and stand up normally. This is due to the nature of the bream biting on the float — it raises it, not drowns it. The leash for the feeder must be long enough, at least 50 cm, so that the bream could easily lift the nozzle and not feel the resistance of the sinker and tooling. Longer leashes are usually used.
It is worth remembering that there are minimum permitted sizes of fish caught. Therefore, to catch a small bream with a length of more than 25 cm usually does not make sense, and the hooks are used rather large. Also the nozzle for fishing should be large enough. Traditionally used for catching shura, or crawls. These are large worms that can be found at a fairly large depth.
There is no sense in catching bream on moldy worm, as in this case there will be many poklyovok weed fish such as a ruff, which will swallow it tightly and sit down so that it will be impossible to remove it. Shurov ruff swallow just can not. It is the size of the nozzle that often allows you to catch a trophy, since the small bream simply will not take it, and when they bite, the flock will not be frightened until a solid specimen fits on the nozzle.
The use of vegetable baits helps to cut the ruff’s bites more effectively. Of these, used semolina, pearl barley, and the queen of lechsovoy fishing — pea mastyrka. It is made from steamed peas or pea flour and semolina, it is used on float and bottom fishing tackle. Its smell attracts fish due to its vegetable protein component. It can be used for nozzles, and as an additive in bait. The main drawback is like bait — it is very viscous and is poorly washed out of the feeder. Adding breadcrumbs, soil and garden peat helps to improve the situation, as well as the use of mastyrka as an additive in the finished bait.