Widespread as conventional fish of the rivers, streams, and rivers in addition to lakes and fish ponds with positive oxygen routine. Almost everywhere, nevertheless, prefers tidy water with a sandy bottom.
Length 14-15 cm(22 in), weight 80 g. Body fusiform with elongated tail stem. Nose elongated, nostrils ahead of the cool behind some bloating. Its mouth is substandard, with well-developed tendrils in the corners. Pharyngeal teeth dual row. The eyes are yellowish and tiny. Dorsal fin short, without spinal columns. Caudal short, emarginate. Body covered with large ranges and also without mucous. The lateral line is total, it 39-45 scales.
The back of the minnow dark, sometimes brown with an environment-friendly tint, sides and also stomach yellowish-silvery, on the sides there are from 6 to 14 black, brown or blue transverse spots, in some cases merging with each other. Dorsal as well as caudal fins are yellowish-gray with rows of little dark areas, abdominal and breast — — intense or colorless.
Gudgeon is a common resident of fish ponds with a sandy base, clear amazing water. Leads benthic lifestyle, increasing in the water column just throughout quick activity or in instance of risk, it develops large groups of different ages and also various dimensions of fish. In summer, the minnows kept on sandy shallows and also near the shallows, pebbly dirts, a well-warmed yet small hollows at the bottom of ponds, in the fall of prefer the deeper places with sandy or muddy-sandy bottom in the wintertime are transferred in the holes which follow a separation.
Gudgeon are energetic throughout the day, liking well-lit place with peschanyy or crushed rock base. Although the fusiform body shape allows it to swim rather quickly, huge physical activity, it is no different. In the evening, the minnows are at all-time low, based upon the fairly large pectoral fins. He is constantly thinking about areas where vspuchivajutsja sand or muddy debris. Long or extended movements minnow does.
Sex-related maturity gets to on the gudgeon 2-3 year life (according to others, 3-4 year) with a body size of 6-8 centimeters and a weight of over 10 g. throughout the spawning duration the men have the head, flanks as well as upper side of pectoral fins developed various epithelial tubercles. Yellow eggs (size of 0.6-0.7 mm) vymatyvayutsya parts on the sandy bottom of the shallows for 1.5-2 months from very early may to late June. Usually glue eggs are covered with tiny grit that saves them from mass extermination by predators. The fecundity of ladies of the gudgeon is from 1 to 15 thousand eggs (typically 4-7 thousand) depending on the length, mass and also age of the fish. The incubation period is reasonably brief, lasts approximately 15 days depending on water temperature level. The juveniles and larvae, as well as grown-up fish, leading benthic way of living, by the end of summer season or beginning of autumn, reaching a body length of 4-5 centimeters and a weight of as much as 1 g. Females are somewhat bigger in dimension than men.
Gudgeon– bentofag. The basis of the diet are benthic animals: insect larvae, worms, small molluscs and also shellfishes, as well as partially the remains of plants. In the spring in big amounts consumes the eggs of various other fish. Adolescent fish prey on rotifers as well as plankton rakoobraznymi, the main food of adult fish are midges, worms, insect larvae, partial — — deposits.
As a result of the little size of the economic value gudgeon has not.
On some bodies of water in little amounts it in some cases appears as by-catch, to name a few fish varieties. It is a food rival for beneficial commercial fish-benthophages in the first place the bream. Consuming the eggs of important fish species, it can harm fisheries.
The boost of body size during the first 2 years is 3-3,5 cm Large minnows can get to a body size of 20 cm as well as body mass of 300 g.
In sporting activity angling, the minnow is most often utilized as a nozzle for zivcovic gear and as the item of fishing, especially for amateur fishermens. The very best time for catching minnows is considered to be morning or night, specifically after rainfall, when the water becomes over cast. Capturing minnows can drift pole on the nozzle of the Joker (particularly the fall) or small worms. In the silent waters, and also at depth it is better caught on a worm, on the rocks suffices his fifty percent to also capture a few minnows. Bloodworms nasazhivajut on a hook on 2-3 items, threading the sting of the hook listed below the head. Grain as well as plant suggestions for catching the fish hesitant to bite it, as well as maggots, as well as ant eggs.
Bite minnow crucial, typically he quickly drowns float, yet hooking it carefully, prismatico not to break the hook lip.
The meat of the fish tender and delicious, as well as prized by some anglers as one of the required components of the soup.