Externally, easily distinct from all species of fish. The body is thick, cumbersome, with a chopped tail. Mouth incurable, extremely tiny, fleshy, having in the edges on one little tendril. Pharyngeal teeth single-row, large, completions are curved right into little hooks.
Head small, eyes tiny, with red eyes. All fins are rounded. The ventral fins of the men are a lot longer, specifically in Mature individuals. The skin is thick. Scales tiny, strongly seated, covered with a large layer of mucous. In the lateral line from 87 to 105 ranges.
It is widely distributed, generally in the lakes as well as floodplain fish ponds basins like the Black and also baltic seas.
Size to 70 sm, weight to 7 kg.
The color of this fish relies on the high quality of water, character of soil as well as light problems of the water bodies in which it stays. The rear of Lin dark environment-friendly, sides olive-green with a Golden tint; the tummy is grayish. In the rivers as well as lakes cleanse it is constantly a lot more yellow than in the shady thick ponds, where the practically black duplicates. All fins really dark, nearly black.
Caught Lin the air is covered by huge black areas due to folding and peeling from the skin, formless lumps of mucous, covering the body.
Lin is a regular agent of the lake-river complex of fish. Thick oxbow lakes, backwaters of rivers, disordered lakes, fish ponds, well heated up websites of water bodies with stationary water as well as a sloppy bottom is the best place for him habitat. Lin stays clear of currents and also cool water, endures oxygen deficit, low quality of water and is noticable « lazy person.» He has actually lived for most of the year in the very same locations, leads a singular life, big collections do not form, migration does, other than that during the flooding can take over a substantial distance.
Small teams of lines are collected only throughout the reproducing period as well as in fall, in October-November, when transferred in the winter in the inmost locations of a lake or river Bay, often delving in the mud or silt. The state of winter torpor in Lin so solid that removed from the sludge sampling for a long period of time do not provide any external indications of life. Rebirth begins in the very early spring, in March-April, as quickly as the lip. In this duration the lines begin boosted extensive feeding, continued up until the beginning of reproduction.
Lin comes to be sexually Mature in 3-4 years with a body length of 17-18 centimeters late Spawning begins in late might at a water temperature of about 20 ° C(not listed below 15-16 ° C) as well as lasts 1.5-2 months until the beginning of July, occurs in 2-3 function at intervals representing the moment of ripening of an additional portion of caviar. The tench generates in the structure of inconsonant teams normally on the flooding of rivers as well as seaside lakes with practically pure water, so the process of spawning to observe very hard.
Eggs are laid at a deepness of 0.6-1 m for the below ground components of rhizomes and plants, a lot of it falls to the ground as well as dies from silting. The initial method tench spawning typically coincides with completion of the flood and economic downturn of the water from the generating premises, which leads to drying and also fatality of calf bones, particularly the mass in dry years.
Eggs at Lin small, greenish. Fertility is huge as well as ranges from 42 thousand to 600 thousand eggs. People with a length of 18 centimeters as well as a weight of 200 g outright fecundity is concerning 63 thousand, with a length of 25 cm as well as a weight of 400 g — — 320 thousand eggs. In the pre-spawning duration, the variety of Mature eggs of the very first part is about 50% of the outright fecundity. Postponed incubation of calf is completed very promptly, within 3-4 days. After hatching out, the larvae lead an inactive way of living, the initial stages of advancement are long. Throughout this duration, the juveniles are not to be located in other places, not yet developed fry. On the larval phases of growth, a huge number of juveniles for numerous factors, passes away.
Typical development price differs significantly depending upon the kind of environment, its food ability, climatic problems. In the southerly areas the price of growth of Lin is higher than in the North, as the temperature problems under which there is an extra full food application and also making use of it for development, they are closer to the optimum. In all-natural water bodies of Belarus the fry expands gradually to the end of the very first year gets to a length of 2.5-4 cm and also weight of about 2 g; the second — — of length 8 centimeters, weight 15 g, the fifth-sixth length of 18-20 cm and also the weight is 200-240 g. In terms of vysokokormny ponds with additional feeding line can get to in the initial year of mass 50 g, the second — — 250 g, the third 800, Single duplicates of the line got to a size of 70 cm and also the weight regarding 7 kg. life expectancy Lin in vivo of about 13 years.
In the onset of advancement, after resorption of the yolk SAC, the larvae of Lin pass to feeding by zooplankton and also algae, and then invertebrates and base. Adult tench are readily eat benthic shellfishes, larvae of chironomids and also various other bugs, little shellfish, water donkeys, oligochaete worms, which are produced in silt and also mud.
Typically they consume water plants, overgrown by filamentous algae, sediment, and also silt. Trying to find food tench, like the carp, long dig in near-bottom thickets or muddy bottoms. Feeding line can be easily spotted by the chain of bubbles showing up on the surface of the water.
This fish has substantial business value. Its meat has high taste qualities as well as useful chemical make-up. Sadly, the catches of tench in the natural waters of Belarus was never considerable as well as did not go beyond 1.5% (typically 0.5-1%) of all captured fish.
Has a worth and also as the object of sport fishing. Capture tench float rod with a thin leash as well as a small delicate bobber. Fly angling line needs a lot of perseverance, training and direct exposure as this fish is extremely stolid and passive.
The best time for fishing is taken into consideration throughout the late springtime and very early summer, when trying to find food Lin approaches the coast. In some shallow well-warmed, very early dehiscing ponds tench taken the lure as quickly as the ice melts. Summer Lin fairly fat and rarely takes the bait. In late summertime and also very early September when it starts to cool down water as well as thins the lawn lines lead a wandering life, and afterwards starts a brief loss bite. The most effective time for evening angling for tench is taken into consideration the early morning as well as at night prior to sunset and the most effective weather — — warm, over cast, with drizzling rain. The nozzle can function as bloodworms, earth worms as well as dung. To capture a tench it is essential only from all-time low.
Places to pick angling around the coastal of reeds and also walking cane, in « Windows » among the turf or along the edge of thickets. The success of angling is facilitated by the lure of chopped worms, bloodworms, bread. Attack Lin is various from bites of various other fish that he first « taste » the lure, long times tossing it. This video game can last approximately 5 mins before Lin attempt « bite seriously.»
» Food Lin is consumed in any type of form — — steamed, fried, smoked.