Fish Dace: description and fishing

Dace usually attracts fishermen for its size, meat, value and, increasingly, excitement. In length this fish hardly reaches 25 cm, besides bones very much. Before you start fishing for Dace, you should carefully examine its habitat, what time of year is best to catch the behavior of the fish during spawning.

Looks like elec

Fish Dace common a number of characteristics with the help of which you can see the fish and to distinguish it from similar. His body oblong, compressed at the sides. Scales densely planted and relatively large, silvery-bluish color, and back when this pours a purple blue.

The fish itself is not very remarkable, to recognize her for sure, you need to remember that each fin Dace dull shade of gray, and the ventral and anal fin are different yellow pattern with white edging. To distinguish the eye of the female from the male, it is easier during spawning, the males of these same drawings become redder, and females get more orange and less saturated color.Dorsal fin rather short, and the tail with a deep section in the middle.

Elec ordinary, belonging to the family of cyprinid fish, has a few subspecies, only slightly differing from each other in size and external features, but the internals of the fish are absolutely identical.

Today, there are only two kinds of ELCA is:

  1. Siberian Dace. From the Latin for “Leuciscus leuciscus baicalensis”. It lives mainly in natural and artificial reservoirs of Siberia, this Dace foraged fishing company.
  2. “Leuciscus leuciscus kirgisorum”- occupies habitats in rivers on the territory of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
The natural habitat of the

Elec is an agile little fish. Like many similar species, it prefers clean water – so that the bottom pebbles seemed transparent. Where most live fish is small streams and drains where they can easily blend with the imminent period.

Their flocks tend to want to swim closer to the bottom, but I can swim to higher ground if they lure fishermen’s bait, or they will notice insects on the water surface.

  1. In Russia, this species has inhabited the rivers and lakes of the Baltic sea as well as seas in the southern regions live in water currents in the Far East and the Urals – these fish, for some reason, much superior in size and numbers of their relatives from the Western parts of the country. For example, increasingly began to meet individuals of the unusual for their size – up to 37 cm in length and weighing up to 1 kg, though the average weight of this fish usually does not exceed 200-300 grams.
  2. Desna, Seversky Donets, Western Dvina, Dnieper – the habitat of Dace in Ukraine and Belarus. Local fish is a bit different from the ordinary appearance and, perhaps, the name Dace L. Danilevsky. However, its population is relatively small. Danilevsky fishermen meet and the don.
  3. It is not easy to catch Dace in Western Europe – here he inhabits only a few rivers and lakes the Baltic and black sea systems, but in the Iberian and Balkan peninsulas you will find. Surprisingly, in most countries, this piece of the continent, they were classified as rare species.

Photo 1. Bay a small river.

What is elec?

The main foods are mosquito larvae and any larvae of small midges. But food can also become the adult gnats, and mosquitoes, and grasshoppers, and worms, who lingered in the water, they immediately become a victim of a clever elec. The larvae of caddis or mayflies will also become food of this fish, provided their habitat in the pond.

When visiting the stomach of fishes caught, are often found in them the remains of cereals, such as oats, wheat, rye and so on. This means that in addition to insects and their larvae, Dace are able to eat some of the algae and cereals, the latter clearly fall into the water by the people.

Season activity of elec

In the winter Elets is inactive, begins to fully emerge only after the thaw. During the summer months, it is more susceptible to baits and natural food, but it is the spring fish and therefore the most active time is the spring and autumn period, when the rain and with slightly overcast and a light drizzle.

Attention! It is believed that the most plump and tasty in the preparation of Dace can be caught only in the fall.

Dace during spawning

Reaching the age of two years, this kind of Wake up reproductive instincts, but only individuals who have reached the magnitude of 13 cm and more. The Dace is characteristic of early spawning, usually just after spawning the pike, when the water temperature reaches around 6 degrees Celsius.

When the water the first edge, fish shoals come up from underwater holes and pits, which have successfully outlasted all winter. After the attacks, the whole shoal of Dace will have to emerge all upstream and find a good place for spawning.

Photo 2. On the river comes the time of spawning.

These fish are very “noisy” process spawning, because of their large number in the pack. In the pack spawning fish gather in groups where the females are twice the number of males. It’s pretty much a given that each of the fertilized females Dace spawns from 200 to 15,000 eggs on the bottom of the shelter. The incubation of the eggs takes place for ten days, then light hatch into small fish-larvae.

Fishing for Dace in certain times of the year
In the winter

Fishing for Dace in winter can be quite successful, especially after the convergence of ice during warming. But to catch the trickster want to do it, providing a depth of from three to seven meters, because fish, as mentioned above, hibernate in underwater pits.

Attention! Feature of winter fishing is that it is better to use celkovou the bait – this will increase the chances of success. Another, perhaps the main feature that the only suitable option for winter baits for Dace is the jig. As well as serve as bloodworms, ants and pupae of the orange shades.

In the spring

To catch Dace in the spring a little easier, because the water is not warm yet, so you can find small flocks near the coast. The reason is simple – in the water high enough oxygen levels. In the spring of the answer to the question “what catch?” is also quite easy for worm. Suitable and a kind of sandwich of invertebrates, that is a worm and maggots on the same hook. So the bait does not go to waste, be a little smarter and see the worm, so clever elec was unable to escape after paklava. Effective if the float is brilliant, so he’ll spring to lure fish to the bait.

In the fall

Fishing in the fall in a much more interesting summer, especially if you fish for sport. While fishing prepare bait in the form of a large adult moth. Interestingly, a relatively large fall eltsy can take and worm, but only if the water is a little muddy.

Frequently used bait and tackle

Important! Dace – a fish is not large, and therefore the applied equipment must meet to be small and light. Only using tinculescu, the fisherman will feel the real interest in the “hunt” for the ELCA.
In order not to lose the intended catch, you should carefully examine the following two points:


The daily ratiomatic fish consists of various small insects, plankton, larvae and Tina. Perhaps due to a variety of pikelets very picky about the bait, because for each season, he selects a favorite treat. In the spring of preference for rain worms, and in early June bite on a grasshopper, which advance off your feet.

Sometimes you can act differently and make soaked white bread as bait. This is a sensitive fish, so enamored to stop biting, if you feel you are in danger. For example, if you have already caught a couple of their relatives. So after catching two or three fish, change your fishing spot, going upstream of the river. It will take a little time but guaranteed to double the likely catch.


Catch the Dace recommended light long rod (about 3 meters). Using the rod is longer than three metres, you can easily face difficulty while biting and nuisance because of the looming of trees on shore. Take the fishing line thinnest – 0.10 mm, and the hook is 2.5. Usually the float is removed, leaving only the bait the hook with a load. Maybe the line will slightly swing with the wind, but you will get rid of the likelihood of spooking fish with unnecessary noise floats.

Photo 3. Ultralajtovogo kit.

Like many fish, the Dace can walk and spinning. This requires the gear from the category of ultralight. Spinning gives you the opportunity to catch Dace not only sitting on the shore, but the narrow streams, and boats.

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