Winter slowly passed over the middle: in spite of the thaw, many ponds were covered with reliable ice thickness of about half a meter.
This is the safest season of winter fishing is often called his “gluhozime“. Although here the angler can trap very unpleasant surprise.
The first thing to pay attention to large rivers and rivers with medium to fast current. The ice here is pretty extensively undermined from below by the streams of water that slowly but surely thin ice. On top – a thick layer of snow, because of which these areas are invisible.
More likely is the impact of “bottom” on the ice is where the jets of water swirling from the bottom Svalov, beat up, over springs, or domestic sewage. Typically, these areas do not change their position, and in a familiar body of water you probably know. But in a new place safer to walk on already trodden the trail or frequently checking the ice a successfully.
Near cities and industrial areas there are often water bodies with an atypical temperature regime where the ice is extremely inhomogeneous and loose throughout the waters. At such places should always be very careful, especially after snowfalls and thaws.
A typical example of a pond where to fish in winter, maybe not everywhere, is the lake-cooler by about Shaturskaya GRES. Also, for example, is very insidious in character is the suburban river Pakhra taking a lot of domestic waste water: here, sometimes even half a meter of ice has such a loose structure that can not withstand the weight of one person. Also, always dangerous ice even in the cold on the Oka river below the confluence of the Moskva river, which here descends over a large area with long-term warming. There are places with very poor ice on the Moscow sea, especially below the Tver and in the area of Konakovskaya GRES. Unreliable ice cover formed in the top of the Uglich reservoir – usually the lengthy segment from Dubna to the White Town, featuring power over.
During the winter fishing on still water bodies, especially in reservoirs and large lakes with low flow rates, where the winter is a constant lowering of the water level, it is necessary to take into account that the ice periodically breaks off here around the coast. If in shallow water it just falls to the bottom, near the steep banks can be patches of open water, covered with snow, where all of a sudden to get there, spoil your fishing.
Sometimes ice movements are so great that extensive areas of open water become an insurmountable obstacle to exit of fishermen on the shore
In snowy winters the unpleasant situation happen in the vastness of the large reservoirs, where fans of winter fishing is in the area “water bath”. This stretch of ice, covered with a thick layer of snow after a long snowfall, which under the weight of the snow cover begins to SAG and crack, the water flowing. These baths are formed precisely in those places where over the maximum depths of the ice is significantly thinner than around. The already thin and now soaked with water ice stops freezes and becomes dangerous, especially closer to spring.
Dangerous takes the ice for winter fishing, when the ice becomes thick on reservoirs with great water area, such for example, as Ladoga, Onega or Rybinsk reservoir. Here the ice due to the temperature deformations and the wind begins to burst and forms hummocks, which often get people, snowmobiles, cars.
Also, be aware that reservoirs, especially the Volga cascade, by the middle of the winter due to release of water are so enhanced within that there are huge gullies, at first covered with a thin, not yet blurred by ice. The ice pick in this situation is mandatory, and the opposite way you need to check several times a day.
Winter fishing is very fascinating and interesting, but about the danger of falling under the ice, it should be remembered always!