Tooling consists of the following elements: the main fishing line, a float, ogruzka, leash and hook. Floats for centrifugal fishing rods consider in detail in a separate article, and the rest I will tell to the best of my ability.
Ogruzka centrifugal rods
To understand how it works ogruzka, consider an example. Suppose ogruzka consists of 4 identical weights (1, 2, 3 and 4) having a spherical shape and are located at equal distances from each other (Fig. 1A). After casting snap in about the same intervals of time (equal to, say, 5 h) weights is position “a”, “b”, “b” and “g” respectively. That is, the snap-in will take the operating position, in about 20 seconds. “Approximately” because some unimportant details here we do not consider it.
If the sinker is “1” move the weight “2”, then when you dip the deflection of the line in this area will increase slightly (shown in red) and the water pressure on the line in this area will decrease (due to better aerodynamics). As a result, both the sinker will come to a point “b” faster. For example, for 8 h (Fig. 2B). Then all ogruzka will take a working position in 18 seconds.
It is known that when you increase the volume of a sphere, its surface area increases more slowly. This means that if point “2” to place one spherical weight by weight equal to the sum of the weights of the weights “1” and “2”, then the water pressure will be less than two shifted weight and it will sink even faster. It is possible to accurately calculate that, in our example it is point “b” in 6,5 sec, and the whole ogruzka – through 16,5 sec.
It is important that:
- first, the smaller the distance between the weights on some portion of the shipping, so this site is sinking faster and Vice versa;
- secondly, one weight is sinking faster than his equal in weight, compact group of weights and the bigger weights in the group, the difference is noticeable;
- third, the same weight and configuration shipping, the more it weights, the slower ogruzka the working position.
If the bottom weight shipping is for bite “on the rise”, it’s called “shepherd”. Fish picking up the bait and lifts the shepherd boy – the float also rises and thereby registers the bite. Therefore, the shepherd boy, if possible, is closer to the hook, but no closer than about 10-15 cm at the beginning of the bite careful the fish doesn’t smell trick.
As fishing fans follow the rules of Amateur and sport fishing (at least should be), they are only interested in fish that allowed to capture these rules. And for the fish to over-granulate with the shepherd boy makes no sense. Why Amateur fishing weight was 0.1-0.2 g (and in some cases more) is the norm.
Based on these considerations, for example, construct several grusak under specific conditions, taken from “bulldozer” – for example, the depth at the point of fishing is 2 m, the lifting capacity of the float 2, frankly – the conditions are not standard, to such a depth capacity of the float is a bit large, but, first, this is an example, and, secondly, it may be caused by some circumstances, for example, a large distance casting.
Suppose you want to sh in all water layers. Then ogruzka can be made approximately as shown in Fig. 2A: weight 0.6 g dive to a depth of 1 m rather quickly, each following the sinker will sink more slowly and the hook will smoothly pass all the layers to the bottom. If the speed is too large, then you can make a ogruzka, as shown in Fig. 2B. The weight 0,8 g on sinking rate shipping influence practically will not be, and sinking speed of the hook decreases significantly.
If small bleak “get” and it is necessary that the top, say, m layer of hook passed quickly, and lower slowly, do ogruzka, as shown in Fig. 2B. The weight of 1.5 g for a few seconds to “punch” a four-foot layer, and the last meter of the hook will slowly sink. If you need the hook almost instantly put on the bottom, leaving only the shepherd boy, and the rest of the cargo it is necessary to focus at about 20 cm from it.
From this we can draw the following conclusions:
- To ogruzka was more or less universal (that is, to be able to give it any desired configuration), it should consist of the largest possible number of small weights (but usually not more than 10) which can move along the wire at his own discretion.
- The heavier the sinker (group weights) should be placed above the lighter;
- For catching only the bottom layer or from the bottom, better to have ogruzka consisting of the minimum number of weights (for example, only the shepherd and the olive);
- Weights are clamped with such force as to prevent accidental displacement when biting on the cast, but at the same time so that they can be, if necessary, to move without damaging the line, and the olive is fixed through silicone stoppers.
The ogruzka can be made directly on the main fishing line. But it is clear that at large depths (approximately 2 m or more) may be necessary to have at least two shipping for a single float. For example, the ogruzka of a large number of small weights and ogruzka only of the shepherd and the olives. In this case shipping can be procured separately from the main fishing line and attached them to her as needed one way or another. For example, “loop the loop”.
Leash the centrifugal rods
It is desirable to have several leashes of different lengths, different diameters and with different hooks. If we talk about length, when fishing from the bottom in the still water, the length of the leash is usually about 20 cm, and when fishing on the course in the transaction is chosen depending on the bottom topography in such a way that the hook is constantly dragged along the bottom. While in the first and in the second case the shepherd should not touch the bottom. If fishing is not from the bottom, the length of the leash can be 10-15 cm, the Leash is attached to the ogruzka way “loop the loop”.
The diameter of the leash depends on its visibility or invisibility to the fish. The larger the fish, the she reluctantly approaches the coast and the more behaves. In fact, because of this it has reached a large size. For example, if you do not have in mind the wild Siberian rivers, for more than fifty years of Amateur fishing experience to me only a few times had the opportunity to witness the capture of the centrifugal rod specimens weighing about 1.5 kg And usually at the fattening ponds. To pull such a fish is capable of creating a load of 2 kg.
At the same time, the capture of fish weighing about 0.5 kg, even in the pool for General use, if not an ordinary event, and it is not unique. Therefore, taking into account the loss of durability of a scaffold in the water and on the nodes, as well as cushioning characteristics of the main fishing line and rod, it is hardly advisable to use a leash with a breaking load of more than 2 kg in principle. But in practice, more than enough, and 1.5 kg.
The main fishing line
The main line needs to be stronger leash, as well as the leashes short enough that, if possible, and unobtrusive (i.e., minimal diameter). It should be noted the manipulation of producers with the term “breaking load” and “diameter”. Examples of when a very respected manufacturers real diameter of the line up to 25% more than claimed.
To verify the actual breaking load to conform is difficult enough, but to think that there is the same mess. Therefore, in order not to miss and at the toe not to cut all the attachments at the tip of the rod, it is advisable to take the concepts and leashes for fishing lines of the same series. Then certainly the main fishing line and leashes will be real or unreal, but guaranteed different diameters and breaking loads.
For example, take a series of woods FORMAX RIG MASTER (unwinding 50 m):
- diameter: 0.10 mm breaking load: 1.4 kg;
- diameter: 0.12 mm breaking load: 2 kg;
- diameter: 0.14 mm, breaking load: 2.6 kg;
- diameter: 0.16 mm, breaking load: 3.5 kg;
- diameter: 0.18 mm breaking load: 4.5 kg;
- diameter: 0.20 mm, breaking load: 5,3 kg.
Above, we have determined the breaking load of the leash is 1.5 kg, when fishing for feeding pond – 2 kg. In this example, the line diameter of 0.10 mm and 0.12 mm, respectively. Therefore, as the main in the first case, it is quite suitable monofilament diameter 0.12 mm, the second – 0,14 mm. Then, even if according to the manufacturer tensile strength does not correspond to the reality, open all snap-ins will not.
The total harness length shall not exceed the length of the rod by more than 20-30 cm, otherwise you may have problems when casting.