The types and characteristics of fishing reels

Most reels for fishing more or less universal and allow to use them for different types of fishing. But we will try to consider the types of reels for fishing and their characteristics in more detail.

In the beginning of its history, the fishing reel was intended only for convenient stowage of fishing line on the fishing rod. Later, they became an integral part of almost all the rods and are used for casting, playing a fish, and for the transaction of bait in the water column (e.g., in angling spinning reel).

The types of fishing reels:

Spinning reel

This kind of fishing reels most popular option among fishermen and most versatile from spinnings.

In spinning the reel during the cast, the line just jumps off the spool that is stationary – this allows you to make more accurate and long casting.
Winding fishing line on a spool is produced by folding the arms (line bale).

Spinning reels are open, closed or semi-closed spool.

Spinning fishing reels have a small flaw – they often twist the line a bit when winding, which leads to accelerated wear of the same fishing line, and decreases a little casting distance. The impact of this shortage on the braided line even more.

The inertia reel

The simplest and most inexpensive of the coil. Basically, these coils are not equipped with a braking mechanism at the time of casting. Therefore, the fishermen have to slow down the spool with your finger during the cast to avoid unnecessary gathering of fishing line and tangling.

Only a few models have a system of automatic braking at the time of casting, the fishing line exerts a pressure on a special lever, which in turn “controls” the brake mechanism. Also, there are models in which the fisherman himself can set the braking force depending on the weight throw bait, or shipping.

Baitcasting reel (animation cartoons)

Though it is one of the types of inertia reels, but their structure is different they should be considered separately.

At the moment, baitcasting fishing reels, reliability and capacity are unmatched, and the casting distance and ease, almost equal to instantaneous.

Many models have more functionality: automatic braking, automatic winding lines, braking, reverse and more. Some coils even have a built-in computer, a positioning system using satellite navigation systems, etc.

Some baitcasting reels have a slight drawback is the small diameter spool for winding fishing line – it is important to remember this when buying, given the conditions and methods of the proposed fishing.

Fishing reels – types by purpose:

Winter of the coil.

Used fishing rods for winter fishing. Often fishermen while ice fishing, viviva the fish, put the fishing line onto the ice, where it likely has a chance to break on the edge of the ice. Winter coil helps to avoid this. And on “running” a snap, helps to draw out the larger fish on a thin fishing line and leash.

For sheer blesneniya.

This type almost completely analogous to the winter coils, because the process of fishing is very similar to the winter ice (e.g., vertical jigging from the boat).


Reels intended for fishing spinning.


In short, match the coil are used to “float” fishing match rods. This is a small, often little functional fishing reels that are mainly designed for easy coiling and storage of the fishing line.

Ego replacement.

It is small and light models without inertia and the inertia reels used for catching vprovodku.


Special coils that are designed for fly fishing.


For catching fish by bottom fishing rods. This includes more “traction” than the “speed” of the coil, with certain features that help to avoid breakage of the tackle, or jumping fish until the fisherman reacts to the bite.

For sea fishing.

This type of coils, basically, is material production, which is particularly resistant to the composition of sea water, as well as strength and power.

Main characteristics of fishing reels:

The number of bearings.

A number that indicates the number of bearings in the system of the coil. Usually, 4-5 bearings enough for more or less quality work coil. Increasing the number of bearings increases the weight and price of the coil.

Do not forget that the quality of European or Japanese bearings, is significantly different from the Chinese quality!

When choosing, you need to understand that not always “more = better”. We recommend you to pay attention to the quality, not quantity.

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Gear ratio.

The ratio of the number of revolutions of the handle to the number of revolutions of the spool.

For example, data “a 5.1-1” would mean that one revolution of the handle, the spool will do 5.1 turnover.

Friction brake.

The system which regulates the braking force to bleed the line with a coil that allows to draw out the larger fish, without fear that the fishing line breaks.

System long cast (“Long Cast”, “Cast Gyper”, “Spool Match”)

Coil design, with the inscription, intended for the use of long range casting. It is equipped with specific spool (conical) shape with the reduced height of the front of the rim, and are made of a special composite material with a large content of graphite is significantly reduces for the line friction when casting.

System zero-reverse (“Соntinuоus anti-rеvеrsе”, “Ultrа Lоск”, “Operators Wау Сlutсh”).

System, which with a sharp jerk fixes the severe blows to the gears of the coil, which prevents their rapid wear and breakage of the coil.

Anti-vibration system (“Dyna balance”, “AVS”).

A system that balances the coil, if used, to prevent oscillation of the spool and vibrations: handle with compensator, dual handles symmetrical, balanced line bale etc.

Protivotankovaya system (“Anti-Twist”, “Тwist Frее Rоllеr”, “Роwеr Rоllеr”).

System that reduces twisting of the fishing line – antitotema system.

The amount and type of spool (capacity).

The basic materials for the manufacture of the spool is plastic and metal. Plastic spools are lighter, but metal is more wear-resistant and give you the opportunity to do more long casts.

The spool may be mentioned the ratio of the diameter of the line and its length (up spools depending on the diameter of the wound fishing line). For example: “0,2-100 0,125-150” it will mean that You can reel 100 meters of fishing line with a diameter of 0.2 mm or 150m fishing line with a diameter of 0.125 mm.

Still, spools may vary in its shape: some may be longer, others more profound. For long casts, you should pay more attention to “long”, or special spools for distance casting.

Coil size for fishing.

Each spool indicate its size, but, usually, this parameter relates to the characteristics of the coil, because the size of the spool on a straight line depends on the size of the coil.

You need to remember that the classification of dimensions of the coils may vary from different manufacturers.

500 – small reel for fishing with ultralight;
1000-1500 is a small reel for fishing light or ultralajtovogo rod;
2000-2500 is the average size of a coil (many fishermen believe the size of the universal);
3000-4000 – large traction coils;
more than 4,000 – the largest fishing reel.

The larger the coil, the more powerful and, consequently, the thicker the line on her reel

Some tips for the care of fishing reel:

Do not forget that the operation and transportation of the coil, you need to follow certain rules that will help preserve the integrity of the coil.

It will last much longer, delighting in each fishing!

  • Try to avoid the ingress of moisture and sand in the coil;
  • Avoid falls and shocks coil;
  • The coil should be fastened tightly to the rod (if the coil will hang on the rod, or severely pinch the mount, it could damage the coil during operation);
  • Don’t forget about a sturdy and reliable case for the coil during transport – this will help avoid getting dirt into the coil and damage;
  • During long-term storage, a friction brake on the reel better ease – thus, all internal components and pads would be in the “unstressed” state, which will allow them to keep their properties much longer.

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