Rabbits are one of the most popular animals for breeding. They are unpretentious, and also breed well and grow.
But, like other animals, they tend to diseases who can not tolerate. There is the possibility of disease and infection, leading to the mass death of the entire family.
To avoid such accidents it is necessary to think in advance about the future health of rabbits and to protect their lives. Along with General sanitary measures for the keeping of rabbits, it is necessary to vaccinate animals.
Vaccinations against infections
For the breeding of rabbits, the real problem is the two infections: viral haemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis.
These infections are dangerous for rabbits, but spreading through the family, it affects both adults and calves, leaving from 70 to 100% death of animals.
This implies that without vaccination of rabbits, their breeding just makes no sense.
It is necessary to vaccinate not only rabbits for breeding, but also for home decorative. Although the chances of getting sick are low, the owners still need to be vaccinated, for example, to travel abroad. From the Listeria vaccinated animals from disadvantaged areas. In those situations when one of the individuals of the flock falls ill with salmonellosis or pasteurellosis, it is necessary to vaccinate all the other rabbits in the group.
Inoculation the rabbits do after weaning from the mother. The immunity that a rabbit gets from mother’s milk lasts for the month after weaning. To its end the cubs need to develop their own immunity. Rabbits that are with the mother for up to 3 months of life, have a good development and a strong immune system. But more often, withdraw from mother kids much later.
First vaccination done in 1.5-2 months of age. It is necessary to look at the size of the animal, its weight shall be 500 grams and more. During epidemics, vaccination against viral haemorrhagic infections can do to a rabbit at the age of 30 days, repeated revaccination occurs after 2-3 months.
Vaccines for rabbits
For vaccination there is a vaccination scheme. Which takes into account the cycle of weaning rabbit, rearing, slaughter or sale of rabbits. Novice breeders are advised to use the vaccination schedule, based on the use of bivalent vaccine.
A set of vaccinations for rabbits against myxomatosis and viral haemorrhagic disease, it is necessary to do in the spring. Revaccination is carried out after six months, monovaccines. For each of the diseases to be vaccinated separately. Separate way vaccinations for newly acquired rabbits, or pregnant rabbits.
Immunity after the introduction develops within 10-14 days. Therefore, it is desirable to maintain quarantine after vaccination for 2 weeks.
Vaccines are of two types:
- Preparations containing live infection
And also, they are divided into single or designed one from infection and complex.
Animals tolerate better than inactivated vaccines live, as in their composition are already dead viruses. But, live vaccines provide stronger and faster immunity.
Vaccine complex type that make it possible to cultivate two or three diseases. Immunity in this case is not worse than the monovalent. These animals tolerate complex preparations, it is beneficial to create immunity from a large group of rabbits.
In those situations where it is necessary to vaccinate rabbits with monovaccines, the interval between injections should be 14 days. Otherwise, there are complications associated with the incompatibility of drugs. For this reason, it is impossible to do injections in the same syringe for different vaccines.
And single or complex preparations
Most often the prevention of myxomatosis is carried out with the following medications:
- Lapinot mix
Against viral hemorrhagic infection, you can use the drugs:
- Liquid injection, against viral hemorrhagic infection (Pokrovsky plant of biological products)
- Lapisan gem
For disease pasteurellosis:
Prevention of rabies is the same products which are used for all the other animals.
Comprehensive vaccines. The vaccine combination products are more common, they are able to develop immunity against several diseases. Represent the associated drugs.
In the package there are two bottles containing which need to mix to apply.
- Rabivac VB
- Pestorin Mormyx
- Lapisan Gemix
Preparation of rabbit vaccination
Before vaccination need to prepare the animal. 1-2 weeks before inoculation, the rabbits provide medicines against worms.
If the deworming was carried out up to three months before vaccination, prevention of worms may be waived.
Rabbits must have a temperature within the range 38.5-39.5 degrees. It is measured through the rectum the day before vaccination. But in large farms often neglect this procedure. Animals must be healthy, it is advisable to see his stool, urine color, to view the status of fur, eyes and nose.
If vaccination will be carried out independently, it is necessary to protect yourself and your rabbit purchase anti-allergic drugs in case of development of allergic reactions to the injection.
Vaccination of rabbits
It is advisable to consult a specialist to have injections, but you can vaccinate yourself.
For immunization of rabbits there are a few simple rules:
- Before injection it is necessary to study the instructions to the drug.
- It is necessary to conduct vaccination according to the instructions. The place for injection is in the thigh, the shoulder or the ear. The injection is done subcutaneously, intradermally or intramuscularly. For injection, you must use a disposable syringe, it is impossible to use a single syringe for multiple vaccines.
- It is advisable not to administer them in the heat if the temperature is above 28 degrees.
- For dilution of the vaccine is water for injection.
- After the vial is opened, it should be used within 3 hours.
Most often the instructions to the drugs permitted the vaccination of pregnant or lactating rabbits. But for safety it is better to postpone vaccination of rabbit to another date. The animals were vaccinated two weeks prior to mating, have offspring with immunity to disease. In the case where vaccination was not carried out, the pregnant mother can get sick and be unable to bear offspring.
Rabbits by nature tolerate vaccinations, they will require only a few hours to calm after stress. In some cases there are allergic reactions to medicines. They develop within 15 minutes after the injection, manifested by redness of mucous membranes, salivation, shortness of breath and a rash, sometimes it is sluggish and loss of consciousness.
In the event of such manifestations, the rabbit must enter antihistamines, such as Diphenhydramine or Suprastin. They are introduced at a dosage of 0.2-0.3 ml. To bring the rabbit in a sense, subcutaneously injected a solution of Caffeine-sodium benzoate.
For the purpose of breeding rabbits for meat, it is not desirable to carry out the slaughter of animals for 2 weeks after vaccination. The most dangerous complications, which are expected after vaccination, appear within 15 minutes after the injection. Therefore it is not recommended to leave the clinic or to produce animals of a kind for 15-30 minutes after vaccination to provide animal first aid.