The pancreas is in the body of a cat performs several functions. Body produces insulin, which regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates in the body and produces the enzymes involved in the digestion of nutrients. The disruption of the pancreas affect the entire body of the cat.
Pancreatitis in cats is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas that can occur in acute or chronic form. The disease that breaks the body very often occurs without symptoms any symptoms. Upon detection of some signs of disease you should seek the help of a specialist, as this disease is completely incurable, and over time will need maintenance therapy.
Types of pancreatitis in cats
The disease occurs in two clinical forms: acute and chronic.
In chronic type of pancreatitis in cats symptoms symptoms was observed. In connection with this treatment, as a rule, late. Pancreatitis begin to heal, when the disease becomes severe.
In the acute form of pancreatitis in cats of all the symptoms, diagnosing the disease difficult. The treatment begins in a timely manner and gives a positive result.
Causes of pancreatitis in cats
Malfunction of the pancreas leads to inflammatory processes and metabolic disorders in the body of a cat in the animal senses weakness. It can be caused by several reasons.
Pancreatitis developswhen the power of the animal is not balanced and includes lots of fatty, spicy or salty foods. Iron ceases to work if the animal uses very hot or cold foods.
A violation of the regime and diet is linked to overweight, which is reflected in the work of the authority.
Pancreatitis is commonly observed in debilitated and malnourished cats.
The causes of the disease can also be:
- high cholesterol;
- excess calcium in the body cats;
- injury of abdominal cavity organs;
- poisoning with the potent substances or prolonged use of medicines;
- the incidence of helminths;
- diabetes mellitus, chronic liver disease and the gastrointestinal tract;
- stressful condition when a sudden change in diet, during pregnancy or after lambing;
- advanced age of the animal.
Pancreatitis in cats symptoms and treatment
Signs of the disease resemble the primary infection, which is characterized by constant severe vomiting, liquid stool with sour smell, heart palpitations and frequent breath.
The cat observed increase in body temperature, stomach in the intestines by touching it becomes painful.
The mucous surface of the pet acquire a slight yellow tint. He feels a constant weakness, drowsiness and apathy. The coat becomes dull.
In the abdomen the fermentation gases, which is accompanied by loud sounds.
Pancreatitis symptoms may not occur all at once or be repeated periodically.
In the case of repeated manifestations of symptoms of pancreatitis in cats, flatulence, abdominal pain, violation of the chair should immediately contact a specialist for help.
If the survey pancreatitis will be excluded, the cat will be prescribed treatment of existing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Acute pancreatitis in cats is characterized by additional features. The animal lost appetite, frequent urge to vomit, diarrhea.
Pain in the intestines of the animal diagnosing is very difficult because the animal is hiding, avoids contact, constantly lies in a secluded corner.
The cat may increase the body temperature, abnormal heart rhythm and breathing.
On external signs to diagnose the disease almost impossible. These symptoms characterize other diseases of the digestive system.
The veterinary doctor after examining will appoint an additional examination of a pet that includes:
- An ultrasound of the abdomen for signs of swelling and displacement of the pancreas;
- a biopsy of the pancreas;
- biochemical analysis of blood;
- the analysis of urine.
Treatment of pancreatitis in cats
If the disease pancreatitis in the cat identified in the initial stage, enough to eliminate its cause and prescribe a course of treatment and to choose a diet.
In severe course of the disease the cat may be prescribed a number of drugs to ease her condition. As a rule, enzymes to improve digestion, anti-inflammatory corticosteroids, antibacterial agents to suppress the infection in the body. The required medication, whose action is aimed at normalization of the digestive and respiratory system and heart symptoms of diabetes.
For the treatment of pancreatitis analgesics used to reduce pain, antiemetics, and drugs against dehydration.
After treatment is completed, re-ultrasound examination and laboratory blood and urine tests.
For the treatment of pancreatitis are very commonly used traditional medicines. The recommended use of the choleretic fees, which include St. John’s wort, horsetail, marsh cottonweed, a series, sage, pharmacy chamomile, calendula, burdock root, and wormwood.
As a preventive measure and as a maintenance therapy, a special diet is prescribed.
Clinical nutrition in pancreatitis in cats
To prevent exacerbation of the disease, cats are assigned a special diet that includes low-fat soups, boiled chicken or Turkey, lean fish boiled, well boiled porridge made from rice or Hercules. Permitted use in a small amount of boiled carrots, zucchini and potatoes.
To maintain the animal in normal condition is required to follow a few simple rules of feeding:
- the cat should be fed frequently in small portions;
- to avoid eating hot or cold foods;
- meat and fish use only boiled, chopped or small pieces;
- should ensure the permanent access of the animal to the water;
- to exclude from the consumption of raw vegetables, getting fat and salty foods, dairy products and eggs;
- do not feed pet leftovers from the table, the food needs to be cooked separately.
After suffering inflammation of the pancreas will not be able to work. The disease may occur periodically.
In order to prevent further cases of the disease should strictly adhere to assigned therapeutic diet, to eliminate overfeeding.
Sometimes the animal to maintain the activity of the pancreas can be prescribed digestive enzymes.
In the case of aggravation of the disease should adhere to the following diet.
On the first day of the disease to limit the intake of food, it is advisable to offer the cat a well-boiled porridge. In case of repeated attacks of vomiting meal cancel. The use of drugs only by prescription.
On the second day you can use omelette, a small amount of carrot juice.
After a few days it is possible to use low-fat cottage cheese or yogurt. If vomiting is absent, it is recommended the use of boiled meat chicken, rabbit, Turkey or low-fat sea fish.