Any pet has to be taught as a preventive measure, the immune system able to recognize different pathogens and to effectively deal with them.
To vaccinate even those Pets that are not released to the street, because the virus can bring the master at his shoes, accidentally stepping on the urine or feces of a sick animal. There is such a dangerous disease such as rhinotracheitis in cats symptoms and treatment which consider in more detail.
What is this disease?
Rhinotracheitis cats is an infectious diseasethat causes herpes of the first type. This pathogen is able to affect only domestic and wild cats of all ages. It is not dangerous to humans and other Pets. The virus has a high degree of boleznennostew. Outside the body it withstands and alkaline environment, and heat and can remain alive for 9 months. Even formalin is not able to immediately neutralize: this will require 10 minutes of impact.
Inside the body to inactivate the pathogen even more difficult. A lot of patients or carriers of the virus among the animals that live on the street. There is no one to treat, so these individuals transmit the disease further. Rhinotracheitis affects the eyes and respiratory system.
Ways of infection
Viral rhinotracheitis in cats is very common. The main route of infection – aerogenic and contact. Infected cat through the air, food, care items, if direct contact with discharge from the eyes, nose, mouth of a sick animal. The source of infection may be the person who was in contact with a carrier of the virus. In this case the infection can be located on his hands, clothes and shoes.
If a cat ill with infectious rhinotracheitis, the pathogen can reside in the respiratory tract of about 50 days. In addition, when a concealed carrier, the virus can again be activated and will be re-release into the environment. You need to remember that I had been ill cats the immune system is not maintained for life , and after some time they again get infected.
When developing rhinotracheitis in cats, the symptoms of a disease accrue rapidly. From the eyes and nose appear expiration, usually purulent. Mucous membranes of these organs become inflamed, affects the entire respiratory system, there is hoarseness and cough.
The disease occurs in two forms: acute and chronic.
Symptoms in the acute form are shown very clearly. First, sharply rising temperatures up to 40 degrees, which lasts two or three days. The cat becomes lethargic, she lost appetite.
Develop the following symptoms:
- runny nose;
- soreness in the trachea and larynx;
The animal begins to sneeze, a few days later a cough, and when breathing listening wheezing. In the mouth there are ulcers and salivation occurs. In the throat it accumulates a large amount of secretions, causing vomiting may occur. Intake of water and food is difficult. In most cases, the disease gets better in 7 – 10 days. If the disease is delayed, then there is intestinal atony and constipation.
Rhinotracheitis in kittens may be complicated by conjunctivitis and interstitial pneumonia. If you catch a pregnant cat, she was born dead kittens.
Goes untreated the acute form becomes chronic. In this case, the symptoms of rhinotracheitis in cats disappear, and the owner terminates the treatment of the pet. However, the infection remains and the animal becomes a latent carrier. Any unfavorable factors may continue to cause periodic relapses.
Treatment at home
There are no specific antiviral drugs that would help cure infectious rhinotracheitis of cats. The causative agent is inactivated at high temperature, so the pet should be in a warm place and do not SuperCool. It is recommended to drink warm water.
Be sure to isolate sick animals from the healthy. The room and care items (bowls, litter, etc.) should be treated regularly with disinfectants and detergents. A good effect has a complex treatment that are aimed at relieving symptoms, maintaining animal immunity, prevention of joining a secondary infection.
Immunomodulators and antiviral drugs
The effectiveness of treatment of an infectious disease depends on the immune status of the animal. When rhinotracheitis in cats treatment at home is carried out with the help of immunomodulators and Immunostimulants.
Such drugs include:
- Imunofan in cancer;
- solution Maximina;
If intramuscular injections do not, then you can replace them with the drug Gamavit Forte. It contains a double set of nutrients.
As a component of comprehensive treatment of rhinotracheitis of cats used antiviral drugs for systemic effects:
Antibiotics are not able to influence the viruses, but when rhinotracheitis cats quite often join a secondary bacterial infection.
In this case it is necessary to spend treatment of such diseases in the home antibacterial drugs:
- The resorption;
- Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone, Cefazolin;
- Amoxicillin, Synulox.
Quite often the use of antibiotics accompanied by allergic reactions, so the animal should be given antihistamines: Cethrin loratadine, claritin. The pill is divided into 8 parts, crushed, mixed with water and give to drink a cat from a spoon or put in her mouth with a syringe without a needle.
Local and symptomatic therapy
Treatment of infectious rhinotracheitis in the home should be accompanied by daily hygienic procedures for cleaning the eyes and nose with special antiseptics. It is impossible for the use of antimicrobial eye drops and ointments that contain corticosteroids because they can cause ulcerative lesions.
Eye treatment carry out the following preparations:
- Tobrex Drops, Anandin, Chloramphenicol, Serecid;
- one percent tetracycline eye ointment;
- immunoglobulin of Vitafel;
- ointment Acyclovir.
Nasal and oral cavity are treated in the following way:
- if you have ulcers, the surface of the oral cavity for disinfection lubricated with Chlorhexidine and Efficient, and for healing – gels and Solcoseryl Actovegin;
- in the nasal passages buried drops Anandin and immunoglobulin of Vitafel;
- to dissolve thick mucous secretions use inhalation of ultrasonic nebulizer, adding saline to Fluimucil in liquid form.
If the animal’s body temperature rose above 39.5 degrees, the use of such antipyretic drugsas Ketofen and Lexicon. Paracetamol is prohibited to give the animals due to its high toxicity.
If left untreated viral rhinotracheitis cats, then there are a variety of complications. The most formidable of them was dehydration and exhaustion. If the animal is severely weakened, you can join a bacterial infection and developed pneumonia. This condition often leads to death.
Another serious complication is necrosis of the facial bones of the skull. The forecast in this case, as a rule, unfavorable. Rarely, there is a disorder of the Central nervous system accompanied by gait disturbance and tremor of the limbs.
Care of sick animals
Important points when treating a sick cat is competent care. In some cases, the animal is recovering, even without the use of drugs and only through proper care. But this does not mean that you need to give up drugs.
The main goal of care is prevention of dehydration and exhaustion. If within three days, the cat touches the food, it should be force-fed, because prolonged fasting can lead to hepatic lipidosis, i.e., the accumulation of fat. If possible, provide vitamin animal drugs and high-calorie foods.
The cat is desirable to feed a gentle food:
- warm milk;
- liquid and cooked food of meat and fish.
To prevent dehydration dehydration used solutions of glucose and sodium chloride. In addition, it is necessary to monitor the temperature in the room without overheating or hypothermia. The optimum temperature should be 23 degrees. The room should be aired every day, avoiding drafts.
Discharge from the nose and eyes should be immediately removed with antiseptic solutions, not waiting until they dry up. Also, be sure to treat your mouth, if there are any ulcers.
The premises must be processed twice a day, using disinfectants. Desirable and kvartsevanie, the cat should be carried away to another room.
How to prevent rhinotracheitis?
To prevent the development of disease, it is necessary to apply preventive measures. Animal need be vaccinated. There are quite a lot of complex vaccines that contain ingredients herpes: Multifuel, Leucocephalon and others. After their introduction, the immune system produces usually within a week, but will not be sustainable, so vaccination should take place every year.
The more time that has passed since the introduction of the vaccine, the higher the chance of infection. The first time kittens the vaccine is administered in 8 months, and three months later carefully carried out the vaccination. Failure to comply with this scheme immunity the kitten will not be formed.
To reduce the probability of infection of an animal, you must follow the simple rules of its content. The main attention is paid to recommend food, which should be balanced, and the formation of natural immunity and the prevention of overheating and overcooling. It is necessary to exclude contact of cats with stray or ill animals.
Thus, the rhinotracheitis in cats is a contagious disease that can occur in both acute and in the chronic form. The disease affects the respiratory system and eyes. The symptoms of rhinotracheitis develop pretty quickly, so we can not delay the treatment of the animal, otherwise you may have very serious complications.