Rabies is a terrible disease, in which irreversible changes in the brain and Central nervous system. Subject to any warm-blooded creature: cats, dogs, people, etc.
It is transmitted by getting the virus on damaged skin (through bites, scratches). With good recovery from the disease for the animal – a unique case. Basically the same outcome, unfortunately, is death.
The incubation period of rabies varies depending on the amount of incoming blood infection, size of pet and the place of entry of the virus into the body.
The stages of infection
It is considered that the incubation period of developing rabies depends on the distance of the place of entry of the virus from the head.
The main symptoms of the first stage of the disease in cats are: General malaise, muscle pain, nausea, cough, fever, refusal of food. The place of the infection when it becomes inflamed, causing burning and itching and causing discomfort to the animal.
The second stage of rabies is characterized by excessive drooling in cats and manic behavior. Pet starts attacking hosts, biting, trying to escape.
With the onset of the third stage of the affected animal experiences severe cramps and spasms, he was struck by paralysis and eventually death occurs.
For rabies may be sluggish with temporary manifestations improve the health of the pet. But this is about signs of recovery.
If the cat was bitten by a rabid animal, has a deep wound, you probably violent rage, which will last about three days. In this case, a sick pet will become compulsive, anorexia will be replaced by a desire to chew on items not intended for food (legs of chairs, for example). Then the cat suffers from vomiting, diarrhea.
How does vaccination, types of vaccines
The vaccines used for vaccination contained the virus suppressed. Intramuscular injection they stimulate the production of antibodies that accumulate in the body and destroying active viruses in case of their presence.
All vaccines are divided into “living” and “dead”.
“Live” contain a weakened laboratory strains of rabies: the bacteria are unable to initiate disease, but to thrive. Preparations for the vaccination of this group include: Katavac Chlamydia, “Leucocephalon”, “Kvadriket”, Primucell FTP and others.
After the vaccination of such cat appears pseudoboolean, allowing the body to develop strong and lasting immunity.
Inactivated or “dead” vaccines contain dead physically (high temperatures, exposure to radiation) or chemical (alcohol or formaldehyde) rabies virus. Such drugs include: Rabizin, Chemicon, Filofax LV-K, Filofax and others.
Whether the threat of rabies vaccination?
To start is to understandwhether the dangerous vaccinations against rabies. Because, despite significant progress in the field of veterinary medicine in society remains a stereotype about the insecurity of their application.
Modern vaccines are completely safe for cats and other animals. For most Pets, vaccination is painless. Only a small proportion of it can cause lethargic and loss of appetite, but it takes place over several days and should not cause concern owners.
What does vaccination and where to spend it
Besides the obvious fact of protecting the health of the domestic cat and its owner, vaccination against rabies is also required for:
- trips across Russia and abroad;
- participation in exhibitions;
- if the cat remains overexposure.
Doctors some clinics in order to their safety can refuse service to the owner, the animal that was not vaccinated.
Vaccination of cats against rabies should not be performed at home. First, the drug may cause an allergic reaction in the animal, and in this case not be near a doctor that can help. Second, under such conditions, vaccination details can be entered in the pet passport with the necessary stamps.
To vaccinate the cat against rabies it is best to checked by a veterinary clinic, where the doctor will explain how to prepare the animal for vaccination, what reactions may follow after it. After completing all procedures, the physician will make a note about it in the special passport of the animal, assuring her signature and seal.
The first and subsequent vaccinations
To protect yourself and your pet from a meeting with this disease, annual vaccination last. This applies to cats of all ages and origin without exception.
The rabies vaccine is considered one of the most hard to bear, so the first shot make the kitten a minimum of three months. By this time the baby’s immunity is already quite strong, and the good intentions of owners do not lead to unpleasant consequences for the kitten.
The first vaccination is carried out in several stages:
- the introduction of the first vaccine at the age not earlier than three months;
- revaccination after 2-3 weeks;
- the introduction of the vaccine around the age of one year.
Then revaccination should be performed every year.
Preparing for vaccination
Before the vaccination, the cat should be prevention of helminthiasis. For this approximately two weeks before the intended date of vaccination purchase from the vet and give cat deworming medication according to the instructions. Information about the date and drug store in the pet passport.
And before the vaccination against rabies, the physician should carefully examine the pet, ask the owner about its condition and behavior at home, to measure the body temperature of the pet.
It is not necessary to vaccinate an animal if:
- the cat applies to pregnant or nursing;
- an animal weakened by recent illness or surgery doctors;
- less than two weeks ago, the cat was treated with antibiotics;
- the animal has an increased body temperature, which indicates the presence in the body of your pet of any disease;
- the cat has suspected rabies.
The actions of the owners after vaccination
During the formation of the immune system have a family pet after the first vaccination or revaccination, owners should adhere to the following rules:
- not release a pet into the street;
- avoid contact with other animals (even familiar);
- don’t bathe just grafted pet.
If the cat was bitten by a stray animal
If your cat on a walk was bitten by a stray animal should immediately contact the vet with a description of the problem! An experienced doctor, most likely, will not wait for the time of revaccination, and to inoculate in the same day.
After 10 days of being bitten, the vet should examine the pet for signs of infection. If any are found, then the cat must be isolated for making an accurate diagnosis. In this last insulation not less than six weeks. Unfortunately, if the presence of the rabies virus is confirmed, save a pet will be impossible.
The cost of vaccinations
The cost of vaccination of the cat against rabies may vary.
It depends on several factors:
- vaccine against rabies for cats, which will be used during the procedure;
- the region of residence of owner of a cat with his pet;
- most veterinary clinics.
There are government veterinary clinics that conduct free vaccination. But they are likely to be used cheap drugs with lower effectiveness, although they can provide protection for your pet.
If you talk about private clinics, the exact answer to the question on how much will be the cost of the procedure of vaccination, no. Border prices begin approximately from 300-500 rubles and ends within 2000.