Shetland (Scottish) horse: breeding and also keeping

Today the mindset in the direction of horses is totally various than hundred years ago. With the development of powerful vehicles, as well as the large number of different types of contemporary farming modern technology, these four-legged workers have come to be less preferred.

However yet they still remain popular, although that interest in them has actually lowered. Among the existing varieties it deserves to highlight a Shetland pony, which comes from the largest on the planet.

This horse can be located on various continents of the globe — — in Europe and Asia, Africa and Australia in addition to America.


The birth place of this type is the Scottish archipelago, which is split on one side by the North sea, as well as on the other the Atlantic sea. This is the severe Northern factor of the British Isles. In this archipelago are concentrated on 18 coral reefs and also Islands, among which only 24 are inhabited. The location where they were very first discovered by the Shetland horse has no energetic settling. The reason for that are the damaging problems, numerous deserts, rocky hills, rough environment, sparse plant life, numerous wetlands, a continuous moisture and strong winds.

Although this breed is recognized for a long time, previously, researchers do not have precise information regarding its beginnings. According to historical documents, the initial samplings of this breed were found in the year 500 ad. It is presumed that then it was the descendants of the expanse horses who emigrated to this part of the world from Scandinavia 10 thousand years ago.

Likewise there is another variation of the beginning of Shetland horse. Scientists do not leave out that on the island in I-IV centuries, ponies were imported by the Picts, which is one of the most ancient people of Scotland. In those days the location was really wooded and also favorable to the reproduction of this type. Nonetheless, in the period from IX to X century in this area has significantly transformed the environment that led to the complete loss of a horse. Such problems might adjust some pets — — lamb, field mice, hedgehogs and also Shetland ponies. For numerous centuries the breed has actually evolved and today they represent a stalwart, sturdy with a solid Constitution.

Considering that a very long time Shetland pony lived in seclusion, breeding of this breed happened in between the tribesmen. On various events efforts were made to blend it with normal equines, however nothing ever before came of it.


Do Shetland ponies have a number of particular features by which they can easily identify. They resemble heavyweights in mini.

Purebred agent are the complying with functions: Height 65-110 cm; Weight not more than 200 kg; A strong Constitution, proportional medium dimension head;

  • Broad forehead;
  • Straight account, which in some samplings might be adapted to a concave or hook-nosed;
  • the large size of the eye, located at a distance from each various other;
  • Small mouth;
  • Wide nostrils;
  • Proportionally set ears of little size;
  • Muscular neck with high output;
  • Wide body;
  • A strong breast;
  • Large size with a sagging stomach;
  • Broad muscular little size back;
  • Flat croup;

Strong, brief size well boned legs:

    • Front have the right establishing and also created the carpal joint;
    • At the rear there is also a correct statement, as well as articulated hock joint, Tarsus developed completely dry.
  • Rounded unguis, culminating in a strong hoof horn;
  • Wool contains long fur as well as thick undercoat;
  • Lush hair as well as tail.
  • The range of shades among which one of the most typical is piebald;
  • Quite a large lifetime, which is 30-40 years. Tape for the type is the age of 54 years.

Shetland horse circulated similarly as typical equines. Because mares rather tiny, at the time of birth it is desirable the presence of a seasoned vet. From mares most often appear 1 or 2 foals. When choosing prospects for crossing comply with the General policies of the breeding of stock. Shetland pony — — an effective equine with a well developed croup. Given its weight it can carry cargo, twice the one that can manage her big siblings.


For a much more total understanding of the breed we note the distinguishing characteristics of the Shetland pony:

  • All representatives of this breed is long-lived;
  • Independent as well as extremely bold pets;
  • have actually an extremely developed intelligence;
  • easily trained, swiftly learn any commands, however also bad behaviors;
  • Sometimes can be very persistent;
  • High endurance;
  • The tendency to obesity;
  • Among this type a lot of blue-eyed samplings;
  • Not different the playfulness as well as beauty of motions;
  • Have a rough layer, lengthy mane as well as tail;
  • A wide variety of shades, which was accomplished by cautious option for working high qualities.

Some proprietors, especially the inexperienced, are foals Shetland ponies wrong, educating them the upside-down. At the age of 3 years, they get a grown-up animal evaluating 200 kg and elevation at the increase on its back legs to 2 m, which is really tough to require to follow. It is essential from a very early age to reveal roughness in the education and learning of this breed. The owners should make pets from full as well as unquestioning obedience.

Deserves unique attention zaezde under the saddle. There are troubles, and also it is connected with architectural features of a little steed with round sides. It differs various other animals extra nimble, therefore, just an experienced cyclist can remain on it.

To accustom a horse to ride under saddle on her very first trip in the truck. When the pet begins to follow reason and also voice commands, and also it calls for approximately a month, she grasped riding under the top.


Although throughout time the little animals were incredibly popular, steed dog breeders little anxious concerning the concern of pureness of type. The very first experiments on reproducing a Shetland pony with the proper option started just in 1870. A leader in this venture was a follower of horse of Lord Londonderry, who determined to build on the island of Bressay stud reproducing ponies. Started major job on choice of candidates who were meant to possess not just particular task skills, yet likewise to have the required conformation kind.

Given the considerable payment of Londonderry in the breed, which appeared subsequently, the culture for the breeding of Shetland horses made by this supplier in the first volume of the General stud publication. Although that the venture did not last long and stopped working in 1899, because of the decreasing interest in ponies, today you can still discover modern Champions of this breed, which shows up in the pedigree of numerous renowned manufacturers of the famous manufacturing facility.

Until the XIX century the reproduction of Shetland horses was done just with the engagement of reps of this type. When producers having the goal to utilize ponies as riding equines, they needed to raise the growth of pets. This led to a collection of experiments that permitted to take a number of kinds or inbreeding of the spawn:


One of the very first experiments was developed in the 50s of the 19th century on the Peninsula of Somberg as well as South shore of the island of Mainland, where it was made a decision to cross Shetland pony as well as the Norwegian plotskih stallions. Obtained from parents, the children had an elevation at the withers 130 cm


This type appeared as the outcome of going across a Shetland pony with lead Arab stallion. As a result, the light showed up foals height 120 centimeters

American Shetland

This kind managed to develop by crossing the Scottish mares with stallions of the breed, acne, and then adding to them the blood of Arab as well as pureblood riding breed. Originated from by doing this of spawn elevation was 130 centimeters

In by accomplishing comparable experiments on going across appeared two brand-new classes of the type:

  • A»», or a base type. His reps are animals with a height at withers of not greater than 107 cm;
  • « B»», or fine-tuned type. It’s treated individuals expanding from 170 to 120 cm.

Active dissemination of the type on the continent started in the period from late XIX to the early XX centuries. As well as today there is a circumstance that in other nations, the population of this type exceeds its populace in their historic homeland.

The components

To produce desirable conditions for a Shetland pony, you need to stay clear of indoor moisture, drafts, to ensure a high litter high quality food, clean water, as well as day-to-day workout. In the process of taking care of the breed do not need special occasions. It is fairly undemanding pets, extremely hardy, which can eat the pastures as long as feasible. When the web content of a Shetland pony in the stables ought to be frequently reduced thick hair. Serene nature allows to include in one stall of 2 pets.

For typical development it is essential to offer the animals proper diet, the basis of which should be hay or pasture turf. Due to the fact that of the risk of allergic responses, Oats provide steeds is unfavorable. When the content of animals in the stable they require to be cleaned up daily. Shetland ponies do not call for building. Occasions for veterinary therapy totally comparable to those carried out with regular equines.

Final thought

Shetland pony unjustly neglect pastoralists, although they have adequate top qualities to be looked for in the same way as typical types.

Although they shed on the growth of normal equines, today displayed a great deal of unique types within the Shetland ponies that can be thought about as alternatives to them. All the same, prior to you begin reproducing these equines, it is needed to examine their features. Then this type is not just not let down, however will additionally bring significant take advantage of their content.

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