Few people have a concept concerning a bird, like a moorhen. It is additionally called dropsy or swamp chicken. It has a little size, not more of a dove.
This small elegant bird with lengthy legs and also a stunning shade that occupies virtually every one of Europe.
Moorhen or water hen: description
Marsh chicken lives in the wet yard. It’s relatively rare to locate that the bird agrees to fly. Surges in height it occasionally. Shade it looks plain from afar, however if you look very closely, you can see the distinct plumage. Swamp hens are being hunted, especially in fall when they put on weight to the winter.
The swamp chicken is a common resident of fish ponds with running water or with stationary water. As well as you can additionally discover it in swampy as well as overgrown banks. The bird leads a deceptive way of living despite the reality that it can usually be discovered in the wild. In European countries birds are made use of to human visibility.
Small water hen gets to a length of thirty-one centimeters. At the same time its weight is less than half the weight of chicken and disappears than an extra pound. The plumage of the birds and also intense blue with distinctive slim white bands on both sides of the wings. The abdomen is generally brilliant. Occasionally you can locate birds with olive and brown hues. The wings of the birds are grey and also dark.
Molting of birds can be identified by the pointers of plumes and breast. They become white. Some parts of the body are transformed in their color as well as come to be bumpy. Molting of birds can occur two times a year. It drops in wintertime as well as autumn.
To discover externally, the bird is difficult, because water chicken little dimension. The beak is brief has an intense red hue. At the idea are yellow and also green. Forehead has a couple of brilliant dark red spots. Feet of birds are well adjusted to the land where she lives. It is long as well as solid legs. The claws have an overload hen is a little bent. The distinguishing characteristics of birds is attributed the lack of webbing between the toes.
Moorhen any sex not much stands out. And also the children look a little various. Their tuft has a brilliant pastel colors. While the feathers; the throat, chin and bust are grey in color. They undertail are white. The spot on the forehead of red shade is completely lacking. A young moorhen ends to develop to fly from his birth.
Moorhen — — water hen: function Moorhen refers to the silent birds. Occasionally it might release a sharp as well as loud sounds. The sound of moorhens are frequently similar to the Twitter timeline. They make a curt, loud and also sharp noises.
Hunters identify a bird by its habits. Time of concentration or alertness, someplace in the distance she could barely make an audio « Chur-R-R ».
- In the spring and during the night the moorhen can swiftly shout « crest»».
- During the flight the bird discharges a tiny and also along with the monophonic sound.
Flies moorhen as well as hardly ever without a running start. It flies just in a straight line and also at a fast pace. Seekers release a moorhen in the manner of trip. She draws the neck forward and places legs much back. She lands in an upright position. Straight to the branch she takes a seat. She quite swiftly can move among the dense branches. In some cases able to fly right into the deep wood.
Despite the fact that the moorhen resides in the heart of the swamp, the water she doesn’t such as. Most of the time the bird can spend on land near to thickets. On land it is capable of quickly and also at a fast pace to relocate. Attribute of bird it deserves noting its activity on bent legs.
To day, the number of moorhens big. It is challenging to count the number of birds to remain worldwide. Mainly they can be located in the Crimea. And also she lives in Ukraine, and Transcaucasia. On a regular basis it can be observed in Central Asia. Nearly throughout Central Europe moorhen stays in an overload. On top of that, in our nation, in the lower Volga is additionally discovered overload hen.
Maturation in water birds takes place not earlier than one year. Despite the density of habitat it can nesting sets. In protected locations on a tiny fish pond, can populate just one pair of Kamyshin. For a huge fish pond can fit several pairs. Nests of moorhens have a range of eighty metres from each other.
A nest of the marsh chicken is a number of times above the bird itself. The size of the nests can be as much as thirty inches in late summertime. It was at this time the Chicks mature as well as run over down your residence. The depth of such a residence is 4 centimeters.
While the elevation of the nest about fifteen inches. Their nests of marsh birds build only one material. Quite often water birds use the fallen leaves of reeds from last year. Seldom develop nests of reeds. Can blend the leaves with the discovered roots. Quite rare to discover a moorhen, which builds its nest of sedge. Normally, the material for the nest depends on the environment of birds.
The nest is a loose building and construction. Tray feathered vymeshivaem raw slim fallen leaves. They stick together after drying and have a smooth surface area. Depending on the nature of the surface, the Jack should be positioned on the stem of a reed or cane. In uncommon situations, it can be submerged stump. Water deepness can vary from fifteen centimeters to one meter. To the nest the bird may be close by swimming.
Moorhens occupying kamyshnikova or reed beds, attempt to construct their houses near the water surface area. Their homes climb above the water to thirty-five centimeters. It breeds just in the plant location if the bird lives in a large river. Sometimes it can build a home at the height of three meters. Yet see to it the problem around the water surface area. Like other birds, the poultry lays eggs in water. In one clutch it can duplicate approximately twelve systems. Nonetheless, this number might grant in certain years of his life.
Eggs water poultry are tiny. The covering they have a matte color and a gorgeous smooth Shine. The history they have is just a pale, unclean environment-friendly. In unusual instances, may have rustic or yellow tint. Quite often in between coloring there are clear changes. In many cases it is possible to satisfy big or tiny spots on the egg surface area. They can be light, dark, brown or grey.
Have a brood of moorhens passes twice and only in the summer season. The first time the moorhen lays eggs in the spring. It may be April or may. The 2nd time, the bird may lay eggs in the summer season — — June or July. When females lay eggs in the second or very first clutch males offers your voice. This audio can just be heard at the exact same time. The man will shriek at dawn or evening. The male informs all about the new spawn in the Bush or in the air flying from place to area. Nests with eggs can be seen only during the spring and also summer season duration.
The Chicks hatch only in the late springtime or mid-summer. As a rule, hatching out children generally takes place in June. The eggs are laid by the lady in a day. As well as the nurturing bird happens only at the end of laying. In this case, the hatching is only interested in the woman. The male can remain on the eggs just a brief time. Nests secured only by a pair. The entire process lasts for less than a month.
Fledglings appear, as a rule, throughout the day, and also there are times when after a few hours. The average laying might be no more than six eggs. In a few other situations, the withdrawal of the Chicks can last for six days. While the female do not disturb, otherwise it will fly away to nest in other places. Anxious the bird could continue his paws, little testicles. This can take place only if the nest is put above the height of the high and also the female is able to climb right into the air from the nest.
The Chicks quickly after birth recognize how to swim and dive. Chicks from the first brood may leave parents before. As quickly as they expand to one hundred and eighty grams, they escape in the reeds. There they are entering the nest during the holidays. The second final thought goes later.
Molting chicken from water happens at the age of one year. Generally, this duration drops in the center of July or autumn. Young birds are altering their plumes. The duration of their modification of plumage happens at the end of summer, start of winter months.
Changing outfits at the birds is as follows. down; reproducing or final. Grown-up birds transform feathers during the reproducing period. Most of the females molt from the 2nd fifty percent of the summertime. Throughout the modification of plumes, moorhen resets the significant and also small quill. Be sure to drop plumes. Therefore, water hen sheds the ability to fly for some time. Grownups to the chilly season will have a fresh quill.
Several little birds feed solely on animal or vegetable food. She prepares to eat different water or ground insects. She likes spiders, larvae or molluscs. Autopsies of the birds revealed that at the bottom of the tummy are great shells of snails, pests and also coils. Most of the moorhen checks out the deep locations of the storage tanks and there may find different crawlers.
She specifically suches as to nab from the stem of the cane spiders and beetles. In some cases, she can entirely submerse his head in water and also get out insects. From plant foods moorhen can have fresh berries or shoots that expand near its habitat.
The dimension as well as structure of moorhens
The body of moorhens, like a lot of birds of this varieties is compressed from both sides. She has an effective beak of tool size. Her legs are substantial and she has long fingers. And she claws weakly bent. Membranes in between the fingers of the little birds tough to see. Between the beak as well as forehead, completely missing her tail. The rest of the body to discover the loose as well as soft feathers.
The tail overload poultry is not as well long. Tail feathers she has twelve. To the top of its tail can get to all tail hidden feathers. The wings of birds are short and also large. The very first flight feathers of the wings, there are eleven. It should be noted that the size of the marsh chicken is little. The distinctions in between a male and a female barely recognizable. The difference is twenty-five millimeters in size. The ordinary weight of the birds can get to the trust grams.
Chicks moorhens have some distinctions. Downy Chicks are birthed black and also have in the back of a little olive tone. Head chick covered redovitim down. Around can Shine grayish-blue as well as red skin. An additional body Chicks can through the silver hair. The place of the head and the location over the eyes. Foot Chicks of the exact same color as the body. The beak is a bright orange shade. While on top he is viewed as yellowish-green.
Youthful birds differ from grownups. They have a prominent area on his temple. The back has the lighter shades, sometimes can be brown. Golovin in the young white. As well as the neck and goiter are greyish. The stubborn belly can be white and gray. The beak of young pets are repainted in brownish as well as olive shades. The wintertime bird alters its shade as well as comes to be red.
The grown-up bird has grey and black plumage. It can cast a dark blue tone. The poultry tummy is creamy colored. On both sides the sides are white longitudinal stripes. The top part of the back and also the wing has an olive shade, although that the follower the bird is represented only in 3 shades.
The tail has black as well as white beginning of the end. Legs the bird is eco-friendly. Near the bottom, you observe a bright orange color with red ligation. The beak of the adult black and just red in the center.