Since completion of XVIII century Russian farmsteads began to show up multicolor pavlovskie poultries, they were employed the people « lemmings ». At the moment it is, unfortunately, almost vanished type starts to get popularity once more in contemporary fowl dog breeders.
Pavlovskie poultries description of the breed, look
The head is small, rounded, as well as relocates freely via practically 180 degrees
The crest is squashed on both, has similarities with the headgear, has a crinkle.
On the cheeks as well as around the eyes plumes extending, sinking under the beak, they start to create storage tanks as well as beard. The whole size of the neck chicken has a tight collar.
- Earlobes and the comb is tiny in dimension, underdeveloped. The base of the ridge near the parietal area of the skull, its placement across the head.
- The beak is most often straight, some specimens with a bent beak. He has slim nasal septum, which is visible from the side. The nostrils are increased. There are pink, yellow, and also black-and-blue shade.
- The eyes are of tool dimension, a little convex, the color black or yellow.
- Pavlovskie poultries in look might look like pheasants. Their body is small, straight, pressed, fairly huge. The back is of tool length.
- The tail is the main identifying attribute of this breed. It is spotted, extremely colorful, fashionable. At the base and at the end of the plumes black, and offer the unique variegation. Mid-pen– white or Golden. Distinguish black and also white, black-gold, silver, white as well as fawn of the Pavlovsk type of chickens.
- The tail is fragile, fluff. Raised and is a fan.
- The wings are fairly well developed. Feathers can mean the shapes of the wing, usually firmly appressed to the body.
- Legs feathery on all sides, in the legs there is a « hawk podkolonnik » (« hawk lock »), that is, at the ends of the feathers are curved and stretched like the spurs.
- Characteristic of the Pavlovsk type of chickens four fingers covered with little plumes
- Legs dark colors, commonly blue-black.
Disadvantages of the appearance of the Pavlovsk breed of chickens
If a breeder has an interest in the events, the description given listed below, will help him to properly Orient in this matter.
- Bird program Berkovitsa,
- if not found: the absence of plumes on the legs
- , over-confidence, a little uncommon in color. assigned to the 5th finger on the paw.
- the lack of beard or, however, it has an extreme size,
- the crest is huge and sprawling,
- The shade of the legs does not match the main shade.
Physique, colouring they coincide as the old
- hens, yet differ only in the characteristics
- of males: Eyes either brownish or black, or cherry.
- Neck fluffy collar. Breast stood out stronger than women.
- The back tightens in the direction of the tail.
- the tail is a big, vertical, hollow, has a long, broad, bent tail braids.
- Brief shank feet, has all tones of grey.
- On the feet stimulates are developed, long.
Description of the subspecies reproduce
There are 2 subspecies: Pavlovskaya silver Pavlovskaya chicken and also Golden.
The primary shade of the pen the fowl — — white. Golden chicken
Has a Golden-brown plumage. At the end of the feathers are brown shade flows into the black and also thus forms a border that relocates with the crest as well as neck to the shoulders, back, bird and her reduced back, creating a stylized letter V.
Feather wings and also a protective external feathers of the tail identified the colors, as well as plumes of the first order on the inner side of the characteristic brownish and also Golden shades, with the external dark.
A little bit of history
Chickens-bats with irregular tuft as well as legs as the timber impressed the vacationer P. S. Pallas, that travel through Russia in the late XVIII, fulfilled them in the Nizhny Novgorod region in the village of Pavlovo, then made them an in-depth summary.
In the 19th century exhibition of accomplishments of agriculture pavlovskie hens» have repetitively been identified as « Royal » and always confirmed his already developed status as the most effective national type. However in the late 19th century rate of interest in the ornamental is dramatically minimized, as well as after 1917 of Pavlovskaya type was entirely shed.
Only in the last 20 years of the last century measures were taken to revive the referral Pavlovskaya chicken. This needed to make the initiative, yet still La fresh breeders are at some point able to accomplish goals through interbreeding of poultries Sultan, Dutch breeds, along with faverolles.
Benefits and negative aspects of the type in General
The benefits of dog breeders include simplicity, attractive, low feed intake, high degrees of safety of the young, rapid atrevemos, high preference like eggs and meat.
The drawbacks include a high degree of chance of getting hens unclean type, a rather low performance.
Attributes of Pavlovskaja hens from the point of view of efficiency
Modern pavlovskie chickens come from precocious attractive panel of this kind. Provided the fairly high egg production, fatness, good preservation of young animals as well as vyvodyaschy, this type can be explained as meat-egg breed.
Pavlovskie poultries bred secretive ranches, household plots, ranches, country homesteads. Characteristics of the type and testimonies of farmers can be checked out listed below.
The primary features of the breed
Hens do not come from the giant breeds of domestic birds. Males gain weight about 1.6-2 kg. Adult males can reach 2.5-3.2 kg. Hens — — about 2 kg. Meat has superb flavor features, soft, mild.
The figure they reached average. In the year of Pavlovskaja hens you can get 120 to 310 eggs. Shell shade differs, can be white, lotion, beige. Eggs are oblong. Evaluate 50-65 g.
At Pavlovskaja chickens notes established maternal instinct. Consequently, the safety of hens surpasses 93%. Knowledgeable about the favorable attributes of Pavlovsk hens, fowl farmers commonly confine them for baby-sitting of not only other varieties, however in some cases species.
Hens do not compare opponents as well as good friends, use it in order to boost « performance » and also maintain control of the place of hatching. Order chickens lay offspring in unknown areas, their nests lay also the white stones– » obmanite»».
Personality Pavlovskie chickens are task. They are nimble, love to run. A distinct behavior attribute of fussiness. For Pavlovskaja hens is identified by the ability to fly over challenges, throughout the flight to transform instructions. The roosters of this breed are really snooty.
But as opposed to this trait of the males hens of this type generally get along great with other sort of birds — geese, ducks, Guinea fowl, turkeys. Additionally these birds — are trusting and pleasant.
They are extremely affixed to the poultry cage, so do not attempt to leave. Will be rather suitable, thinking about the aggressive character of the dicks, to isolate themin the poultry coop. Web content functions The array or hen cage Pavlovskie poultries plain.
The expenditure of rich, thick tuft, the high movement and also task of these pet dog birds can withstand temperature levels of our area in an unheated, but shielded from the wind by special buildings. Of course, it would be much better to supply them sizable, cozy, warmed and well-equipped chicken cage. Cage hens experience terribly as the restriction of area. Considering that the activity– their characteristics, it is necessary to provide regular strolls. In the cozy period of remaining in the barn should be decreased to a minimum and also send the birds to the yard until the night.
The arrangement of the henhouse The room for these birds need to have an area at least 3.5 m2, and also a height of approx. 2 m. a home window or Windows. In the wall surface you need to make the hole, the door must be protected. A container is stuffed at an elevation of concerning 75-80 cm Optimal size of the nest–( 35х35х30 cm). They are fastened on the wall or put on the flooring. From the within they must be discharged with straw or hay. The flooring should be protected with straw, sawdust or hay. Feeders must be consistently washed. Efficiently, if there will be leg, after that the poultries will scatter feed less.
Diet regimen routine as well as Pavlovskie poultries are markedly various from other egg-meat as well as just meat breeds really reduced feed intake as well as versatility to the diet. In the summer season they cost pasture: herbs, worms, bugs.
In winter season they have no worry going to the wintertime routine: grain, feed, bran, damp mash, vitamin supplements.
With the ideal feeding one poultry Pavlovsk breed will take only 50 g of feed each day. To make fowl vitamin mix, you require to slice a carrot, raw potato, nettle leaves, the vegetables and fruits (can be dry). You can include white bread, bran, salt, meat, chalk and also fish flour.
In the cold season 1/3 of the diet regimen must be exactly strong food. Remaining component of mash.
For the daily diet regimen of laying chickens of the Pavlovsk type called for:
- food of pet beginning,
- juicy vegetable mix,
- mineral supplements.
Poultries, from which you anticipate the invoice of eggs for breeding pullets, and also hens, it is essential to compute more protein feeds as well as vitamin facilities.
Feed a healthy protein called the following customized kinds of flour:
As well as likewise the adhering to products:
- beans (and also ground them)
Pavlovskie hens in the initial days of life needs to be fed cottage cheese, eggs (difficult steamed), combined with steamed millet, wheat as well as corn grains.
On the 3rd day they can begin to provide fresh alfalfa, clover, nettles, steamed potatoes, carrots.
On the 5th day the youngsters need to provide dry as well as damp milk, fodder and pet feed, carrots, yeast, ache and grass dish, tops.
A sign that feeding achieves success, is a good of loading Sabekov Chicks by the end of the day.
From the equilibrium as well as variety of forage released straight relies on the safety of the Chicks, as well as their rate of development.
Chicks are eaten the tray. Place a drinking bowl, put in cozy milk or hot tidy water.
Taking care of the poultries of the Pavlovsk breed
Hens of the Pavlovsk breed of cosy, they will rapidly fledge. Baby Chicks are mottled, dark color.When the Feathers simply start to expand, they have gold or silver in a black multicolor colour.
To execute the breeding of poultries, initially pick the eggs, not weighing much less than 60 g. Breeding chickens is or under a chicken or in incubator problems.
Pavlovskie hens, as discussed, a really caring mommy chicken. They warm the Chicks, and wrapped them. Instruct discovering the feed, make sure that the chickens don’t obtain shed.
If the Chicks are shown in incubator conditions, the wall is an unique area.
The incubator should be mounted heating units:
- unique heating pads
- electrical lamps from 100 watts to 150 watts,
It is important to check the actions of juveniles. When the temperature level is comfortable, they reveal no indications of problem, consume well, don’t cling to each various other.
If the temperature level wants for them and also they are cool, they lose their hunger, begin to crowd near the heat resource, to get on each various other, squash the weak.
If there was getting too hot, then it is easy to understand to address the beaks as well as frequent breathing Also they are spreading wings, typically exist, decline to consume.
All the individuals of the Pavlovsk type poultries resistant to illness as well as cool. By plentiful in cozy period environment-friendly feed different strong immunity. Poultry farmers that have huge animals, if vaccinated, then the conditions of Marek, Gamboro, Newcastle.