This amazing creation shocks by its originality. It appears that in this unimaginable method to incorporate traits of various living beings. Lives and also swims in water like a fish; go on land like a turtle; lays eggs like a bird; feeding offspring with milk like a creature.
Scientists have long counted on the truth of such beings. Considered him a drawing of the Joker, or curiosity of nature. With a name no issue. The visibility of significant beak, the animal has actually received the name — the platypus. Occasionally called « docroot », « — water mole », and also in England « plasmalab » «. Geographical circulation as well as «habitat The platypus has
maintained its look since the moment of
dinosaurs. According to zoologists, is approximated to be 110 million years of ages. Initially platypus occupied the terrific continent Gondwana, and also after its division, managed to make it through only in Australia. In wild nature the animal is located in the Eastern part of the southerly continent, on the Islands of Tasmania as well as Papua New Guinea. Inhabits the banks of fish ponds. Platypus day resting in
burrows as well as in the night go hunting and foraged until dawn. In the winter season, commonly are active in daylight hours. Approaches of protection Their residences platypus digging at the 1,2 -3,6 m over the water degree under the overhanging Bank. In appearance, the burrow of the pet
resembles a semi-circular cave
with a lengthy stroke. For benefit and security, the beast makes 2 outcomes: one to the surface and also the other underwater. In the dungeon moles water ranging from the weather and adversaries. Platypus can become victim for foxes, big serpents, predators, Dingo. To capture the animal is not easy. Water mole is not one of those who give of themselves.
In case of threat, the males are shielded by poisonous spurs on its hind legs. The platypus is the only animal that produces poison. When ingested, it creates death of the pet and also creates long term painful response in people. Appearance On the surface, the platypus looks rather harmless. The dimension of the trunk the dimension of a cat,45-60 centimeters, Weight 2.5– 2.7 kg. Body covered in smooth, thick hair. The back has a brownish shade and the belly is silvery white. Behind the wide, tapered tail, with a size of 10-15 centimeters It is somewhat like a beaver’s tail. In the tail are kept in the fat gets, i.e. it does the functions of storage. While swimming a platypus with the help of the tail readjusts the movement, «taxis»
The animal’s face has a number of fascinating functions:
- the eyes lie in the recesses;
- auricles are absent;
- when diving, the platypus doesn’t utilize sight as well as hearing, eyes as well as ears closes unique leather pleat;
- the main receptor — — beak, consisting of two thin curved bones with stretched skin, to touch the beak is soft, elastic; length to 5 cm;
- undersea beak picks up electro-magnetic oscillations and helps to navigate precede, to search for victim.
Paws the water-mole lies under of the torso, as in various other pets, and on the sides, like amphibians. Consequently, the wriggling gait looks like the movement of a crocodile or screen lizard. The arm or legs end in claws, in between which there are membranes. The claws help the platypus to dig, as well as membranes necessary for swimming. Paskola clumsy ashore, but in water nimble as well as rapid.
The platypus comes from the insectivorous creatures. It feeds on tiny water animals, crustaceans, snails, tadpoles, larvae, and also worms. On the land is assisted by hearing and also view, as well as under water sensation. While hunting the animal concerns the surface area to breathe at periods of 1-2 minutes If necessary, can hold breath up to 5 minutes.
Broad expense docroot records victim together with water. Along the edges of the reduced jaw as opposed to teeth situated slim side channels developed by slim Horny plates. They serve as a filter for straining food. Fluid is eliminated from the beak, as well as catch continues to be in its cheek pouches. When the bags for the cheeks are completely loaded, pascola comes onto land. He is using the horn plates of the top and reduced jaw and also 2 Horny teeth externally of the tongue, grinds food and after that ingesting it.
The platypus is a wonderful hunger. In the day he consumes a quantity of food equivalent to its weight. In the period of incubation, the ladies eat 2 times greater than ordinary price.
In winter season the animals momentarily (5-10 days) rest in hibernation.
In July comes the mating period, which lasts up until October. Males reveal boosted hostility. Poisonous glands they substantially enhance in dimension. They can be found in the fight for the right to have the lady. The mating ritual occurs in water. The male carries out maneuvers around females, and then gets her tail with his beak. A pair some time circling together. At this time the mating happens.
An expectant women builds a special nest in a below ground chamber. She coach him water plants, willow twigs, eucalyptus leaves. Being in the den, obstruct the entry with an earthen plug. Safety measures aid to safeguard themselves and also offspring from predators.
Maternity lasts three weeks. The offspring the female creates 1 or 2 times a year. The platypus comes from the egg-laying animals. In one clutch of 1-2 eggs, hardly ever 3-4.
The eggs are little:
- length 1,8 -1,8 cm;
- diameter of 1.4– 1.5 centimeters.
Covered with a dense shell-like parchment.
The incubation duration lasts 10-12 days. Currently the female feeds on earthworms, without leaving the nest. Young damages the shell special Horny teeth, which quickly disappears. They are born open and also blind the eyes completely after 11 weeks.
Baby platypus is extremely tiny, regarding 2.5 centimeters They tunnel in the fur of the mother and also lick milk secreted from pores on the abdominal tooth cavity and also accumulates in unique grooves. The mammary glands in ladies are lacking. Milk the platypus is fat, a lot of protein and no sugar.
The nursing duration lasts for 4 months. Right now, the mother rarely leaves the burrow to produce their own food. She can’t permanently leave children, since children are extremely conscious temperature. Without warm, they die quickly.
The cubs leave the den in January — — March, when they mature to 40 centimeters Sexual maturity at young pets comes with 2 years. The life span of a water mole — — one decade.
Changes in population size
After satisfying the Europeans, with platypus in the late 19th century, these uncommon animals started to quest. Fashionistas loved by their gorgeous, soft, warm skin. For a short period animal was on the brink of extinction.
In the middle of the XX century an effort was made to breed platypus in captivity. A few of the pets brought to the zoo in the USA, but the offspring never ever received. At the end of the XX century, the Australian authorities took protection of an unusual types, has actually enforced a ban on export of animals, has developed the protected area. Thanks to the timely activity, the distinct animal was saved. Currently the population of squirrels in nature is not threatened. Now they are the ones who is venerated as the living icons of Australia.
The platypus is an incredible living mystery, fraught with several mysteries.