A worldwide disaster is coming to be prevalent termination of uncommon animals. Our country is no exception— a great deal of animals that are found in Russia, intimidated with oblivion.
However, this issue is not disregarded, as well as it entailed a special state bodies, whose feature depends on keeping the number and also boost of spawn of uncommon and special species of pets.
Red book, its worth
Names animals which comes to be vanishingly little, given in an unique Handbook entitled the Red publication of Russia.
There are kinds:
- animals– 259;
- insects 39;
- reptiles– 21;
- animals– 65;
- fish– 123;
- amphibians– 8.
Some types of animals in Russia, such as the Transcaucasian tiger, the Dodo, Steller’s cow, balleroy deer, cave bear completely disappeared from the face of the Earth. Individuals are incapable to protect these animals, but in their power to conserve various other animals who are additionally threatened with oblivion.
A checklist as well as quick description of a few of the red books of Russia
You need to keep in mind that this is not a total checklist of endangered animals of Russia.
On top of that, the registry of uncommon pets is fairly vibrant, a few of it relocate or go away to another category of prevalence.
- Maybe one of the most popular pets on the edge of termination, became the Amur tiger. It is the only agent of its types residing in such Northern latitudes. To endure he here enables five-centimeter layer of fat that protects the tiger throughout severe frost. Today there have to do with 450 tigers (in 1979 they were 844) that are found in the Russian far East. In our country the victim of the Amur tiger, is strictly forbidden by regulation. Recently, it was made a decision to place several of the pets in the Yakut reserve « Pleistocene Park»». These pets are located in China, where the one killed by a tiger poacher himself the item of fatality.
- One of one of the most uncommon in our country has actually become a population of red (mountain) wolf. This animal weighing regarding 20 kg and a body size of approximately 1 m. the Beast has a beautiful red coat, which was the main reason for its disappearance. He often comes under attack hunters who confuse red wolf with a Fox. The only well-marked external feature that identifies the beast from the redhead cheats— black tail. These pets unify in groups of 10-12 individuals as well as do the searching for deer, leopards, antelopes as well as smaller sized animals like rats. It is significant that they do not excavate on their own dens as well as holes found in the crevices of hills and high cliffs. There are just 10 sorts of red wolf, 2 of which are in Russia. The habitat of the wolf– much East, from international countries– Mongolia as well as China.
- Another much Eastern unusual pet is the Amur Goral, which is a subspecies of goat. The number today does not exceed 700 individuals. Generally, pets reside in little flocks of 6-8 Gorelov.
- Narrowly escaped total extermination of the Atlantic walrus. By 1950, years of the monster that stays in the Kara and Barents seas, on the edge of extinction because of the activities of seekers. Today, many thanks to the efforts of experts, there is stabilization and also a mild rise in the variety of walrus. The specific number of animals, researchers call it difficult, due to the fact that they do not have a special technique to get to their rookeries. Size of the adult walrus is 4 meters, however the real-time weight gets to 1.5 lots.
- Rarity was the good-looking white-beaked Dolphin. It has to do with 3 meters in size. Dolphins choose to live in little teams of 5-7 individuals. Monster attracts attention from the black fins and also side panels. Satisfy a Dolphin in the Baltic and also Barents seas. The factor for the decline in their numbers is discharges chemicals as well as heavy metals in sea water and searching them, put on a stream in Scandinavia and also the UK. These animals are still improperly comprehended, as well as some of the routines of beaked stay an enigma to scientists.
- Once a habitat of Asiatic Cheetah was a significant region from the Indian subcontinent to the Fergana valley. Now they are a dying type and there are greater than three dozen pets. 10 of them are in their natural environment, the remainder kept in cages and also zoos.
- One of the most famous selections of steeds– Przewalski’s horse– likewise now has the condition of uncommon. Just a couple of thousand people exist today. In the very early 90-ies was an experiment, a couple of steeds were launched right into the nature in the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl NPP. There they died, as well as, on the other hand, began to proliferate, raising the population to around 100 individuals.
- One more uncommon pet from the red publication — — Western Caucasian Tur (aka Caucasian mountain goat). Habitat its environment is the part of the Russian-Georgian border. The number of animals fell as a result of the capturing of poachers. An additional factor for the loss of the goats started their connection with vostochnokanadskoj scenic tours, resulting in not able to reproduce spawn.
- On the brink of termination appeared and eared seals, better known as sivach. Its body size has to do with 3 meters, and also evaluates about a ton. These animals reside on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands, Alaska, the leader Islands.
- In Primorsky Krai found such unusual animals as Amur or much Eastern leopard. In 2013 in Russia there were just 49 people. Discover the monster still in China, North Korea and also South Korea. In China taken special activity to save leopards, and also eliminating animals punishable by death. This is a really reliable method, specifically under the risk of extinction of these pets came from extermination by poachers.
- Snow leopard (IRBIS) have actually likewise signed up in the Red publication of Russia. His residence in inaccessible remote regions of Central Asia enabled the beast to run away from poachers, yet nonetheless, these pets left is insufficient.
- Up until recently, in Central Asia as well as the center East have fulfilled just a couple of instances of wild ass coming from the subspecies of the wild Asian donkey. Usually described as palwolui. Lately, among the Turkmen books for the sake of started synthetic breeding of animals.
- In the Republic of Tuva, Altai as well as TRANS-Baikal region while you can still see palazova feline, that is widely referred to as Pallas ‘ cat. This wild animal is recognized for its elegant fluffy wool, 1 cm2 of his body have 9 thousand hairs. Weak researchers analyzed the feline, as he leads a secret way of living and also practically never ever comes in contact with the person.
- Beautiful Mongolian gazelles had lived in the location South of the Altai hills, yet after the negotiation of these territories by people of their population substantially reduced. The Mongolian gazelles reach 80-90 cm in height and weigh concerning 30-40 kg. they Have yellowish fur and also black horns hollow. Their characteristic function is the high task and endurance. The Mongolian gazelles– timeless agents of the steppe and desert areas.
- In the rough environment of the Arctic sea is populated by an additional animal from the red publication of Russia– the narwhal. It expands in length to 4.5-6 m as well as weighs 0,9-1,5 lots. The head of the animal is long, slim tusks, which narwhals are called the unicorns. They live in little flocks, and is able, like dolphins, to release various noises for interaction. Feed mainly on shellfish and also fish. Narwhal meat is tasty as well as nourishing, and their tusks are used in fashion jewelry. All of this put unicorns on the verge of termination, and also today searching them is punishable by huge penalties in Russia, Canada and also other countries of the habitat of narwhals.
- Chinese– impressive little timber duck that additionally are uncommon animals. Men are notable for its brilliant coloration, the women are simpler. They stay in the hills, on the financial institutions of the various fish ponds of the Far East, and in the winter months they fly to China and Japan. Food for them have algae, frogs, and acorns. The destruction of forests as well as poaching tasks the populace of Mandarin ducks has lowered dramatically.
- In the lists of the red book obtained even more as well as Daurian hedgehog. In Russia it is discovered in TRANS-Baikal area, abroad– in Mongolia and Northern districts of China. Leads a secret night life. It feeds primarily on cicadas, beetles and also insects, and also little mammals like hamsters, frogs, toads, serpents, berries and carrion. Their populace has actually declined markedly in the 1960s, when the urchins struggled with the chemicals utilized versus rodents-carriers of the pester. Furthermore, the variety of pets is highly influenced by badgers, which feed Daurian hedgehogs. To day, experts approximate the variety of pets, around 600 thousand individuals.
- The destruction of rodents-carriers of the pester most heavily affected little Mongolian marmot (tarbagan). He additionally brings the worries of the activities of the hunters. Small populations continue today in Zabaykalsky Krai, the Republic of Tuva and parts of China and Mongolia.
This is just a short checklist of pets that due to their rarity remained in the Red book of Russia. To conserve these pets is equally as important as hard. to get involved in this can any kind of.
The individual calls for only:
- respect the nature;
- not to destroy pets unnecessarily;
- feed them whenever feasible;
- maintain their habitats clean, and also honesty etc.
. These joint activities, the people will not just save jeopardized pets, however additionally to prevent the decrease in populaces of various other animals.