Sudak is quite typical in the Western part of the nation fish, but ordinary anglers he understands rather weak. Some securely believe that pike caught is bad or otherwise captured whatsoever, others do think it is an aquatic fish that you can catch just with the aid of angling vessel with internet.
Allow’s obtain this shroud of lack of knowledge and recognize what is a walleye actually.
Family members of fish perch
The first step is to be clear regarding pike sea or river fish. Really both, so both sides are right.
The reality that perch is not a separate varieties, but an organic genus that includes numerous unique species. Two of them are discovered directly on the region of Russia (freshwater) as well as one in the North-West of the Black sea as well as the Caspian sea (sea perch). There are at the very least 2 kinds of perch that live in North America.
To begin, think about the freshwater perch. River fish pike perch Frequently under this name involve the kind of « usual pike ». He lives everywhere in the rivers as well as big freshwater reservoirs of the Eastern part of Europe and the adjacent regions of Asia. We are speaking about the Baltic, Black, Azov as well as Caspian seas, lakes Issyk-Kul and also Balkhash, as well as what was as soon as called the Aral sea. Besides the normal population of pike-perch are located in briny locations in the river deltas of these seas.
Walleye — — the fish is huge enough, by the time of adolescence (in the 4th year of life) weight from 600 to 1000 g. Moreover, this growth does not quit on reaching four years of ages she currently evaluates on typical about 1.4 kg in 5 years — — 2.4 kg. signed up cases of catch individuals considering as much as 15 kg, although possibly this is not the restriction.
The pike has an extended lengthy body, which at the age of three years, as much as 40 centimeters Fish is covered with gray-green scales with a lighter stomach and also a darker back. In the Central component of the body has dark places that in some cases become rather free from vertical red stripes. Being a hostile predator, Zander is endowed with a collection of powerful klikovich teeth, virtually like canine or cat. While the man is quickly identified from women by much larger pooches.
The basis of the diet is smaller sized fish, mainly gobies, minnows, stark, and whitebait. Fish ponds where the fish lives Sudak, definitely clean and also
abundant in oxygen. In marshy and also muddy waters will never ever find it. The second freshwater types perch, common in Russia — a Volga pike perch, also called or bersh bersh. Aesthetically, it is quite similar to a regular perch, yet has a smaller sized dimension (typically less than 45 cm and 3 kg). The Bursch is virtually devoid of huge fangs, though is likewise a predator. In addition to the Volga river, this fish also lives in the various other rivers of the Caspian, and Azov and also Black seas. Cases of its access to the Caspian sea.
Marine fish walleye
Visually, the sea perch is very a little various from its usual family member. The body is repainted in a light gray color, on sides well marked transverse dark bands.
Overall summary fish perch typical is true for the sea bass. The only distinction in dimension. Although the body size is quite significant (50-60 cm), body weight typically does not surpass 2 kg. Due to the fact that the upper body he has an extremely extended and also squashed laterally, all. On the jaws there are also klinovidnye teeth, however not as excellent as that of the common perch.
There are 2 isolated environment of this varieties, which gives us, as a matter of fact, two different populaces. The initial populace stays in the northwestern part of the Black sea, where a fall in such big rivers as the Dnieper, southern insect, Dniester as well as Danube. The perches do not enjoy to go to freshwater estuaries, and are long-term citizens. Occasionally they also swim directly right into the mouths of the rivers.
The second population populates the Caspian sea. Regional specimens have some small distinctions in look from the black sea. Furthermore, the Caspians on the other hand, they avoid to appear in the desalinated parts of the sea, for instance, near the Volga Delta.
Economic importance of walleye
For their outstanding taste residential properties Zander fish valued highly enough. Its meat is considered a general and dietary an extremely valuable product. The material of protein is more than 18%, additionally consists of all 20 amino acids, almost half of which are irreplaceable, that is, the body does not produce them, and also therefore can only obtain from food. In the meat of perch consists of rather a great deal of essential minerals, particularly phosphorus, potassium, iodine as well as others.
The perch is an useful industrial fish big natural reservoirs. Anyhow it was previously. Today, his function has actually decreased significantly because of the tiny volume of catch, which consequently is associated with a General decline in its populace. As we claimed above, the pike lives only in clean and oxygen-rich water. Well, considering that rivers as well as lakes in Russia yearly become just dirtier as well as dirtier, as well as fish populations of river perch in them is likewise considerably minimized. Additionally the disappearance of pike from tanks has been considerably added by poachers to catch whatever as well as in any kind of amount without limitation.
As the item of sport angling walleye are still fascinating, although for the factors given, to capture him not so simple. Now it is a whole lot just in the rivers of West Siberia, which is not so strongly contaminated in contrast with the rivers of the European component of the country.
When it comes to sea bass, black sea populace is noted in the Red publication of Ukraine, and also for that reason is exempt to fishing for any kind of types besides scientific research.
Synthetic reproduction of pike perch
Given that the walleye is a predative fish, artificial reproduction in open fish ponds is possible just as auxiliary, while the primary item of reproducing should be the other « vegetarian » fish like carp or silver carp. In this situation, the walleye will certainly offer a paramedic, destroying weeds and also infected fish, that is, keeping the wellness of the primary population.
It is additionally crucial to note that only lends itself to the breeding of freshwater fish perch, after breeding in the fish pond sea perch, seeking salt water, all the same will certainly not function.
The remainder of the perch for ranch cultivation fits quite possibly. This fish is rapid expanding as well as obtaining a very respectable weight. Furthermore, it has a reasonably high resistance to numerous diseases, and also for that reason does not cause unneeded problem.
Features rearing of pike-perch
If there is an appropriate pond, to deal with pike makes sense just. It needs to be absolutely tidy and as huge. As well as we are speaking about the lack of not only anthropogenic, however additionally natural. Ponds with muddy water and also sloppy coasts is not the exact same place where the fish is walleye. Most importantly it really feels in places with rocky or sandy base, while avoiding locations with thickets. It is essential for the quantity of oxygen dissolved in water.
With all this in mind before you seriously engage in the reproduction of pike perch, it is recommended to first perform an evaluation of the body of water on its suitability for this very requiring fish.
Usually walleye launch fishing ponds, where along with valuable rocks also have great deals of weed (subsistence)fish — roach, grim, little perch, minnows, etc. While unlike the pike perch will certainly not hunt for industrial fish due to the fact that the architectural functions of the mouth did not allow him to consume just « tiny things»».
It is thought that walleye is best used along with the carp, as in this instance, the total fish productivity of the reservoir expands in 1,5-2 times. And in such problems only one walleye can be obtained in the quantity of 10-20 kg per hectare of water surface area.
Despite the predacious way of life, this fish is additionally open to growing in cages. To do this much better from the beginning to take the young makers are not older than 4 years and also evaluating less than 1.2 kg as young fish walleye spawning in such scenarios, there is not a problem.
Summer perch in cages ought to be fed low-value real-time fish (considering 15-25 g), captured in spring in the tank. Feeding is done once a week: all the required stock is available in the storage tank. In wintertime, perch will need to relocate winter months unique cages which are then submersed in water to such a depth, to exclude the opportunity of their vymerzanija in the ice.
At such web content of pike perch feeling fairly good and quickly raising weight. Generating in cages, does not trigger special troubles. It suffices to position them in unique nests for spawning, as well as females are most likely to spawn and men feed it.
The earnings of pike perch breeding
Pretty hard to quantify exactly how beneficial might be the farming of pike-perch in natural problems. Because using this killer in the role of a medic as well as destroyer trash fish main earnings will bring it to the base culture (e.g., carp), whereas a business amount of walleye will be relatively little versus the background. The cost of everything a family of fish perch in this pond, too, will be very little. When stocking of the fish pond perch and then simply to preserve an optimum variety of its populace, regulating the quantity of catches.
This is not the situation when utilizing technology growing in cages. Below, the perch functions as the primary as well as only culture, for that reason all earnings as well as all costs generates just this fish. Real, once more, to precisely estimate the expense of commercial walleye out of cages as well challenging. Below currently starting to have a substantial impact certain variables, which for each employer will have your weight — — the availability of water, approach of creating of young pets, cost of feed fish, transportation prices to the closest huge market (city), etc.
Nevertheless, some quotes still can be. The ordinary profitability of fish pond fish is about 20%. Yet here much depends on the kind of fish as well as all of the very same unique elements that every investor their. As for the method of cultivation of fish in cages, it’s clearly more expensive modern technology, the earnings will be also reduced. It makes feeling to give choice to the extra costly in the retail sale of fish types than walleye.