Recently traveled to wild locations under Kirovo-Chepetsk, to take examples of the water. And, here, on the banks of the river Prosnitsa, thick with willows, poured a sample of river water from the tasting pail into the container, straighten out, and right before the face, the elevation of human development, see natural flower of the potato.
On willow Bush. This is hard with something perplexed: stellate Corolla lilac-purple, yellow column of fused endurances in the centre. And just after that observe a twining stem with fallen leaves, looks like the shape of a lengthened heart like a loach.
What is this vine growing in our location in the wild, of the nightshade family members? As it turned out, this is a typical varieties of the household, bittersweet nightshade(lat. Solanum dulcamara ), some consider him a creeper, some polukustarnikovoe.
However right here he uses willow thickets for assistance. It’s harmful (like many Solanaceae)plant used in herbal remedies. Bittersweet nightshade(lat. Solanum dulcamara)is a types of Nightshade( Solanum)of the Nightshade household(Solanaceae). The varieties name of the plant connected with his fruit — berries that are very first green, after that yellow, and as they Mature turn red, and if they fracture, after that felt the preference at first pleasant, after that bitter.
Vernacular names,primarily dissonant and also not trigger the big regard to this plant: Herald berries, wolf berries, listewnik, rattlesnake lawn. However there are names symptomatic of a its medicinal homes: scrofula, mother-grass. Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara )belongs to the family Solanaceae and also is distributed in subtropical and warm areas of Europe, North Africa, Eastern and also Western Asia, and also North America. In our nation it can be found throughout the European component of Russia (other than the much North, the Volga as well as the Lower Volga), the Caucasus, South of Western and also Eastern Siberia.
The plant favors abundant and also abundant dirt in moist woods and also thickets, especially in willows as well as black alder woodlands, financial institutions of ponds, wet fields, usually slender areas and also in housing. Life type of plant– shrub, but some authors consider it a vine. Root woody, sneaking, much branched, occasionally tuberous-thickened. Stems climbing up, seasonal, 0.3 to 1.5(2-3, as much as 5)m tall, with woody lower component, up to 2-2,5(5) centimeters thick. Young shoots are buff-yellow, older is covered with grey wrinkled bark, at the base much branched, with divaricate branches, glabrous or sparsely covered with appressed hairs. The leaves are huge,
to 2.5-12 centimeters long and 0.6-10 cm broad, alternate, oblong-ovate, whole, at base sometimes with ears. The blossoms are purple, looking like the blossoms of the potato, gathered 8-18 in an almost corymbose florescence drooping. The fruit is juicy, seeded, ovoid, brilliant red berries. It grows from might to September. The fruits ripen in July-September.
The plant is harmful. The nightshade sweet-bitter glycoalkaloid consist of solanine and glycoside, dulcomarin, like atropine pupil-dilation. Located in the fallen leaves of carotene, starch, healthy protein compounds. Eco-friendly berries include as much as 2% steroid glycosides. Ripe fruits are much smaller sized. In the old literary works defines instances of poisoning with a fatal outcome, even red fruits. When consuming (especially youngsters) eye-catching red berries, poisoning most often takes place. Unlike black nightshade, nightshade fruits red when ripe do not shed their harmful residential or commercial properties. There are the cases of poisoning reckless enthusiasts of natural medicine.
Nightshade sweet-bitter — — medicinal, poisonous, insecticidal, Candidaturas ornamental plant. The stems and leaves have insecticidal activity, a product of them (5-6 kg of fresh stems in a bucket of water) used for spraying against caterpillars, and larvae of different insect species. In folk medicine, with the medical purpose apply young floral shoots with fallen leaves for skin diseases, especially itchy eczema and also swelling, bronchial asthma, colds, swelling of the bladder, diarrhea, irregular menstruation, wound recovery and also as an anthelmintic.
The leaves are additionally made use of in dropsy, jaundice, whooping coughing; externally — — with scrofula and rheumatism; berries — — sexually transmitted diseases, epilepsy, migraine headaches, a product of the blossoms — — in lung diseases and also catarrh of the respiratory tract.
The leaves and also berries of nightshade sweet-bitter toxic, they require to be dealt with just under clinical supervision. They consist of solanine glycoalkaloid, glucoside, dulcomarin, starch, resin, protein-substances. Dulcomarin, in its action comparable to atropine. There are recognized instances of poisoning of pets and birds. Poisoning disrupts the sychronisation of motions in livestock causes diarrhea, palpitations.