Large-caliber sniper rifle M82 from the company Barrett Firearms
The success of the gun company Barrett Firearms is an example of that in our days it is possible to start a business in the garage, like Henry Ford. It was founded by a retired police officer Ronnie Barrett. In 1982, he, literally on his knees, created a large-caliber semi-automatic rifle, which subsequently received the name of Barrett M82 and was adopted by the Swedish army, and subsequently by United States special forces. It belongs to the category of sniper, but the fact is the fact that during the Second world war was called the anti-tank gun.
It is used to defeat light armored targets, radar antennas, and even undermining the min. Now the Barrett Firearms company produces several similar models with different loading mechanism, and a modernized version of the Barrett M82 is rifle М107 received for your caliber informal name Light Fifty.
The description of the rifle M82 Barrett Firearms
Semi-automatic sniper rifle major – 12.7 mm – caliber. Total length 1450 mm, weight: 14,75 kg magazine Capacity 10 rounds. In her appearance there is nothing from the usual Armory of aesthetics, it is a utilitarian gun to send a bullet over long distances. For ease of carrying it is provided with two hinged handles.
, Cold forged barrel is equipped with muzzle brake that reduces recoil by 30 percent. He is thick-walled, fluted (longitudinal ribs). Butt it would be correct to call the shoulder rest. The breech is enclosed in a perforated steel casing, which houses two spring recoil mechanism. From its front edge to the back plate of the packing box is installed Picatinny rail, which allows you to adjust the telescopic sight within the 27 MOA. Rifle staged on a triangular bipod from a M60 machine gun.
The mechanism of reloading is that rifle a movable barrel that at the time of the shot rolling back back with the paddle, after which they reteplase. The so-called short course of the trunk to facilitate and simplify the design of the rifle.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Large capacity and range – the defeat of lightly armored targets at distances up to a mile, unprotected – up to six kilometers.
- The return mechanism with a short return stroke of the barrel is allowed to increase the reliability and simplicity of design, to increase the rate.
- Completely missing the usual gun aesthetics, it is a utilitarian device for sending bullets to the target.
- Can be used only for military purposes.
- The value of MOA 2 to 3 units, for a classic sniper weapons is unacceptable and justified only by large caliber.
A very large weight and dimensions, which reduces the mobility of the sniper group. Extremely strong impact and the sound of the shot, which leads to demaskirovanii arrow.
Rifle Barrett M82 (photo)
Lose at distances up to a mile of technical objects – cars, armored personnel carriers, antennas locators or breaching minefields.
Varieties of models from BF
М107 – a modernized version of the M82 design which uses titanium, whereby the weight is reduced by five kilograms, and the strength and reliability of a design is increased. Looks different muzzle brake different shape, and also sliding vertical stand for the end of the shoulder rest that allows you to keep the butt on the weight.
M95 – rifle with a longitudinally sliding gate. Made in the form factor of the bullpup the handle and the trigger are in front of the store. The 12.7 mm caliber, barrel length with three-chamber muzzle brake compensator 73,6 cm, the total length of 114.3 cm, weight 10.7 kg.
M99 is single shot rifle with a longitudinally sliding gate. As executed in the form factor of a bullpup. The trunk is smooth, without flute, three-chamber muzzle brake. Shutter with fifteen lugs. The 12.7 mm barrel length 73,7 or 81.3 mm. Overall length 119 or 127 cm 10.4 or 11.4 kilograms.
|Type||Self-loading rifle with short barrel|
|Caliber||.50 BMG, .416 Barrett|
|Barrel length (mm)||508 (.50 BMG only), 73,7|
|Trunk||, Cold forged, with flutes and muzzle brake|
|The pitch of thread (inches)||15 for .50 BMG and .416 Barrett to 12|
|Total length (mm)||1220 or 1450 (depending on barrel length)|
|Weight (kg)||14 or 14.8|
A semi-automatic rifle with a reloading mechanism, which is based on short recoil. A paddle with a triangular larva, fully entering the breech of the barrel.
Barrel, cold forged, thick-walled, with flutes and muzzle brake / compensator.
The breech is enclosed in a perforated steel casing, which is located inside the two springs recoil mechanism.
The trigger mechanism unregulated, pistol handle of impact-resistant plastic, detachable store, his latch is between it and the trigger guard.
The fuse box is on the bottom of the trigger guard on the left. In the “Fire” he raised vertically to block falls horizontally.
On the top side of the receiver is fixed a long Picatinny rail that allows you to configure a scope within the 27 MOA.
The shoulder rest is provided with a shock absorbing butt pad. The rifle is supplied with a metal bipod, similar to those on the M60 machine gun, and a folding carrying handle.
Picking and packing
The rifle comes in a hard plastic Pelican cases TM disassembled. The trunk with the cover is separated from the receiver with shoulder stock, pistol handle and return mechanism of the shutter. The store also removed and put into a separate cell. Accompanied by a manual, certificate and warranty card (warranty).
The principle of operation
Automatic rifle uses the energy of recoil which moves the barrel. Apply the so-called scheme of a short stroke of the barrel. Before shot of the triangular cylinder stopper is engaged with the breech. After this hitch makes short move back, then disengaged, the barrel returns to its original position, and the shutter continues to move back and cocking a projectile release mechanism.
Feed cartridge into the chamber occurs according to the standard scheme: the paddle goes back, picks it out of the bunker, Doyle into the breech and locks. The rifle is again ready to fire.
The rifle is stored and transported in disassembled form. Her dismantling of basic elements does not cause difficulties.
- Remove the mounting pins are provided with rings for ease of operating them. One is on the bottom of the forend in front of the bin store, the other in front of the buttplate shoulder rest.
- Raise rear of the receiver cover of the receiver and barrel, then remove it completely.
- Slightly retract the bolt and remove the pin of the return mechanism of the shutter, and then remove it from the receiver, remove the spring from the body of the shutter.
- Remove the pins fastening the recoil mechanism of the barrel, to separate it from the casing, remove the springs.
- To remove the bipod.
The price and the reviews on the rifle Barrett M82 and other are given below.
In the free market is the only rifle Barrett model M99 is single shot. It cost 400 thousand rubles. Other models like the Barrett M82 are only offered in airsoft and pneumatic options or as toys.
Rifle Barrett M82 is capable of hitting armored targets at ranges up to six kilometers. Armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles with armor made from alloyed aluminum alloys at distances of 1.5 kilometers. The value of the MOA does not exceed 3 units. Very strong impact and the sound of the shot.