Marine ruff (Skorpena, Red skorpena, skorpena black sea, black sea ruff, “brush”) – Scorpaena porcus – fish, which gave name to an extensive family of Scorpionfish.
Black sea ruff has a large slightly flattened head, which occupies one third of the body. On the head of a Scorpionfish has a highly placed bulging crimson eyes and a huge mouth, framed by thick lips, which can easily fit a small crab. To deal with dobutaminom Ersu help powerful jaws with many sharp curves the teeth. Fish body cover with bumps and soap the skin, masking it under a weedy stone, among which it hides. At the black sea scorpionida large pectoral fin and one dorsal fin spiny, always straightened and raised. The rays of the dorsal fin transformed into a sharp thorns.
Scorpionfish are poisonous. Paired venom glands are at the base of the spiny rays of the fins (dorsal, anal and ventral). All such rays Scorpionfish, there are about 20 pieces. They are located at a 45° angle and serve ERSO protection from predators. Also the poison is contained in the bone spines on the Gill covers.
After the defeat of poisonous spines pain quickly intensifies. The area around the injections is red and swollen. First and foremost, the victim must make the wound bleed as much as possible. Then you need to gently treat the affected area with hot water, but it is best to without delay seek medical help. Therefore, at the meeting of Sea ruff be very careful, as the poison persists even dead fish.
However, by brush it is difficult to pass, because it attracts the attention of fancy variegated coloration and unusual appearance. Light yellow or cream-colored body of the young animals it has been painted brown, reddish-brown to bronze spots and uneven vertical stripes. With age the coloration of the black sea scorpionida. It becomes dark brown with intermittent mottling on the fins or wide blurry vertical bands on a pale brown or grayish background. There are also crimson yellow, pink and black scorpionfish.
Marine fish is a predator. In natural conditions it feeds on small fish and crustaceans, which are lurking in wait and catches a sharp jerk. To detect prey black sea scorpene help the organs of the lateral line, especially developed on the head. They catch the currents of water from any moving subject that allows you to hunt even in complete darkness.
Marine ruff has a distinctive feature that distinguishes it from other fish. He regularly drops its leather cover like a snake. The change of the skin occurs 1-2 times a month (usually after a lunar month is 28 days).
Marine fish lives in the coastal zone, in a kelp forest, among the rocks. Leads bottom way of life, sedentary and not fearful. Lays eggs in small portions in sheath of mucus that float to the surface.
Skorpena is considered one of the most delicious fish of the Black sea. Brush the meat is white, firm and juicy. In gliosartan can reach 30-40 cm and weigh at the same 1-1,5 kg.
Scorpionfish (Scorpaena) is a genus of marine fish of the scorpionfish family, whose representatives live in the basins of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. All the Scorpaena genus includes 62 species, the most famous of which are:
– Black sea skorpena-ruff, or Scorpid (Scorpaena porcus). This fish, in fact, gave name to the whole genus of scorpionfish. Its range includes the Eastern Atlantic, Black, Mediterranean and Azov sea.
Golden sea-ruff, or Golden skorpena (Scorpaena scrofa). Common in subtropical seas, found in the Canary and Azores Islands, as well as Magery and Guinea-Bissau. Some species of scorpionfish, such as gold skorpena, are among the game fish.
Dimensions scorpionfish vary considerably depending on the specific species. The largest members of the genus grow to 40-50 cm, but most individuals in the length does not exceed 30 centimeters. Body scorpionfish, as a rule, short, strongly tapering towards the tail, the head is large. Coloration not uniform, while it is dominated by various shades of red and brown. On the ventral, dorsal and anal fins scorpionfish are poisonous rays, a shot which is dangerous to humans.
A Golden scorpionfish poison causes severe and prolonged pain, and in some cases, the ingested, can cause death. An interesting feature of the scorpionfish is the ability to molt. Like snakes, these fish are occasionally completely throwing off worn-out skin, and do it quite often. So, the black sea skorpena-ruff may molt up to two times per month.
Most often scorpionfish are found in coastal waters of the seas and in the shallows of the coral atolls, but some species prefer to settle at a depth of up to two kilometers. For long journeys these fish tend not to – most of the time they lie motionless on the bottom waiting for prey, and only the sight of a suitable size fish, shellfish or shrimp, make a rapid breakthrough. Extremely varied coloration makes scorpionfish hardly noticeable on the background of coral reefs, which contributes to successful hunting.
Spawning the bet portion. The eggs covers the sheath of mucus, which breaks up just before wychavon larvae. First time hatching the larvae swim near the surface, and then, having reached a suitable size, and lowered in the water column.
In the Black and Azov sea and the Kerch Strait, you can see quite an interesting fish called a sea ruff or small scorpenes. After her interesting to watch, but absolutely not worth to see it close. This is one of the most hostile marine inmates, besides its spines located all over the body, is quite poisonous.
It is a real monster – big head covered with protuberances, horns, bulging crimson eyes, a huge mouth with thick lips. The rays of the dorsal fin transformed into a sharp spines, which skorpena, if it is disturbed, spreads; at the base of each beam – toxic iron. It is protection from predators ruff, his weapon of defence.
And the weapons of attack – jaws with many sharp curves the teeth – designed for a carefree fish, approached scorpene by the length of its swift, violent throw. All kind of scorpionfish says its danger; and at the same time, she is beautiful – and there are scorpionfish very different colors – black, gray, brown, crimson, yellow, pink…
Due to the fact that this fish is quite difficult to notice at the bottom, many of its victims literally coming in her mouth. She doesn’t even have to specifically hunt someone. Marine ruffs grab prey, making typical of other scorpionfish sudden short throw, and swallow it. Skorpena feeds on small fish and various crustaceans.
These prickly predators lurk among the rocks, under the seaweed, and all bottom fish, changing color to match the color of their environment, can quickly lighten or darken depending on light conditions. Hide scorpene and numerous spines, spikes, tentacles and leathery, turning it into one of rocks covered with marine vegetation. Therefore, it is difficult to notice, and she so relies on its obscurity, that swims (or rather, flies like a bullet from a gun!) only if to approach her closely. Sometimes it can even be touched – but just to do – that’s enough! Interesting, lying on the surface of the water and breathing through a tube, watch the hunt scorpionfish…
The danger of sea perch that, when accidentally disturbed, he did not think to leave. On the contrary, it raises the dorsal spines, and assumes a defensive posture, arching the body with a Crescent. Not seeing him among the sea of stones and algae, it is easy to stumble.
The wounds from the spikes scorpionfish cause burning pain, the area around the injections is red and swollen, and then General malaise, temperature, and your vacation is interrupted. Particularly dangerous poison ruffs early spring: in this time of year due to the rising hormone levels, poison is the most toxic. If you have suffered from thorns ruff – contact your doctor. Wounds should be treated as ordinary scratches.
The main symptoms of poisoning with poison of sea perch – local inflammation (where pricked) and General allergic reaction. Deaths from injections scorpionfish is not known. Accidentally it is also no one comes and we suffer from its barbs curious divers and fishermen, when you take the ruff with the hook or removing it from the network. Incidentally, sea ruff, a very tasty fish, just clean it carefully – the poison persists even scorpionfish, rested in the fridge.
Skorpena has interesting features – it is regularly shed, throwing himself – a snake, a sock – worn skin, sometimes up to two times per month. Moreover, the better the conditions in which fish live, and the more food, the more often they occur shedding.
Inhabits the Eastern Atlantic, from the British to the Azores, in the Mediterranean sea and the Black sea, comes across sometimes in the sea of Azov. Predator. Held in the coastal area and most of the time lying in thicket vegetation on stony bottom waiting for prey. Was formerly one of the most common fish in the coastal zone, presently, is much rarer.