As is known, carp is a heat-loving fish. His behavior is very dependent on water temperature. It may vary depending on the weather, which is on the street, and especially – in the presence of night frosts.
These usually lead to a sharp decrease in water temperature, even if the day is sunny. As soon as the pond shows thinning from thin ice – almost always you can forget about autumn carp fishing.
The most accurate indicator of the autumn carp is the water thermometer. Before you go fishing, it is necessary to measure the temperature of the water, if not at the place of fishing, then at least in a nearby reservoir, where there are similar weather conditions. It is not exposed to daily fluctuations as strongly as air temperature, therefore it can be measured at any time of the day. However, the most accurate figures will be obtained in the morning, since at this time it is minimal.
If at such measurements the water is cooled below ten degrees, then you can forget about any carp fishing. In the extreme case, if you do not want to cancel fishing, you can try to catch a crucian carp if you live there with the help of carp gear. The fact is that with the onset of cold weather this fish becomes clogged in deep places where the water temperature is relatively constant. There carp is to warming, almost not eating. During the winter, the carp is covered with a thick layer of protective mucus, which saves fixed specimens from the penetration of bacteria.
Therefore, any talk about carp fishing in November, as well as about catching it in March, can be questioned. Such fishing is possible only where the water temperature is abnormally warm. However, many people combine business with pleasure – during tourist trips to Cyprus, to Turkey, Egypt, there is an opportunity to catch carp, which almost never hibernates. There is little information about such fishing, but they catch him with the same float and bottom tackles as in Russia.
Small individuals of this fish first fall into hibernation. The largest remain active the longest. At this time, various aquatic insects, worms, and sometimes newts and larger aquatic creatures make up the fish. Although the carp occasionally eats fry as well, but catching it by spinning is a random occupation. Carp poklevki when catching a predator may be, but they are rare. However, what a pleasure when catching a small perch to catch on a thin tackle a trophy weighing 15 kilograms and pull a stubborn fish out of the water!
Choosing the right bait
The carp in our latitudes almost refuses plant food. The fact is that he needs high-calorie food, which does not require a lot of strength when digesting. And in the bait, and as a nozzle it is highly recommended to add something alive that moves and attracts fish not only by smell. By the way, the last factor when fishing in autumn water is no longer as significant as in summer fishing in warm water. In cold water, smells spread much slower than in warm water. Smelly bait is not so much able to attract fish from a far distance. However, the fact that it is capable of holding the carp well when it came to bait should not be denied, and it is impossible to refuse it at all.
As a rule, the autumn carp is a single large fish. You can wait for a few days for a long time, patiently throwing the bait to the place where he can be, and finally catch. In southern latitudes, this fish reaches solid size – up to 20 kilograms. Usually the largest individuals are subspecies of mirror or bare carp, and not wild carp-carp.
The mirror subspecies is also better acclimatized in more northern latitudes, where you can often find abandoned carp with the remaining carp. For example, there are old collective-farm ponds in the Smolensk region, in the Moscow region, in the Leningrad region, where you can catch large mirror carp. Unfortunately, due to the cooling of water, fishing for him in these places ends the most. Also, this fish in unguarded ponds usually quickly becomes prey to poachers.
In more southern areas, where the water temperature is higher, you can catch in October, and the November carp fishing is not uncommon here. Often they catch carp when fishing for silver carp, which is well caught here. He has similar habits, but rarely comes together and does not have mixed flocks. Where there is one fish, it is rare to find another.
Classic carp fishing in autumn
Classical or English carp fishing in the fall is usually carried out in stagnant water or in very weak currents. In places where the flow is stronger, it is almost impossible to use a marker float, especially at great depths. As a rule, you can meet carp on large lakes with cooling only at a considerable distance from the shore. There the water usually does not cool as fast as near the coast.
It is necessary to clearly determine the distance from the shore, where the water will be more cool at night. The fact is that the whole coastal living creature with a cold snap also rushes to depth, but not too far. Therefore, at this temperature boundary, where the depth is already sufficient so that the water does not cool to the very bottom, but not very far from the coast, there will be its greatest concentration. Carp shallow aquatic fauna attracts the most, and there it should be sought.
Fishing on a platnic
On paid reservoirs, the situation is somewhat different. Usually, the fish there even in the summer time are overfed and reacts to the nozzle thrown by the angler only in a very short time of the day. It affects not only this, but also stress. Fish in platnikam usually imported, and it takes about a week to survive the stress of travel and acclimatize. Only then does she begin to actively feed, but then these individuals are usually caught by anglers.
In general, a healthy carp, if it does not fall into a state of hibernation, eats almost around the clock. Neither the weather, nor precipitation, nor the phases of the moon, nor any other climatic phenomena other than cooling water can have a strong influence on its biting. It is possible with the same success to fish in the morning hours, and in the afternoon, and in the evening. The activity of the bite decreases only at night, when visibility in the water is poor due to the darkness and the carp loses its orientation in space and appetite for a short time.
In the fall on carp tackle use exclusively neutral prikormochny compounds with the addition of pellets, animal component. No provoking smells or colors – only neutral dark colors. The autumn carp is large, cautious and its metabolism is slowed down – hunger cannot get the best of prudence. You can catch on boilies, but here they will not stand out so much against the background of worms, moldy worm and other animal baits. Of course, catching carp tackle on a worm will be unconventional, but it can bring success, and you must be prepared in the absence of poklevok to put the worm on a hook or use one of their fishing rods under the worm.
Fishing on canals, channels
It is much easier in the autumn to catch carp on canals, ducts. This is a semi-walker or a carp. It follows from the spawning grounds and summer otgorochnyh places to the wintering pits. Usually he does not stay long in one place, even when walking in packs. The bait when fishing for such fish is not very effective, and fishing for carp in such places cannot be considered classic. However, in narrow channels, the probability of meeting fish at one point is much higher than searching for it on a vast territory of a lake, bay or pond.
Carp fishing here may be a little different technology. Usually “carp” places off the coast are overgrown with reeds. Approach to the place of fishing, where the water has an open mirror of the duct, should be in the kneecaps. The fishing rod also often has to be put on complex supports so that the coil is not in the water. Usually it is installed almost vertically on a special rack.
The casting distance for such fishing is usually small, they feed the fish from the hand. They learn about the bite by triggering the alarm device. Most often it is a bell, but sometimes electronic and other signaling devices are used. Fishing is usually carried out with no more than three or four short-length fishing rods up to two meters. Such fishing is popular in many southern regions of Russia and is not as expensive compared to full-fledged English carp fishing.
It is used both on small rivers and canals, and on eriks in the lower reaches of the Volga and the Urals, where you can find a sufficient amount of carp in the fall. On the snap, however, there is no need to save. Although rods themselves are simpler, and their number is less, but good hair equipment, good hooks and fishing line is the key to a good catch.
Fishing for bottom gear
Can be adapted for and bottom gear. Usually when catching a feeder, one encounters far smaller trophies than a full-fledged half-carp. It is necessary to take care of a good durable rod and high-quality fishing line. Cord in carp fishing is not used so often and only in those cases when it is required to carry out a long-distance cast with a shock leader. It is much easier to explore the bottom, the temperature of the water and identify the places where the carp can stay closer to the shore and there is no need for a long cast. This will allow you to use a lighter fishing rod with a fishing line that will absorb the jerks of large fish.
Fishing for bottom gear usually does not have the character of sport fishing. Often here are used snap from two hooks, which are spaced with a nozzle on the type of hair snap. Naturally, such a tackle excludes fishing on the principle of catch-release. Catch both on a donkey with a beater and on the catch without a rod. The usual places for autumn fishing on such a tackle are such, where it can also be thrown not too far. Lure when fishing on the donk from the hand, the bait in the feeder is not used as often.
Feeder – the only sports equipment, which can successfully catch carp on large rivers over. It allows you to qualitatively explore the bottom, determine its areas, differences, promising places where carp can hold. For example, in the Volga, carp can be found in the fall in ditches that run along the coast. Usually there is enough food there, and he eats it willingly. Sometimes, with sufficient depth, these places are wintering pits. Here it is caught as a sedentary carp, which does not move along the river during its life, as well as a semi-passage.
Feeder fishing involves the use of a universal rod both for feeding fish and for fishing and bottom exploration. Of course, with such a tackle you cannot throw a significant amount of feed at the point of catching in a short time, but this is not required in the fall – the amount of bait should not be too large here. In feeder carp fishing, elements of carp tackle are often used – hair accessories, feeder-method, boilies, etc.
You can catch both, and on the classic feeder gear, as the usual metal feeder-cage is more effective in the course. She is able to quickly deliver food to the bottom and not to scatter it in the water column when diving. Unfortunately, such a feeding trough excludes the use of pellets in the bait, and for them the classical carp is more suitable, which is too heavy for the feeder. The use of spider feeders for feeding suggests the use of a feeder of a class not lower than Heavy even with small weights of a sinker, a small current and a small casting distance.
Fishing on the float
Autumn float fishing of carp from the shore is practically not carried out. Of course, such fishing is much more spectacular and more emotional than bottom fishing. However, the fish from September begins to move to deeper and deeper places. To reach them with the help of a float fishing rod becomes almost impossible if they do not use a boat.
But the boat in the autumn season can scare away cautious large carp. The fact is that visibility and audibility in the water in the fall are very good, especially in stagnant water. A fish far hears a boat trip if it is metal or wood, and the carp may simply not fit. To use a rubber boat in cold water is dangerous enough, because you can simply overcool and not swim to the shore if the balloon is punctured, even if the second one is afloat.
But do not exclude the use of a boat when fishing in eriks among the thickets of reeds on the Don and the Volga.
There on it you can reach the desired place without risking to scoop up water with boots, tie it among the vegetation and calmly fish. In eriki it finds enough food, moreover, the depth there may reach such values that the water at the bottom will not cool down too quickly overnight, and the fish there may be permanently. The fish are much less afraid of the boat, which stands in the reeds, than the one that stands in the middle of the open water.
However, it is worthwhile to say that the carp is most efficiently caught on the float not in the autumn, but immediately after spawning. Then it is easier to get to him, and he bites more actively. Float fishing rod for carp fishing is especially good in overgrown places, in shallow water, in the windows among aquatic vegetation, where it is simply impossible to use a donk. In the spring, yes, carp can often be found in such places. Closer to the fall it is easier to catch the bottom fishing pole.