The beauty and diversity of the animal world has not bypassed the party and this family of animals, like primates. In the world there are not only members, featuring a large height, weight and strength, but they were so tiny.
Marmoset – one of the smallest members of the family of monkeys marmosets. About it will be explained in this article.
Description and types of Marmosets
Representatives of this species is called pygmy marmosets , pocket monkeys for its modest growth and an enviable activity.
The weight of an adult monkey only around a hundred grams with the growth of 20-25 cm. The tail reaches a length of 20-25 inches. It may seem that the long tail has a prehensile function, but it is not.
Standard color pygmy marmosets – reddish with a dark undercoat may be black or white specks. Skull marmoset little, but the brain is fairly well developed. To monitor the environment, nature has given monkeys the ability of turning the head to 180 degrees. Monkey eyes are expressive, round, with a small brace. Teeth in monkeys. Developed five-fingered limbs allow marmosets jump up to five meters in height, and sharp claws allow you to firmly grab and fastened to the trunks or branches of trees.
Types Of Marmosets:
- Silver. The most common. It is distinguished from the other color, which has white (silver) hair.
- Golden. Similar to silver, however, has a yellowish body and yellow rings on the tail. In the ears are brushes white.
- Chernouhie. Owes its name to the black tufts of hair on ears. The color of the trunk monkey alternating black and brown stripes. Chernouhie of marmosets much more likely to settle close to human than other species.
Habitat and way of life
Like most primates, these pygmy monkeys live in South America in the jungles of Brazil, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.
Monkeys live in the dense crowns of trees higher from terrestrial predators. Pygmy tamarins sleep in tree holes. Marmoset social animals and stay in large groups which is built on the principle of family i.e. one group living representatives of the same family which may consist of 4-5 generations. Female pygmy marmosets give birth twice a year. Protecting and raising children falls squarely on the male who gives kids the female only for feeding.
In the wild monkeys live up to 10 years in captivity with proper care, this period is increased by 2-3 years.
Constant temperature for keeping marmosets should fluctuate in the limit of 25-30 degrees Celsius. Humidity not less than 60% is considered normal.
Diet pygmy marmosets – marmozets diverse and consists of:
- variety of fruits;
- the flowers and leaves of plants;
- birds ‘ eggs;
Monkey quench thirst with water, which accumulates on the leaves of trees. Thanks to the powerful cutters marmosets can get tree SAP, and light weight allows you to reach fruit that can not eat other heavyweight competitors.
The reproduction and first year of life of marmosets
The fertility of females starts with a two-year-old age. The female chooses expectant father. Pregnancy marmoset lasts 140-150 days. The light usually appear two rarely, three calves.
At birth the babies weigh about 12-15 grams. The first 2-3 months babies are eating mother breast milk. Then go into the power of the father is not yet completely recovered.
With three months unable to move independently, and six months start to eat the same food that adults. The chaff maturation starts from 12 months and ends in two years.
Choosing life on the branches, marmosets got rid of terrestrial hazards, for example, from the attack of the big cats. However the attacks of birds of prey, and arboreal snakes are very serious and if the predators monkeys struggling through its social structures, human intervention they can not protect themselves.
Man is the main enemy of marmosets. The destruction of habitat and illegal trapping – this is a modern problem little monkeys.
If you’ve decided to settle in his home this lovely animal, you have the ask the question how much is it to marysechka and where can I buy them? Most often marmosets gain or in a specialized pet store or directly from a breeder via the message boards on the Internet or through social networks. The average price is about 50000-60000 roubles. Don’t forget that the contents of these little darlings will also entail additional costs.
Maintenance and care
Marmosets are social animals therefore lack of communication can negatively affect the health of your pet. You should consider if you are planning to keep a pet in a terrarium it should be quite spacious so that the animal felt no discomfort. Marmosets shy animals so it’s essential for them a place where they could hide and wait out the danger.
Important and wakefulness and sleepthat is better not to disturb. Also, remember that monkeys mark their territory. This should be ready.
Love and care – that’s what matters in the content of any living creature and marmosets no exception. Treat them as you would like them to treat you, and then exotic humorist will delight you for years to come.