The crucian carp is a fresh-water peaceful fish from the carp family. It is the closest relative of the carp and is often found in the same places as the carp. According to the diet, the crucian carp is a benthic phage.
The basis of its nutrition are small bottom crustaceans, bloodworm. He, like a bream, sucks the bottom silt together with the insects inhabiting it and then eats them, spitting out inedible food through the gills. Such fish usually forms the basis of a fisherist fisherman’s catch.
Feeder fishing has found a lot of fans. This fishing is not expensive and is available for any age, at the same time it is very extractive and gives a lot of positive emotions. Carp fishing on the feeder is available in suburban reservoirs, on patelists and wild forest lakes.
This fish has a rather short wide and thick body. A crucian has a strong, dull head, thick lips. A variety of subspecies of carp is impressive. Usually in our waters there are golden and silver crucian carp. Often also distinguished subspecies with red fins, with a smooth bronze color, whitish with transparent fins, greenish, grayish and many others.
All of them are formed due to closed populations – the crucian lives for many years in closed ponds, and during this time a local population manages to form. Biologically, only gold and silver crucian can be distinguished; the latter was brought to us from China.
The carp is caught in stagnant water and rarely keeps on flowing. It is well tolerated by oxygen starvation and is often the only fish that inhabits a body of water. It keeps in a coastal strip, near thickets of aquatic vegetation.Rarely goes to large open areas – usually the largest individuals live there. They are the most desirable trophies when fishing for feeders.
Recently, he has to endure the neighborhood with another fish – rotan. Bites of the latter are undesirable, and you have to experiment a lot with attachments, to which rotan remains indifferent. Often in the reservoirs, where there used to be a lot of crucian, rotan settled, which becomes the main trophy of the angler. Because of this, it seems that the crucian is no longer there.
This is not true. Crucian just does not have time to reach the nozzle, and its bites are rare. Rotan cannot do anything with large enough crucians, as he himself is a small fish that cannot hurt them. But here he actively exterminates fry, and this can really affect the size of the population and its growth.
Traditionally, crucian carp caught on float and bottom tackle. The latter, including the feeder, are used in fairly clean water. Catching in thickets, windows of aquatic vegetation is more convenient for summer mormyshka and float fishing pole. But where there is an opportunity to fish the bottom, the feeder is out of competition for production. In addition, it is on the feeder you can catch a trophy instance.
About trophies: the usual weight of caught fish ranges from one hundred grams to kilograms. In places where a crucian is very much, it becomes shallow and grows very slowly. There, his fishing becomes a tempo, the catch of a fisherman is small fish, which is a great live fish. Where the carp does not have problems with growth and development, where its numbers are regulated, for example, by the same rotan, the fish grows to large sizes.Captures of crucians weighing more than a kilogram can be considered rare.
Gold and silver carp lead a similar way of life. They differ in size – usually gold grows to large sizes. Silver carp is also more often found on a weak current – gold avoids such places. Spawning occurs at a water temperature above 10-15 degrees in places where there is a lot of aquatic vegetation, reeds, about which the fish can rub. Spawning is extended in time and lasts all summer. First, the largest individuals spawn, then smaller ones.
Silverfish have populations of females alone. To remove caviar, it is necessary that it be fertilized by fish of other species. Therefore, silver carp is usually rarely found alone in a pond – often it is adjacent to a carp. Because of this neighborhood, there was an erroneous opinion that this species is a hybrid of crucian and carp. In fact, it is a separate species, which, however, is able to interbreed with carp, forming a hybrid.
In winter, this fish is inactive. It hibernates, remaining motionless and practically not eating from November to March. However, in some water bodies, periodically nibbling of an crucian from ice is observed – especially in fairly deep places. This usually occurs in strong thaws, when a lot of melted water falls under the ice, and the crucian carp can wake up and feed.
There are two periods of active biting – in spring, in May and the end of April, before spawning, the crucian actively feeds and eats after winter. And in August-September, when the crucian eats before winter. At the feeder, it is more convenient to catch it in springtime, as in summer and early autumn the aquatic vegetation makes itself felt, and it becomes inconvenient to catch it on the bottom tackle.
Since the crucian carp is a dweller of ponds, there is no need to use coarse tackle with long casting and heavy feeders for the current. On the contrary, it is necessary to use the easiest feeder – Picker. Usually its length is no more than three meters, and the test is up to 60 g. Such tackle does not imply a long-range cast. Yes, and the carp does not like to keep at a great distance from the coast, because near the coast the water warms up more actively, which means there are more crustaceans and bottom insects that can be eaten. Only a large number of swimmers or noise can drive fish away from the shore, and even then not always.
Feeders use the most varied ones: the usual feeder feeders, and the floating ones, on a muddy and overgrown bottom, the banjo feeder, flat-feeders, and all kinds of springs are effective. The main thing – they should not be too heavy. It is best to put such feeders, which have a little protruding parts, to eliminate the hooks. Nozzles use both vegetable and animal. Sometimes they catch on small carp boilies, often on homemade ones. Such bait allows you to avoid biting small fish. Therefore, often put carp snap for boilies.
The hook is medium sized. Even in a large crucian the lips are not too thick and are easily penetrated by hooks of 10-12 numbers. And it is generally preferable to use the small one on a hook No. 14-16. Hook leashes are put in different lengths, depending on the fishing conditions. It often happens that the load is buried in a layer of grass at the bottom, and a long leash lies on the grass, and it is easier for fish to find a nozzle. Picnic fishing does not always involve the use of feeders, and at a small distance it is easier to feed the fish by hand, and put a normal load on the line.
When fishing it is rarely used braided cord, as it tends to be very confused and cling to aquatic plants. The line passes through them more easily, even through overgrown coastal areas. The thickness of the fishing line should be such that you can pull out the hook and feeder from the undergrowth. Usually, a basic fishing line of 0.2–0.25 mm is sufficient, and a lead is set at 0.12–0.15 mm. Often they put two leashes in order to understand which nozzle is best for carp today, and then, when they found out, they switch to one that is less confused.
Fishing rod for fishing on the picker does not take the most subtle, so that with its help you can rip out the nozzle from the undergrowth. The classic Picker has an average build, which well quenches fish jerks and allows even the lightest loads to be thrown well. However, with capricious poklevka, when you need a hard hook-up, or with a fast-paced catch of small crucian, they use a rod of quick action. Rod length – from 2.4 to 3 meters. Tops should have maximum sensitivity. The current and the wind are unlikely to interfere here – there is no place for the winds to clear up over the closed water area of the pond, and there are no currents at all. Therefore, cheap glass tips can be used 0.5-2 oz.
The coil is selected on the basis of the characteristics of the rod. Since the picer rods have a small weight, it is foolish to put a reel weighing more than 400 g on them. Usually, two or three thousand meters are put up with a plastic case and weighing up to 300 g. The coil should have a sufficiently large traction force so that herbs.
A good tackle on a crucian should be harmonious, light. Much here depends on the properties of the done – with a short form, it greatly affects the range and accuracy, allows you to equip the picker correctly. It is worth experimenting with vershinki, if for some reason you don’t like the tackle – perhaps you need to put a softer or thinner carbon fiber. It is not necessary to break the coal with a heavy trough here – such people do not use carp for fishing.
The most practical installation when catching a crucian on a feeder is inline. He gives the least hooks for vegetation and almost not confused. However, those who are accustomed to using paternoster, can catch with him. When fishing on carp accessories with flat-feeder or banjo also use the installation in line. For installation, it is desirable to use an interchangeable slider with a swivel and a clasp, which will replace the load on the feeder and back; .
Baits and attachments
Crucian famous for being extremely picky in the choice of nozzles. Coming after him to the reservoir, you should have at least three different delicacies available that can attract fish. Most often he prefers vegetable attachments to animals. This is especially true in those places where there is also rotan, which will not allow the crucian to approach a worm or bloodworm.
From vegetable nozzles for catching on feeder use barley porridge, pea mastyrku. Slightly less – bread and semolina. These two nozzles are very good for fishing, however, they require great sensitivity and instant clear hooking, which can give a greater degree of fishing rod with a float, and not feeder gear. Barley porridge is prepared by steaming in a thermos with the addition of honey, dill, and other attractants. Water is poured about the same as cereals. Mastyrka made from pea flour and semolina, kneading them with water and leaving in the microwave.
From animals you can use a worm, maggots or bloodworms. Most of all the crucian likes the worm and bloodworm; he prefers moldy mold from time to time, but there are periods when he refuses to take anything but him. It is worth paying attention to everything that floats in water or is near it. Excellent attachments on a large crucian – dragonfly larvae, hydra waterworm, or caddisfly butterfly larvae. They are used only in those waters where there is no rotan. Sometimes animal components are used for bait – for example, they add milk and cottage cheese to cereals.
Attractants are of particular importance when fishing. Even the same barley, dipped in different attractants, gives a completely different effect. For example, a medium crucian may be suitable for a strawberry smell, and a larger smell for fish flour smell, but bites will be less common. There are many folk attractants, the so-called “killer carp”. These are various solvents, kerosene, nail polish removers. Sometimes these chemical smells like this fish, but they can scare it away. However, the smell of gasoline and kerosene carp, as a rule, loves.
Baits when fishing use both ground and dusting dace. At great depths and in ponds it is best to use dark baits that do not scare the fish while lying at the bottom. Fraction must be different. You can use all sorts of bait, made with your own hands from cereals, cereals, crumbs and waste bakery production, flavored with attractants and additives. In many ways, the effectiveness of the bait is determined by the addition of soil. It has been proven that adding black peat or chernozem to bait can reduce its cost and increase efficiency.
Since fishing is carried out at a short distance, the tackle is light enough and not too suitable for throwing heavy feeders with starter fodder, it is possible to feed from the hand. It is best to feed with a slingshot, as it will allow more accurate and further to throw the balls in the same place. To effectively deliver loose type of bait in the shallow water without a slingshot at all is impossible.
Nowadays, this method of attracting fish like the fish is completely forgotten. It differs from the bait in that the fishermen attract the fish to stand at a certain point for a long time, throwing there a sufficiently large amount of food at the same time. This method has an advantage – the fish gets used to getting food and comes there in large quantities.
But there is also a disadvantage – it takes a lot of time to play around, and the place can be chosen by other anglers and occupied. The most effective way to act on forgotten forest lakes, distant reservoirs, abandoned marshes, where there are almost no fishermen. For carp privada preferable bait. The catch at the designated places more at times, the chance to catch the trophy – too.
Technique and tactics of fishing
Go fishing early in the morning. The crucian doesn’t take a dark night, but on white nights in the north its bite almost never stops. Choose a good place. If there is a lot of vegetation near the shore, then the place should be cleared of it in advance. The carp usually likes to stay near the edge of thickets of cattail and reed, on the border of clear water under water lilies and lilies, under floating islands, near bushes. For feeder fishing, best of all are vents in reeds and vegetation that have been previously cleared with a rake.
Fishing is carried out on both sides of the progala, closer to its edges. The distance is usually small. Quite rarely have to catch at a distance of more than twenty meters from the shore. They choose in which direction they will cast the gear, make an approximate cast to mark the place. No bottom punching is done, as it is usually difficult to get a reliable picture due to the abundance of grass at the bottom. Determining the presence or absence of fish will help sounder.
After the place of casting is determined, begin to make zakorm. The bait is poured immediately in large quantities, so that a dark spot forms at the bottom. It should not be too hard. If there is a lot of grass, then the bait is actively mixed with a large amount of soil, so that it covers the grass at the bottom. If the carpet is too thick, then it will not be possible to close it with a bait, and here it is more efficient to catch on feeders such as flat or banjo.
After you have made the food, fill the feeder, put the hook in and make a cast. There are two types of bait in order to quickly determine what the carp will bite. If the bites do not follow in fifteen to twenty minutes, the bait is changed until it is found suitable. After that, the catch continues on one hook with the bait selected, and as the bite stops, they continue to pick up.
Bite can have a different character. A small crucian carp for a long time pulls the hook before taking the bait, and the bite is expressed in quiver-type tremor. With a sweep is not worth the hurry. Usually you need to wait until the fish pulls more confidently for the quivertip, and only then hook. Large carp can peck sharply, bending the tip of the rod. Usually it immediately self-cuts. But with a capricious bite, it can jerk as petty.
Dumping fish, especially large ones, is accompanied by active resistance. Crucian rests, makes short jerks to the side. In any case, you need to drag him to the shore as quickly as possible, otherwise he will entangle the line with grass and snag, and you will not be able to pull it out. Small carp is removed from the water, immediately change the bait and throw again and again. The rate of fishing may vary depending on the weather and time of day – in the morning in an hour you can catch ten or fifteen fish, in the afternoon – less than two, or vice versa. When it gets colder in the fall in August and September, the most active bite is observed in the late afternoon.